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"05.12.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On December 5, 1970, Dr. Cyril Ponnamperuma's team at NASA's Ames Research Center were the first to positively identify amino acids of extraterrestrial origin.
The Ames team was studying a meteorite that fell near Murchison, Australia, on September 28,
"04.12.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos The Pioneer-Venus Orbiter entered into orbit around Venus on December 4, 1978. It stayed in orbit around the cloudy planet for a total of thirteen years and ten months. The orbiter was launched in May of the 1978 with equipment designed to map the surface
"03.12.2016 17:00:01" Timeline Photos On December 3, 1904, astronomer Charles Dillon Perrine discovered Himalia, the fifth largest moon of Jupiter. It is only smaller than the four Galilean moons.
Jupiter is the largest planet in our Solar System, and it is also the planet with the most
"02.12.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On December 2, 1993 the crew of the Shuttle Endeavour STS-61 left the Earth. Their mission - to service NASA's Hubble Space Telescope which was already orbiting the planet. Soon after its own launch Hubble, returned its first pictures. Unfortunately,
"01.12.2016 17:03:26" Photos from NASA History's post On December 1, 1984, the Dryden Flight Research Center (now NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center) and the Federal Aviation Administration deliberately crashed a Boeing 720 plane in a Controlled Impact Demonstration.
The purpose of this was to test a
"01.12.2016 14:30:04" Timeline Photos On December 1, 1943, Dorothy Vaughan began her first day of work at the National Advisory Committee on Aeronautics' (NACA's) Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory (now NASA Langley Research Center). A former high school math teacher, she would go on to
"30.11.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos With a telescope capable of 20X magnification Galileo Galilei began his first detailed observations of the Moon on November 30, 1609. At the time of Galileo's study the most prominent theories of celestial objects descended from Aristotle and they held
"29.11.2016 17:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: President Lyndon B. Johnson
Date: November 29, 1963
President John F. Kennedy's inspirational leadership of America's early space program had a huge impact on the course of human space exploration. In his
"28.11.2016 17:00:46" Pulsar.mp4 The first pulsar was observed on November 28, 1967 at the Mullard Radio Astronomy Observatory by Jocelyn Burnell and Antony Hewish. A pulsar is a highly magnetized neutron star which emits an energetic beam of electromagnetic radiation as it rotates. The
"27.11.2016 17:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post On November 27, 1972, the U.S. Geological Survey (USGS) made history when they released a compilation of 1500 images used to create the first entire (global) map of Mars - this was the first detailed map of another planet. The photos were taken by Mariner
"26.11.2016 17:01:27" Shatner Hosts Curiosity's 'Grand Entrance' to Mars.mp4 November 26, 2016, is the fifth anniversary of the launch of the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL), also known as Curiosity. A picture perfect launch atop an Atlas V-541 rocket got MSL's 566 million kilometer journey to the red planet underway. But unlike
"25.11.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On September 21, 2014, SpaceX launched a Dragon spacecraft on their Falcon rocket, on a resupply mission to International Space Station. Included in the 5,000 pounds of cargo was a 3-D printer.
Two months later, on November 25, 2014, the printer
"24.11.2016 17:00:07" Timeline Photos On November 24, 1969, the crew of Apollo 12 successfully splashed down in the Pacific Ocean. The crew of three, Pete Conrad, Dick Gordon, and Alan Bean, spent ten days away from Earth; a day and a half of which Conrad and Bean spent on the surface of the
"23.11.2016 17:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
State of Michigan House of Representatives Resolution Number 140
Subject: Gemini IV Mission
Date: June 4, 1965
The State of Michigan House of Representatives adopted House Resolution No. 104 on June 4, 1965. This award was to
"22.11.2016 19:45:02" Timeline Photos President Barack Obama has selected Margaret Hamilton to receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom, the nation's highest civilian honor, for her contributions to Apollo 11, the first mission to land humans on the Moon. A computer scientist in an emerging
"22.11.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos The European Space Agency (ESA) launched three identical satellites as part of the Swarm mission three years ago today on November 22, 2013. Equipped with magnetometers, accelerometers, and electrical field detectors, these satellites plow through Earth's
"21.11.2016 17:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post NASA Goddard Space Flight Center announced on this day (November 21) in 1978, that the third International Sun-Earth Explorer, ISEE-3, had been successfully injected into a halo orbit at Sun-Earth Lagrange point 1 (L1). This was the first spacecraft to
"20.11.2016 17:00:03" Photos from NASA History's post The first component of the International Space Station (ISS) was placed in orbit 18 years ago on November 20, 1998. Known as the Functional Cargo Block, FGB (the Russian initials for Functional Cargo Block), and as the Zarya Module, this first piece of
"19.11.2016 17:00:01" Timeline Photos American astronauts made history for a second time on November 19, 1969, when Apollo 12 Commander Pete Conrad and Lunar Module Pilot Alan Bean landed on the Moon.
It was a little rocky on the way there. During launch on November 14, their Saturn V was
"18.11.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On November 18, 1989 the Cosmic Background Explorer (COBE) launched aboard a Delta rocket. One of the most sophisticated satellites in existence at the time, COBE carried three instruments to study the cosmic microwave background radiation (CMB). COBE was
"17.11.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On November 17, 1993, Russian Space Agency head Yuri Koptev announced that Russia would take part in the creation of a Space Station in cooperation with the United States and other western partners. Of course, this is what would become the International
"16.11.2016 17:48:34" Timeline Photos If you had looked skyward on November 16, 2004, you might have been lucky enough to briefly catch a streak of metal shooting across the sky at about 11,000 kph (7,000 mph). That streak would have been NASA's X-43A hypersonic research vehicle, which
"15.11.2016 17:00:01" Timeline Photos On November 15, 1999, sky watchers had a treat: seeing a transit of Mercury. A transit is when an astronomical object passes in front of the Sun as viewed from Earth. The only planets we can see transit the Sun are Mercury and Venus because they are the
"14.11.2016 17:00:02" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Robert C. Seamans, Jr., NASA Deputy Administrator
Re: Gemini Program; Record of Accomplishments
Date: January 17, 1967
When NASA was formed in 1958, the original plans were to fly humans first in Project Mercury,
"13.11.2016 17:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On November 13, 1948, Harry Ross presented a paper he wrote to the British Interplanetary Society in London. This paper highlighted the ideas of a space station and crewed lunar landings - both of which happened much later in time. A space station
"12.11.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Just two years ago on November 12, 2014 the European Space Agency's (ESA) Philae Lander touched down on the nucleus of Comet 67P. Although Philae's separation from its parent craft, Rosetta, was successful, as was its descent to 67P, Philae failed to
"11.11.2016 17:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Thomas Paine, Former NASA Administrator
To: President Richard Nixon
Date: November 2, 1973
From: Richard Nixon
To: Thomas Paine
Date: January 14, 1974
Thomas Paine was the NASA Administrator and Richard Nixon was
"10.11.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Communication with the Mars Phoenix Lander ended on November 10, 2008 just over 5 months after it reached the surface. With the shorter days, and colder nights experienced at its landing site near the Martian north pole, Phoenix had little hope of keeping
"09.11.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post On November 9, 1967, the Saturn V rocket was launched for the first time. It remains the most powerful rocket to have ever flown successfully and was primarily used in the Apollo program to launch astronauts to the Moon (L) and for launching the Skylab
"08.11.2016 17:00:01" Timeline Photos On November 8, 2005, the European Space Agency's (ESA) Venus Express launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome in Kazakhstan to the second planet from the Sun. It was the seventh successful Venus orbiting spacecraft and the first to leave Earth since the Magellan
"07.11.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Fifty-three years ago today on November 7, 1963, the Apollo program executed its first test of the Apollo launch escape system (LES) in White Sands, New Mexico. This test determined the stability of the escape configuration.
The LES was designed so that
"06.11.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos The X-1E research aircraft flew for the last time on November 6, 1958. The last of the X-1 series planes, the X-1E flew a total of 26 times over its 3-year career. With expert research pilot Joe Walker at the helm for the vast majority of these flights,
"05.11.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos 101 years ago today, on November 5, 1915, Lieutenant Commander Henry Mustin made the first aircraft catapult launch from a moving ship. He launched from the USS North Carolina in an AB-2 flying boat while it was steaming at 5 knots off the coast of
"04.11.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos On November 4, 2003 the largest solar flare ever recorded was observed bursting from the Sun's western limb. Fortunately, the storm of particles released by the flare largely missed the Earth. But, the effects of the flare were still intense enough to
"03.11.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Lewis Strauss, Chairman of the Atomic Energy Commission (AEC)
To: Jerome Hunsaker, Chairman of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)
Date: October 27, 1954
After World War II, many innovative ideas for
"02.11.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Exactly 5,844 days ago - on November 2, 2000, Expedition 1 docked with the International Space Station (ISS). The crew of three, Commander Bill Shepherd and Flight Engineers Yuri Gidzenko and Sergei Krikalev, rode aboard the Soyuz TM-31 to begin their
"01.11.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Wind satellite was launched on the first day of November in 1994. With an originally planned mission duration of three to five years, Wind is still continuing to produce data. Mission operations are
"31.10.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Happy Birthday to the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)!
80 years ago on Halloween 1936, the group of California Institute of Technology (Caltech) students and enthusiasts that would become JPL conducted its first liquid fueled rocket test. 22 years
"30.10.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On October 30, 1964 NASA research pilot Joe Walker climbed into a very strange contraption. The machine was called the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV) or sometimes the "Flying Bedstead." The spindly, four-legged research craft was designed to
"29.10.2016 16:00:02" Photos from NASA History's post It's Halloween weekend! Did you know that the orange suits astronauts wore for launch and landing on the Space Shuttle were called Advanced Crew Escape Suits (ACES)? Or, as they are more colorfully known around NASA – pumpkin suits.
The "pumpkin suit"
"28.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
Re: NASA and UFOs during the Carter Administration
From/To: Frank Press, Director for Office of Science and Technology Policy, Executive Office of the White House
To/From: Robert Frosch, Administrator of National Aeronautics
"27.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's Swift spacecraft detected its 1,000th gamma-ray burst (GRB) on October 27, 2015. GRBs are the most powerful explosions in the universe, believed to occur in a massive star whose core has no more fuel
"26.10.2016 16:00:07" Timeline Photos Today in 1977 (October 26), the Space Shuttle orbiter Enterprise (OV-101) landed on a narrow runway at Edwards Air Force Base in California after a 2 minute, 1 second flight. In doing so it completed its final glide test and the last of the Approach and
"25.10.2016 16:00:06" Timeline Photos Gemini VI, crewed by Mercury veteran Wally Schirra and then-rookie astronaut Tom Stafford, was originally scheduled to launch on this day (October 25) in 1965. The plan was to follow an uncrewed Atlas-Agena Target Vehicle (ATV) into orbit and make the
"24.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post On October 24, 1946, scientists at the White Sands Missile Range in New Mexico were anxiously awaiting the retrieval of some camera film from V-2 #13 which they launched earlier that day. The rocket, one of dozens captured from the Germans after the end
"23.10.2016 16:00:02" Photos from NASA History's post On October 23, 2013, ESA - European Space Agency's Planck Space Telescope was turned off after almost 4.5 years of operation. It had launched from the Kourou Space Center in French Guiana on May 14, 2009.
Planck's purpose was to further improve our
"22.10.2016 16:00:10" Timeline Photos Today in 1968 (October 22), Apollo 7 splashed down in the western Atlantic Ocean where it was met by the waiting USS Essex and its retrieval crew. The mission had met all of its objectives over the course of its eleven days in orbit. The crew even had
"21.10.2016 16:49:35" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Robert S. Kraemer, Acting Director of Planetary Programs
To: John E. Naugle, Associate Administrator for Space Science and Applications
Date: April 9, 1970
In early 1970, the Jet Propulsion Laboratory proposed to use
"20.10.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Today in 1995 (October 20), after a series of delays, Space Shuttle Columbia launched on mission STS-73 from NASA's Kennedy Space Center. It was originally scheduled to launch on September 25, but that launch was scrubbed. It was then rescheduled for
"19.10.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (October 19) in 1967, the Mariner 5 spacecraft flew by Venus. The probe was originally built as a backup for the Mariner 4 Mars mission, but thanks to that mission's success, Mariner 5 was modified to become a Venus mission.
"18.10.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On October 18, 1967, the fourth Orbiting Solar Observatory (OSO-4) launched from Cape Canaveral. It was one of a total of 8 nearly-identical satellites that NASA launched between the years 1962 and 1975 to better study the sun. The satellites were
"17.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post 51 years ago, on October 17, 1965, NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration sponsored an investigation of comet Ikeya-Seki. A "sun grazing" comet, Ikeya-Seki was on a trajectory that would bring it within 450 thousand kilometers of the Sun's
"16.10.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos At 1:45pm (Eastern Standard Time - the middle of the night in Kazahkstan) on October 16, 1976, the two Cosmonauts, Vyacheslav Zudov and Valeri Rozhdestvensky, inside the Soyuz 23 return capsule did not hear the dull thud of a ground landing. What they
"15.10.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post 7 years ago today (October 15, 2009), NASA released the first comprehensive map of our Solar System using data from the IBEX (Interstellar Boundary EXplorer) spacecraft. (Image below)
The map represents six months of data gathered by detectors on IBEX.
"14.10.2016 16:00:06" Timeline Photos Today in 1947 (October 14), U.S. Air Force test pilot Chuck Yeager became the first human being to "break the sound barrier." In his bullet-shaped Bell X-1 (nicknamed Glamorous Glennis, after his wife) Yeager entered the history books at just over the
"14.10.2016 12:30:06" Timeline Photos On October 14, 1968, the Apollo 7 crew Wally Schirra, Walt Cunningham and Donn Eisele transmitted the first live television broadcast from a piloted spacecraft.
It started with the crew holding a sign that read "From the lovely Apollo room high atop
"13.10.2016 16:00:14" Timeline Photos On this day (October 13) in 1975, at a news conference in Washington, DC, for the Apollo-Soyuz Test Project crews, NASA astronaut Deke Slayton, commented on the prospects of human flight to Mars. Slayton was convinced that such a mission was inevitable
"12.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: T. Keith Glennan, Administrator, National Aeronautics and Space Administration
Date: September 25, 1958
After the launch of Sputnik and the publicity surrounding it, the Eisenhower administration moved quickly to
"11.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Today, October 11, marks the 58th anniversary of NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration's first official launch, Pioneer 1. NASA had been created just 11 days earlier, on October 1, 1958,
An attempted launch of a Pioneer probe two months
"10.10.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On October 10, 1846, British astronomer William Lassell discovered the moon Triton in orbit around the planet Neptune only 17 days after Neptune itself was discovered. Triton is unique in our solar system. It is the only large moon with a retrograde orbit
"09.10.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post On October 9, 1604, night sky observers in northern Italy saw Kepler's supernova for the first time. Kepler's name was not applied to this object because he discovered it. In Prague, meteorologist J. Brunowski, who had seen it earlier himself, told
"08.10.2016 16:00:01" www.eisenhower.archives.gov www.eisenhower.archives.gov On October 4, 1957 the USSR launched Sputnik, the first human made object to orbit the Earth. On October 8, 1957, President Eisenhower met with his most senior advisors to discuss the implications of the Soviet launch.
The group discussed how America
"07.10.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos Today in 1958 (October 7), Project Mercury was established. This landmark project put the second person and first American in space, Alan Shepard, on May 5, 1961, aboard the Freedom 7 spacecraft. It later sent five other astronauts into space, all part of
"06.10.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: John A. O'Keefe, Chief of Research and Analysis for the Geodetic Division of the US Army Map Service
To: Wernher von Braun, US Army Ballistic Missile Agency, Redstone Arsenal
Date: November 10, 1956
Even though the US
"05.10.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On October 5, 1923, Edwin Hubble discovered a Cepheid variable star in what was then known as the Andromeda Nebula. A Cepheid is a type of star that varies in diameter and temperature, which then change its brightness in a predictable way. The known
"04.10.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos Today in 1978 (October 4), the Space Shuttle orbiter Enterprise was lifted into the Dynamic Test Stand at NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center to begin the Mated Vertical Ground Vibration Test (MVGVT).
This test, which required the orbiter to be mated
"04.10.2016 13:37:01" American Historical Association Congratulations to the recipients of the 2016-17 AHA fellowships! The winner of the J. Franklin Jameson Fellowship in American History, supporting research at the The Library of Congress, is Joseph Malherek, who earned his PhD from the American Studies Congratulations to Greg Eghigian - winner of the AHA/NASA Fellowship in Aerospace History!
"03.10.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On October 3, 2007, the Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) took a photo of Earth and the Moon in the same frame with the High Resolution Imaging Science Experiment (HiRISE) camera. At the time MRO was in orbit around Mars!
When this picture was taken,
"02.10.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos NASA History is celebrating Hispanic Heritage Month by highlighting some of NASA's best and brightest. Since its inception NASA has relied on a diversity of perspectives, minds, and talents to remain at the forefront of discovery. So thanks to all of the
"01.10.2016 16:00:35" NASA - First Day Happy birthday to us!
On October 1, 1958, NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration opened for business.
NASA was created on the basis of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and parts of other government agencies involved
"30.09.2016 20:02:55" Rosetta Mission Mission complete #CometLanding Rosetta - one for the history books!
So long and thanks for all the data
"30.09.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Robert A. Frosch, NASA Administrator
To: William Proxmire, Chairman, Subcommittee on HUD-Independent Agencies, Committee on Appropriations, United States Senate
Re: Skylab Reboost or Deorbit
Date: December 12, 1978
"29.09.2016 18:28:16" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Our Armstrong Flight Research Center got its start in September 1946 when our predecessor, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics, sent 13 engineers and support staff to assist in the quest for supersonic flight: http://go.nasa.gov/2daRzyq
"29.09.2016 04:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On September 29, 2009, the MESSENGER spacecraft made its third and last trajectory-adjusting flyby of Mercury. The next time MESSENGER approached Mercury, in early 2011, it would fire its engine and drop into orbit around the planet closest to the Sun.
"28.09.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos At 7:15 pm (Eastern Time) on September 28, 2008, a SpaceX Falcon 1 rocket successfully launched a satellite into orbit from Kwajalein Atoll in the western Pacific. Following three failed attempts, this fourth attempt with the Falcon 1 made it the first
"27.09.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On September 27, 2007, NASA Dawn Mission became the first spacecraft to launch on a mission to closely study multiple objects our solar system's asteroid belt. The primary targets have been the asteroid Vesta and the dwarf planet Ceres. The primary goal
"26.09.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Tragedy was narrowly avoided on September 26, 1983, when the Launch Escape System (LES) of a Soyuz rocket bound for Salyut 7 activated and saved the crew. This was the first and only time in the history of rocketry that an LES has been used to save a
"26.09.2016 14:44:04" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1998: GOES-8 captured this infrared image of Hurricanes Georges, Karl, Ivan, and Jeanne. Learn more about how meteorological satellites help us learn about Earth: http://s.si.edu/2cy8hub
"25.09.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On September 25, 1992, NASA launched the Mars Observer. The mission lasted nearly a year until contact was lost with the craft on August 21, 1993 after traveling 725 million kilometers. It was only three days before the probe was planned to enter orbit
"24.09.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On March 7, 2002, astronauts Jim Newman and Mike Massimino completed installing the Advanced Camera for Surveys (ACS) onto the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) during Shuttle mission STS-109. In doing so, they not only replaced the last original instrument
"23.09.2016 16:00:09" Timeline Photos 170 years ago, on September 23, 1846, Johann Galle discovered Neptune. Neptune is the eighth and outermost planet as well as the fourth largest in our Solar System.
Neptune was originally predicted by John Couch Adams and Urbain Le Verrier. They noticed
"22.09.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Peter A. Cerreta
Re: Last flight of the X-24B
From August 1, 1973 until November 26, 1975 NASA tested the X-24B lifting body aircraft at the Dryden Flight Research Center (now NASA's Armstrong Flight
"21.09.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On September 21, 2003, the Galileo spacecraft completed its nearly 14 year mission by falling into Jupiter's atmosphere at 106,000 mph (29.4 miles per second)! Launched by Space Shuttle Atlantis in 1989 (STS-34), the Galileo probe was the first spacecraft
"20.09.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On September 20, 2013, NASA's Deep Impact Mission was declared over after a month of no contact with the craft. Having launched in January 2005, the Deep Impact spacecraft had spent nearly nine years in space producing far more scientific data than
"19.09.2016 18:47:21" Timeline Photos On September 19, 2007, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft spotted a wide coronal hole, an area of the Sun's corona that's darker and colder than average because of the low energy and gas levels.
Strong solar wind gusts can escape
"19.09.2016 16:00:02" On September 19, 2007, the Solar and Heliospheric Observatory (SOHO) spacecraft spotted a wide coronal hole, an area of the Sun's corona that's darker and colder than average because of the low energy and gas levels.
Strong solar wind gusts can escape
"18.09.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On September 18, 1959, Vanguard 3 was launched from Cape Canaveral at 12:20:07 am (Eastern Time).
Launched into Earth orbit, its main tasks were to measure the Earth's magnetic field, solar X-ray radiation and its effect on Earth's atmosphere, density
"17.09.2016 16:00:06" Timeline Photos On September 17, 1959, Scott Crossfield piloted the first powered X-15 flight at Edwards Air Force Base in California.
This high speed research program was conducted by NASA in conjunction with the Air Force, the Navy and North American Aviation, Inc.
"16.09.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos Today (September 16) marks the 14th anniversary of NASA awarding an $824 million contract to TRW (later purchased by Northrop Grumman Space Technologies) to build the James Webb Space Telescope (JWST). Scheduled to launch in late 2018 on the European
"16.09.2016 13:30:03" history.nasa.gov history.nasa.gov Anniversaries, archive updates, and adventurous interns—we've been busy.
See what the NASA History program has been up to in our third quarter 'News & Notes' newsletter:
View current and previous editions here:
"15.09.2016 16:00:07" Timeline Photos Today marks the 50th anniversary of the completion of the Gemini XI mission. Astronauts Pete Conrad and Dick Gordon spent almost three days in orbit proving the technology and techniques needed to get humanity to the Moon and back on this penultimate
"14.09.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Raymond G.H. Seitz, Charge d'Affaires, US Embassy, London
To: James C. Fletcher, NASA Administrator
Date: July 20, 1987
In late June of 1987 astronaut Charlie Bolden and his wife Jackie traveled to the United Kingdom
"13.09.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On September 13, 1959, the Soviet spacecraft Luna 2 became the first human made object to reach the surface of another heavenly body. Launched from the Baikonur Cosmodrome on September 12, the small probe flew 36 hours on a direct path to the lunar
"12.09.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos On this day, September 12, in 1962 at Rice University President John F. Kennedy delivered perhaps the most rousing and widely quoted space policy speech ever made. The most famous line from this speech was: "We choose to go to the Moon in this decade and
"11.09.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos International Sun-Earth Explorer-3 (ISEE-3) was a spacecraft with several lives. Launched on August 12, 1978, ISEE-3 spent four years in a halo orbit around the Earth's Lagrange point one (L1) examining the relationship between the Earth and the Sun. It
"10.09.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos At 7:33 pm (EDT) September 10, 2013 the Soyuz TMA-08M undocked from the International Space Station (ISS) carrying Pavel Vinogradov (Russian Space Agency), Alexander Misurkin (Russian Space Agency), and Chris Cassidy (NASA). This marked the end of one of
"09.09.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On September 9, 1978, the Soviet Union's probe Venera 11 launched toward Venus. After four months of travel across the inner solar system, Venera 11 touched down on the Venusian surface on Christmas Day. The lander was designed to record temperatures,
"08.09.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Walter E. Whitaker, Audio-Visual Officer, Educational Programs Division, Office of Public Affairs
To: Edward Milkis, Assistant Producer, STAR TREK, Desilu Studios
Re: Approval from NASA for the use of NASA film
"08.09.2016 13:05:34" National Air and Space Museum, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Smithsonian 50 Years Ago Today: "Star Trek" (The Original Series) debuted in the U.S. on NBC. The 11-foot studio model used in filming was not only a setting in this show but also became a beloved character and television star of the 1960s.
How has #StarTrek Inspiring us for 50 years - the continuing mission...
"07.09.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos In the late '60s, NASA carried out three Biosatellite missions in low Earth orbit as part of our efforts to learn about the effects of radiation and weightlessness on Earth organisms. Biosat 2, which launched September 7, 1967, was the first of these
"06.09.2016 16:56:03" Timeline Photos In December 1995, just over six years after its launch on October 18,1989, the Galileo spacecraft arrived in orbit around Jupiter. As the first spacecraft to orbit the gas giant, Galileo was tasked with investigating the mysteries of the Jovian atmosphere
"04.09.2016 21:00:01" nasa.gov Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, 1997–2011 Volume 2 Following the first volume of Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, which recounted the period from the first spacewalks in 1965 to the end of the Shuttle-Mir program in 1997, this second volume of Walking to Olympus spans the period from 1997 to the end In case you missed it, we just released our newest monograph, Walking to Olympus. Learn about the EVAs that repaired Hubble Space Telescope and constructed the International Space Station!
Get your free copy of our e-book at:
"03.09.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Forty years ago today, on September 3, 1976, the Viking 2 lander began its descent to the Martian surface. The lander separated from the Viking orbiter 1500 km above Mars and only a few hours later successfully touched down at its target landing site,
"02.09.2016 12:30:06" Timeline Photos At the behest of Russian President Boris Yeltsin and US President Bill Clinton, Vice President Al Gore and Prime Minister Viktor Chernomyrdin came together to chair the first U.S.-Russian Joint Commission on Energy and Space in September of 1993. Also
"01.09.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Thomas Young Director of the Planetary Division, Office of Space Science, NASA Headquarters
To: Charles F. Hall, Pioneer Project Manager, Ames Research Center (ARC)
Re: Pioneer 11 Saturn Trajectory
Date: December 1,
"01.09.2016 14:00:02" nasa.gov Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, 1997–2011 Volume 2 Following the first volume of Walking to Olympus: An EVA Chronology, which recounted the period from the first spacewalks in 1965 to the end of the Shuttle-Mir program in 1997, this second volume of Walking to Olympus spans the period from 1997 to the end Check out our newest monograph Walking to Olympus an EVA Chronology!
Free e-book - download it now.
For a free printed copy (you have to pay postage) contact the NASA Headquarters Information Center:
"31.08.2016 16:00:06" Timeline Photos Opened in 1948, the 8- by 6-foot (8X6) supersonic wind tunnel at the Lewis Flight Propulsion Laboratory (now the Glenn Research Center) has performed some of the world's most advanced transonic aerodynamics research. Lovingly called, "an 87,000-horsepower
"30.08.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos Four years ago today the Van Allen Probes were launched from Cape Canaveral to begin their mission examining the Van Allen Radiation Belt. The twin spacecraft were placed in a highly elliptical orbit along the Earth's equator between 375 mi at perigee and
"29.08.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Happy Birthday to both Tom Marshburn and Chris Hadfield. Born on the same day (August 29) a year apart (1960 and 1959 respectively) in different countries (US and Canada) they wound up together on International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 35.
"28.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos When most people think of moons, they think of large, round bodies orbiting around an even larger planet. However, small bodies like asteroids can have moons as well. On its first trip through the asteroid belt on the long, looping journey out to Jupiter,
"28.08.2016 00:00:04" youtube.com NASA Viking Missions to Mars Preview Full Program Airs Saturday, August 27, 2016 at 10:30pm ET & Sunday, August 28, 2016 at 4:30pm ET. For More Information: https://www.c-span.org/series/?ahtv DId you miss the Viking 40th Anniversary history panel last month?
You can catch it again, tonight (August 27) at 10:30 pm Eastern Time, and again Sunday, August 28, at 4:30 pm Eastern time on C-Span 3 - American History
"27.08.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On August 27, 1962, the Mariner 2 probe launched to Venus. Despite the initial failure of Mariner 1 just after launch a month earlier, Mariner 2 made it safely onto the trajectory for our neighboring planet. Later that year, in December, it successfully
"26.08.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos 2 years ago today, on August 26, 2014, NASA completed a series of tests on one of the largest composite cryogenic fuel tanks ever made.
The tank was designed to hold 30,000 gallons of -423 °F liquid hydrogen and withstand between 20-53 pounds per square
"26.08.2016 15:20:22" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Legendary NASA mathematician Katherine Johnson turns 98 today! In this video, actress Taraji P. Henson, who plays Johnson in the film "Hidden Figures," describes some key numbers in Johnson's life. https://youtu.be/ECHTuvrgFRg Happy Birthday Katherine Johnson!
"25.08.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Happy Birthday Spitzer Space Telescope!
NASA's journey to “To grasp the wonders of the cosmos, and understand its infinite variety and splendor” grew dramatically with the creation of the Great Observatories program, a series of four space-borne
"24.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos For 76 years, school children were taught that our solar system had nine planets, Mercury, Venus, Earth, Mars, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, Neptune, and Pluto. Ten years ago today (August 24, 2006), Pluto lost its planetary status and the world's perception
"24.08.2016 13:17:40" appel.nasa.gov NASA Academy of Program/Project and Engineering Leadership (APPEL) A great piece on 1960s creative flight research at (what is now) Armstrong Flight Research Center.
"23.08.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Document of the Week
Top Secret Memorandum of Conference(now declassified)
From: Colonel A.J. Goodpaster
Re: International Geophysical Year Satellite
Date: July 27, 1955
This document records the decisions made by President Eisenhower in July 1955 to
"22.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos The legendary X-15 was the product of a hypersonic flight research program conducted by NASA, the U.S. Air Force, the U.S. Navy, and North American Aviation, Inc. The primary purpose of the X-15 was to research flight at extremely high speeds, but the
"21.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Human spaceflight missions have come to be known through their patches. When the world thinks of Apollo 11, they think of an eagle grasping an olive branch. However, the tradition of crew-designed patches patches didn't begin until Gemini V. Astronauts
"20.08.2016 16:00:00" Timeline Photos Collaboration can bring untold benefits to almost any endeavor. The world of commercial satellites is no exception. On August 20, 1964, eleven countries came together to create international broadcasting services. They named this group the International
"19.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Happy Birthday NASA Administrator, Charles Frank Bolden Jr. (better known to us as Charlie).
A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy (Class of 1968) he was commissioned into the U.S. Marine Corps. He earned the wings of a Naval aviator in 1970, and went on
"18.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On August 18, 1994, STS-68 (Shuttle Endeavour) was scheduled to launch on an 11 day mission with the Space Radar Laboratory payload. The Shuttle was ready for launch. The crew, Commander Mike Baker, Pilot Terry Wilcutt, Payload Commander Tom Jones,
"17.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Happy Birthday to Legendary NASA Flight Director Gene Kranz!
Kranz wound up at NASA in 1960 after responding to a “help wanted” advertisement he saw in the magazine Aviation Week. He was hired for the newly formed Space Task Group at NASA's Langley
"16.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Document of the Week
From: Herbert J. Rowe, Associate Administrator for External Affairs
To: Nichelle Nichols
Re: Viking 1 Landing
Date: August 17, 1976
Actress Nichelle Nichols portrayed Lieutenant Uhura in the popular 1960s television series
"16.08.2016 14:06:25" European Space History On this day: 16 August 1983, ESA's Spacelab 1 was integrated with Space Shuttle Columbia at Kennedy Space Center, in preparation for its flight aboard STS-9 in November 1983. ESA developed Spacelab as a manned scientific laboratory to fly on NASA's Space
"15.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Voyager 1 has flown where no spacecraft has flown before, and on August 15, 2006, at 5:13 p.m. Eastern Time, Voyager 1 reached 100 astronomical units away from the sun. The spacecraft, then nearly 3 decades after launch, was 9.3 billion miles (100 times
"14.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Fifty years ago today, on August 14, 1966, the Lunar Orbiter 1 spacecraft became the first U.S. craft to orbit the Moon. This was only 133 days after the Soviet Luna 10 became the Moon's first artificial satellite.
The American spacecraft spent 76 days
"13.08.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Although the world celebrated when the crew of Apollo 11 arrived safely on Earth in July 1969, there wasn't a chance to celebrate with them, because they were in quarantine for 21 days after the mission. After the astronauts were finally released on
"12.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On August 12, 1960, NASA sent a 100-foot balloon into Earth orbit. Made of a relatively new plastic material called Mylar with a thin aluminum coating, the Echo 1 balloon became the world's first passive communications satellite.
While it traveled in
"11.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Astronomers in the 19th century were certain that Mars had no moon. Asaph Hall, an astronomer at the U.S. Naval Observatory in Washington, DC, was not convinced. In August 1877 he began his search. After a few failures and cloudy nights, however, he was
"10.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos When President John F. Kennedy challenged Congress in May 1961to put a man on the moon by the end of the decade, the Apollo Program had already been underway for about a year as a long-term development project. The new deadline created some significant
"09.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos 16 years ago, the European Space Agency launched a mission intended to explore the Earth's magnetosphere. This mission was named “Cluster II”, because four years prior, the first Ariane 5 rocket carrying the Cluster I satellites failed during launch. The
"08.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos At any given moment, a stream of highly energetic charged particles is flowing outwards from the Sun at speeds up to a million miles per hour. While scientists have theorized about this solar wind for centuries, the space age finally provided
"07.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On this day in 1997, the Space Shuttle Discovery launched carrying the crew of STS-85 into space. Its primary payload was the Cryogenic Infrared Spectrometers and Telescopes for the Atmosphere-Shuttle Pallet Satellite 2, also known as CRISTA-SPAS-2. The
"06.08.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On August 6, 2012, the Mars Science Laboratory rover Curiosity landed on Mars. In the past four years, the rover has driven over eight miles on the Martian surface, performing experiments to determine whether Mars could have ever supported life.
"05.08.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Happy birthday Neil Armstrong!
The late engineer, test pilot and astronaut led an extraordinary life. Armstrong took flight for the first time at six years old as a passenger at the Warren Airfield in Ohio. Although his older brother got airsick,
"05.08.2016 12:47:04" International Space Station NASA Astronaut Jeff Williams, who is scheduled to return to Earth Sept. 6, will break NASA Astronaut Scott Kelly's record of 520 cumulative days in space on Aug. 24. Making history every day at NASA....
"04.08.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos The Mars Phoenix lander launched from Earth on August 4, 2007. Though its primary mission was to study the soil of the polar regions of Mars, the lander carried more than just scientific instruments. Like the Golden Records sent into outer space with
"03.08.2016 17:36:52" Timeline Photos Approximately 56 million miles away from Earth, Mercury is the closest planet in our solar system to the sun. One of the “wandering stars”, the dense, rocky planet shines brightly in the sky at dawn or dusk and has captured the imaginations of humans
"03.08.2016 14:51:36" HISTORY We're LIVE with NASA Astronaut Jeff Williams & Astronaut Kate Rubins from the International Space Station!
"02.08.2016 16:00:02" www.youtube.com Apollo 15 Hammer-Feather Drop At the end of the last Apollo 15 moon walk, Commander David Scott (pictured above) performed a live demonstration for the television cameras. He held out a geologic hammer and a feather and dropped them at the same time. The Apollo astronauts performed many experiments during their time on the lunar surface. From sample collection to laser ranging retroreflectors to studies of cosmic rays, the astronauts spent much of their time on the Moon's surface gathering knowledge
"01.08.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (August 1) is the anniversary of the day in 1786 that British astronomer Caroline Herschel discovered her first comet.
At age 10, Caroline Lucretia Herschel was struck with typhus. Her growth was stunted and she never grew past 4 foot 3 inches.
"31.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos As NASA looks to the future, its sights are set on the journey to Mars. This journey is built on a long history of Mars exploration—when humans take off to Mars in the 2030s, they will be carrying over 70 years of history with them. Today marks a number
"30.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On the night of July 30 in 1610, Galileo pointed his telescope towards the heavens and made a strange observation, the “wandering star” Saturn was flanked by two orbs. Galileo concluded that the heavenly body had moons, or “companions”.
"29.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On July 29, 1960, the same day that NASA launched the first Mercury-Atlas test flight (which failed at 58 seconds after launch), Project Apollo was announced by NASA at a conference with industry.
Apollo, an advanced crewed spacecraft program, was set
"29.07.2016 12:50:29" European Space History On this day: 29 July 2014, ESA's ATV Georges Lemaître (named after the Belgian scientist who formulated the Big Bang Theory) lifted off on an Ariane 5 ES rocket from Kourou in French Guiana - this was the fifth and final Automated Transfer Vehicle to the
"28.07.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
From: Richard S. Young, NASA Director of Planetary Biology and Quarantine
To: David L. Winter, NASA Director for Life Sciences
Re: Viking Biology Experiment Summary
Date: January 21, 1977
The first of the two Viking Mars
"27.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos The experimental Highly Maneuverable Aircraft Technology (HiMAT) project, a joint project between NASA and the Air Force, began in 1973. In 1975, the contract for constructing two small-scale remotely piloted HiMAT vehicles was awarded to Rockwell
"26.07.2016 16:51:23" Timeline Photos For the first of three Apollo lunar landing missions (Apollo 11, 12 & 14), the astronauts were confined to the small area of lunar surface surrounding their landing sites. That ended with the crew of Apollo 15.
On July 26, 1971, Apollo 15 launched with
"25.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos A 37-year old aircraft designer and pilot named Louis Bleriot made history by being the first to successfully fly across the English Channel on July 25, 1909.
The London Daily Mail had offered a £1000 prize to the first person to cross the channel
"24.07.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post July 24, 1969 at 12:50 p.m. ET, the Apollo 11 crew of Collins, Aldrin, and Armstrong returned to Earth after the first crewed lunar landing mission. Since the astronauts would be the first to return from an extraterrestrial surface, there was an unlikely
"23.07.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Document of the Week:
A Photo from the NASA Headquarters Historical Reference Collection:
North American Aviation engineers on a California runway test a mockup of the Gemini parasail landing system, 1962
Having required 25 U.S. Navy ships to
"22.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Venera 8 landed on Venus on July 22, 1972, sending back data about its surface for an hour before succumbing to the harsh climate.
Venera, the Russian word for Venus, was a series of Soviet space probes developed between 1961 and 1984 to observe Venus
"21.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Air Force Lieutenant Colonel Virgil I. Grissom preferred to be called "Gus." Grissom was chosen to be one of NASA's original Mercury astronauts in 1959. The experienced test pilot had his first chance to fly into space on July 21, 1961.
Alan Shepard had
"20.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Forty years ago today, the Viking 1 lander touched down on the surface of Mars. It was the first spacecraft to successfully land and operate on the Red planet.
Viking 1 was the first of two Mars missions launched by NASA in 1975. Both were composed of
"19.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos In the seventeenth century, Giovanni Cassini discovered four of Saturn's moons and a division in its rings. In 1997, a space probe named after Cassini took off from Earth, heading to Saturn. Seven years later, Cassini became the first spacecraft to orbit
"18.07.2016 16:04:54" Timeline Photos Fifty years ago today, in 1966, the Gemini X crew (John Young and Michael Collins) launched into orbit atop a Titan launch vehicle. At 101 minutes prior to their launch, the Agena Target Vehicle (ATV) was launched atop an Atlas rocket. The ATV served as
"17.07.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On July 17, 1984, Soyuz T-12 launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome, carrying aloft Svetlana Savitskaya, the second woman in space on her second spaceflight. This made her the first woman to travel to space more than once. During the 12-day mission, Savitskaya
"16.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On July 16, 1969 at 9:32 a.m. Eastern Time, the Apollo 11 crew of Armstrong, Aldrin, and Collins launched toward the Moon. The astronauts were not the only payload atop the Saturn V rocket. Many earthly objects were brought along on their historic trip to
"15.07.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post At 8:20 a.m. Eastern Time on July 15, 1975, a Soviet Soyuz spacecraft launched from Baikonur Cosmodrome. Seven thousand miles away and seven and a half hours later, an Apollo spacecraft took off from Kennedy Space Center. The two spacecraft met more than
"14.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos One year ago today, the New Horizons space probe passed 7,800 miles (12,500 km) above the surface of Pluto, becoming the first spacecraft to explore the dwarf planet and its moons.
New Horizons launched from Cape Canaveral on January 19, 2006. On its
"13.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos After World War II, research into rockets and missiles intensified. On July 13, 1945, an armed forces circular announced that White Sands Proving Ground had been activated as a testing site for missile research—the first large-scale launch facility in the
"12.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Before going into space, the Mercury 7 astronauts first had to learn how to survive in the desert. On July 12, 1960, the seven astronauts began survival training at the Air Training Command Survival School at Stead Air Force Base in Nevada. Even though
"11.07.2016 17:14:01" Timeline Photos In the summer of 1961, NASA was seriously considering the particulars of getting to the Moon by the end of the decade. One of the first questions on everyone's mind was: “How do we actually get to and from the Moon?” Serious consideration was given to 3
"11.07.2016 12:58:33" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Using a combination of visualization and intuition, see how a NASA engineer revolutionized modern aviation: http://go.nasa.gov/29p0VmP The then-radical supercritical wing looks amazing on this NASA F-8 in this picture from the early 1970s. But, Richard Whitcomb's breakthrough is now incorporated in most new aircraft designs.
"10.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day in 2006, NASA Astronauts Piers Sellers and Mike Fossum (of the STS-121 crew) performed an Extravehicular Activity (EVA, as we say at NASA) - or spacewalk - to deploy a spare pump module and to replace a reel of cable responsible for running
"09.07.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On July 9, 1969, one week before the start of their historic mission, the crew of Apollo 11 arrived in Florida in preparation for the launch.
Neil Armstrong, Buzz Aldrin, and Michael Collins arrived at Patrick Air Force Base in T-38 jets (the same type
"08.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Five years ago today, July 8, 2011, the world watched as Space Shuttle Atlantis launched on her final mission, STS-135. This was the last launch of the Space Shuttle program. The decision to end the Shuttle program was announced by President Bush in
"07.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos July 7, 1914, Robert H. Goddard was granted his very first patent, for a “rocket apparatus.” Patent 1,102,653 describes his concept for the multi-stage rocket. In the patent application Goddard did not mention human spaceflight. The patent reads, “This
"06.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos Solar-electric powered aircraft have made great progress in recent years. Early in the morning on July 7, 2010, a solar-powered aircraft took off for the world's first crewed day long (26-hour) solar-powered flight in Switzerland. Just 3 years later, at
"05.07.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On July 5, 1960, the House Committee on Science and Astronautics discussed America's plans for space travel. The Committee declared: "A high priority program should be undertaken to place a manned expedition on the moon in this decade.” Congress's
"04.07.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On July 4, 1997, the Pathfinder lander touched down on the surface of Mars. Pathfinder, the first successful Mars lander since the Viking program 20 years earlier, launched on December 4, 1996, from Cape Canaveral. After landing seven months later,
"03.07.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos French astronomer Alexis Bouvard published astronomical tables of the orbit of Uranus in 1821. This table made predictions of the future positions of the planet based on Newton's law of motion and gravitation. However, Uranus did not follow this predicted
"02.07.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Twenty-five years ago today, word got out that the Hubble Space Telescope would be receiving "corrective lenses" by 1994, four years after its launch.
The Hubble Space Telescope was carried into space aboard the Space Shuttle Discovery on April 24,
"01.07.2016 18:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
NASA Announcement No. 174.
Re: Establishment of Historical Staff of the NASA in the Office of Technical Information & Educational Programs on July 1, 1960.
Date: July 13, 1960
Circular No. 88
Re: This Circular describes
"01.07.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Happy 40th Anniversary National Air and Space Museum!
The Smithsonian's aeronautical collection began long before the opening of the National Air and Space Museum on July 1, 1976. In fact, 100 years prior to that opening, the Smithsonian received a group
"30.06.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Fifteen years ago today, the Microwave Anisotropy Probe launched from Cape Canaveral. The spacecraft sought to study the cosmic microwave background and got an unprecedented look at the universe's origins and composition. Two years later the probe was
"29.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 29, 1965, then-U.S. Air Force Captain Joe Engle became the youngest pilot (at age 32) ever to qualify to be an astronaut. At the time, the Kansas native was one of the two Air Force pilots assigned to fly the X-15 rocket plane at Edwards Air Force
"28.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Glenn Curtiss was an American aviation pioneer who first experienced flight on June 28, 1907.
Like the Wright Brothers, Curtiss' interest began with bicycles. He began by building, designing, and repairing bicycles, and eventually added motors to create
"28.06.2016 13:22:56" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution In spacedock no longer! Today, the #StarTrek starship Enterprise studio model is back on view and in its new home in the Boeing #MilestonesofFlight Hall at our Museum in Washington, DC. Find out how we finished prepping this 1960's television star for a
"27.06.2016 17:24:54" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
The European Space Research Organization (ESRO), a precursor to the European Space Agency (ESA), was a 10-member group formed to conduct scientific space research. ESRO came into formal existence in March 1964 (the ESRO Convention
"26.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On June 26, 1960, the Pioneer 5 space probe established a communications link with the Earth from a then-record distance of 22.5 million miles - it was the last time we would hear from Pioneer 5. The probe, one of our earliest ventures beyond Earth,
"25.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On June 25, 1992, STS-50 (Columbia) launched from Kennedy Space Center, Florida. The primary payload aboard the Shuttle was the U.S. Microgravity Laboratory-1 (USML-1). The flight of USML-1 led to major advancements in several different disciplines of
"24.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos As rocket-powered research planes began to fly higher and faster, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) began to contemplate the possibility of space flight and how the organization would fit into that new field. On June 24, 1952, the
"23.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Pluto, discovered in 1930, does not occupy the far reaches of our solar system alone. It has 5 known satellites, Charon (identified in 1978), Nix (2005), Hydra(2005), Kerberos (2011), and Styx (2012). The two icy moons, now known as Nix and Hydra, were
"22.06.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post At 9:49 a.m. Eastern Daylight Time on June 22, 1973, the first crew of the Skylab space station splashed down in the Pacific Ocean after a 28-day mission. On board were astronauts Pete Conrad, Joseph Kerwin, and Paul Weitz. It was the fourth and final
"22.06.2016 12:59:12" nasa.gov Transport of Saturn V Rocket Stage to Stennis Space Center a Matter of Real History History both repeated and foreshadowed itself with transport of the S-IC-15 Saturn V rocket stage to NASA's Stennis Space Center this month. A historic piece of NASA hardware moves to a new home.
"21.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos During the 20th Century all human spaceflight, suborbital or otherwise, was conducted by governments. But, on June 21, 2004, the first crewed private spaceflight completed a suborbital mission. SpaceShipOne was an air-launched rocket-powered suborbital
"21.06.2016 13:07:48" European Space History On this day: 21 June 1993, launch of STS-57, a US Space Shuttle mission that retrieved the "EUropean REtrievable CArrier" (EURECA). (Two antenna booms on the payload failed to latch down, so astronaut David Low (pictured) during a spacewalk manually
"20.06.2016 21:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
Viking 1 Mars Orbit Insertion Command Sequence
Date: June 19-20, 1976
Forty years ago this week, the Viking 1 orbiter and lander pair entered Martian orbit. What does a spacecraft have to do to get into orbit of another planet?
"20.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 20, 1966, French President Charles de Gaulle landed in Moscow, beginning a 12-day state visit to the Soviet Union. This visit, said de Gaulle, offered an opportunity for the two countries to “concert their actions toward the unity and the security
"19.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Fifty-five years ago today, the winners of the Harmon Aviator's Trophy were announced. For the first time in the prize's history, the award went to three people, all X-15 pilots: Scott Crossfield, Joseph Walker, and Robert White.
The Harmon Trophy is
"18.06.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On June 18, 1983, the Shuttle Challenger launched from Kennedy Space Center on the STS-7 mission, which was the first American spaceflight to include a woman - Sally Ride.
The mission was the first Shuttle flight to have a five-person crew. Challenger's
"17.06.2016 16:30:04" Timeline Photos At a press conference on June 17, 1993, President Bill Clinton announced his intention to ask Congress to support a cheaper, scaled-down version of Space Station Freedom. Clinton affirmed that the nation could not “retreat from our obligations to invest
"16.06.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On June 16, 1963, 53 years ago, 26-year-old Soviet cosmonaut Valentina Tereshkova became the first woman to fly in space. The U.S.S.R recruited Tereshkova, a textile-factory worker, because of her experience as an amateur parachutist. One of the most
"15.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 15, 1970, the final report of the Apollo 13 Review Board was completed and transmitted to NASA Administrator Dr. Thomas Paine. The preface to the report begins, “The Apollo 13 accident, which aborted man's third mission to explore the surface of
"14.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 14, 1919, Captain John Alcock and Lieutenant Arthur Brown took off in a modified Vickers Vimy IV plane from Newfoundland. Sixteen hours and 27 minutes later, the two landed in Ireland, completing the first nonstop transatlantic flight.
"13.06.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post During the start of Project Gemini, NASA began to consider new designs for spacesuits. The Mercury spacesuits then in use, although reliable, were not adequate for spacewalking (or Extravehicular Activity, EVA). As is often the case, NASA turned to the
"12.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On June 12, 1998, the Space Shuttle Discovery landed, ending mission STS-91 and the Shuttle-Mir Program.
While the beginning of the Space Race was marked by intense competition between the United States and the Soviet Union, there were efforts at
"11.06.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On June 11, 1957, the U.S. Air Force launched the first Atlas rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The Atlas, a path-breaking design in many ways, was being developed as an intermediate range ballistic missile.
On this first test flight the missile lost
"10.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 10, 1971, officials from the United States and the Soviet Union met in Moscow to exchange samples returned from the Moon.
Lee R. Scherer (2nd from left in photo), then director of the Apollo Lunar Exploration Office, presented three grams each of
"09.06.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post NASA's Kuiper Airborne Observatory (KAO) was the world's first major airborne astronomical research laboratory. Converted from a military cargo plane (a retired C-141A Starlifter), KAO carried a 36-inch reflecting telescope and flew up to 45,000 ft
"08.06.2016 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On June 8, 1927, Robert Esnault-Pelterie delivered a lecture on space travel to the Societe Astronomique de France in Paris.
Esnault-Pelterie's interest in flight started with the Wright brothers' glider of 1902. Esnault-Pelterie went on to design and
"07.06.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Skylab suffered serious damage during its launch on May 14, 1973. Its micrometeorite shield and one of its primary solar panels were ripped off, and the remaining primary solar panel was jammed. The first attempt at repair was performed 11 days later (May
"07.06.2016 14:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
Concluding Remarks by Dr. Wernher von Braun About Mode Selection for the Lunar Landing Program Given to Dr. Joseph F. Shea, Deputy Director (Systems) Office of Manned Space Flight, June 7, 1962
The question of how to send a man to
"06.06.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos At 9:00 a.m. ET on June 6, 1966, Gemini IX-A splashed down in the Atlantic Ocean. This landing placed Tom Stafford and Gene Cernan, the two astronauts aboard the craft, under one mile from the USS Wasp, the prime recovery ship. This marked what would
"05.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Today is the birthday of the late Paul F. Bikle, the Director of NASA's Flight Research Center from 1959 to 1971 - an extremely busy and productive period at what is now the Armstrong Flight Research Center. But, Bikle was also an avid sailplane pilot
"04.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On June 4, 1783, the Montgolfier brothers flew their hot air balloon at a public demonstration in Annonay, France. This uncrewed flight was the first in a series of exhibitions by the brothers that culminated with the first crewed flight in a hot air
"03.06.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On June 3, 1965, Gemini IV launched from Cape Canaveral at 10:16 a.m. (Eastern Time), carrying astronauts James McDivitt and Ed White into space.
The goals of the four-day, 62-orbit mission were numerous and daring. While Gemini III, the first human
"02.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Voyager 1 and Voyager 2 both carry 12-inch gold-plated phonograph records containing sounds and images selected to communicate life and culture on Earth to anyone who might cross path with these travelers into our galaxy. Included on the discs are
"01.06.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos The Space Shuttle Endeavour landed for the final time at 2:34 a.m. (eastern time) at Kennedy Space Center on June 1, 2011, at the end of mission STS-134. The construction of Endeavour was authorized in 1987 to replace the Shuttle Challenger. Instead of
"31.05.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Astronaut Scott Kelly recently made headlines for spending nearly a year in space. The world was rightfully impressed with the 340 consecutive days he spent aboard the International Space Station. However, between 2008 and 2009, another celebrated
"30.05.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Mariner 9 launched on May 30, 1971, from Cape Canaveral at 6:23 p.m. (ET) headed towards Mars. A few months after its launch, it became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet. Unfortunately, when Mariner arrived in orbit it was unable to see any
"29.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos In 1915 English physicist Arthur Eddington set out to test Albert Einstein's Theory of Relativity. According to Einstein's theory, space itself is bent in the presence of a gravitating body. This would mean that light traveling by a very large object
"28.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Odyssey struck gold, or rather ice, NASA announced on this day in 2002. The orbiting robotic spacecraft, 2001 Mars Odyssey, provided scientists with evidence that there is subsurface water ice on Mars. Previous investigations had produced evidence of
"27.05.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day in 1962, just two days after his orbital flight in Aurora 7, Scott Carpenter was awarded NASA's Distinguished Service Medal at Cape Canaveral by NASA Administrator James Webb. The Mercury astronaut had spent 4 hours and 54 minutes in space on
"26.05.2016 16:00:07" Timeline Photos Today would be Sally Ride's 65th birthday. Ride was a pioneer in many ways. She was among the candidates in NASA's first integrated astronaut class. The class of 1978 included for the first time women, blacks, and Asians. Ride was not only America's first
"25.05.2016 17:08:18" youtube.com President Kennedy Challenges NASA to Go to the Moon In an address to Congress on "Urgent National Needs" on May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy called for America to send astronauts to the Moon with a safe...
"25.05.2016 16:00:02" Fifty-five years ago today, on May 25, 1961, President John F. Kennedy delivered his "Urgent National Needs" speech before Congress. In part he said:
"Since early in my term, our efforts in space have been under review. With the advice of the Vice
"24.05.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On May 22, 1972, President Richard Nixon became the first U.S. President to visit Moscow, and the second U.S. President to visit the U.S.S.R. During this trip the United States and U.S.S.R., signed a number of agreements regarding arms limitations, the
"23.05.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On May 23, 2011, the Expedition 27 crew (Dmitri Kondratyev, Cady Coleman, and Paolo Nespoli) boarded the Soyuz TMA-20 spacecraft to depart the International Space Station (ISS) and make their way back to Earth. At the time Space Shuttle Endeavour was
"22.05.2016 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post On May 22, 1906, Orville and Wilbur Wright received U.S. Patent 821,393 for “new and useful improvement in Flying Machines.” However, the patent was for a glider (shown below) not the powered airplane. The crucial innovation was not the engine, it was
"21.05.2016 16:00:03" Photos from NASA History's post Two Americans made aeronautics history on this day in 1927 and 1932, respectively. On May 20, 1927, Charles "Lucky Lindy" Lindbergh took to the skies in an attempt to complete the first solo transatlantic flight from New York to Paris. On May 21, after a
"20.05.2016 16:00:00" nasa.gov NASA History On May 20, 1943 the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Aircraft Engine Research Laboratory (AERL) in Cleveland, Ohio, was officially dedicated with a flag-raising ceremony. Construction work had begun two years earlier with a
"19.05.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On May 19, 1983, Intelsat V F-6 was launched by NASA on an Atlas Centaur rocket at 6:26 p.m., Eastern Daylight Time, from Cape Canaveral, Fla. This satellite could carry 12,000 voice and 2 color television channels and included (for the first time) a
"18.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos When Apollo 10 launched at 12:49 p.m. Eastern Time on May 18, 1969, the crew's mission was to fly the complete profile of a Moon landing mission - without actually touching down on the Moon. That goal was, of course, achieved on the next mission - Apollo
"17.05.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On May 17, 1974, NASA launched Synchronous Meteorological Satellite (SMS-1), a spin-stabilized, geostationary meteorological satellite. After arriving in orbit SMS-1 was turned over to the US National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA). The
"16.05.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Five years ago on May 16, 2011, Endeavour launched into history on her final voyage. Endeavour's STS-134 mission was that Shuttle's final visit to the International Space Station. Lead by commander Mark Kelly and piloted by Greg Johnson, the mission also
"15.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos When Nimbus 2 launched on May 15, 1966, 50 years ago today, the science of weather forecasting was in its infancy. The seven satellites in the Nimbus series were second-generation U.S. robotic spacecraft used for meteorological research and development.
"14.05.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On May 11, 1973, the U.S. launched the uncrewed Skylab 1 space station using the last Saturn V booster to be launched. Almost immediately, technical problems developed due to vibrations during liftoff. A critical meteoroid shield ripped off taking one of
"13.05.2016 16:00:27" Timeline Photos On May 13, 2009, the crew of STS-125 on board Space Shuttle Atlantis snapped this photo of the Hubble Space Telescope after it had been captured by the Shuttle's Canadarm - the robotic arm carried by the Shuttles.
This was the final Shuttle servicing
"12.05.2016 16:00:09" Timeline Photos On May 12, 1950, the Bell X-1 #1 made its last flight. In the accompanying image, Chuck Yeager sits in the cockpit of the Bell X-1. The X-1 flew a total of 78 times.
On October 14, 1947, Yeager became the first pilot to fly faster than sound. On that
"11.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Carrying a crew of seven, Space Shuttle Atlantis began the STS-125 mission with a brilliant, on-time launch from NASA's Kennedy Space Center in Florida on May 11, 2009, at 1:01 pm Eastern Daylight Time. This was the final servicing mission to the Hubble
"10.05.2016 16:00:27" Timeline Photos NASA History Document of the Week
Letter to: Jimmy Carter
From: James C. Fletcher, NASA Administrator
Date: May 12, 1976
In this letter, James Fletcher, NASA Administrator, thanks Jimmy Carter, former Governor of Georgia and a Presidential
"09.05.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On May 9, 2003, MUSES-C, a robotic craft developed by the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA) launched on humanity's first sample return mission to an asteroid. Renamed Hayabusa after launch, the probe arrived at the small near-Earth asteroid,
"09.05.2016 12:47:08" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Mercury is trekking in front of the sun today for the 1st time in 10 years, seen here from 7:55am ET
#MercuryTransit Historic? Well, it only happens about 13 times per century...
"07.05.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos On May 7, 1992, Space Shuttle Endeavour launched on the STS-49 mission, her maiden voyage. Not only was the mission the first flight for the orbiter, it was especially notable for the first 3-person spacewalk. Adapting to unplanned problems, astronauts
"06.05.2016 16:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
Letter to: Esther Goddard
From: NASA Administrator T. Keith Glennan
Date: April 10, 1959
When NASA began work as an agency, it had inherited, or was in the process of acquiring, facilities that would allow it to carry out all the
"05.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos "According to an ancient Chinese proverb, “A journey of a thousand miles must begin with a single step.” NASA is preparing for a journey to Mars, a planet that is (on average) 225 million kilometers (140 million miles) from Earth. Our journey began 55
"04.05.2016 16:00:11" Timeline Photos Forty years ago today (May 4, 1976), the LAser GEOdynamics Satellite-1 (LAGEOS) launched. The two-foot diameter, 900-pound satellite orbited the Earth from pole to pole and was used to measure the movements of the Earth's surface relative to earthquakes,
"03.05.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos In August 1947, Howard Clifton Lilly became the first permanently assigned engineering research pilot at the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics' (NACA) Muroc Flight Test Unit (at what is now the Armstrong Flight Research Center). During his
"03.05.2016 13:10:19" NASA Glenn Open House NASA Glenn Open House Join us for an exciting Open House celebrating NASA Glenn's 75th anniversary. Our staff will guide you through world-class facilities and show you the technologies that contribute to the future of NASA in aeronautics and our journey to Mars.
Each day A great chance to get an up close look at the Centaur rocket now on display (see picture) at the NASA Center where it was developed - Glenn Research Center.
There will be lots of great NACA and NASA history on display, as well as the history-making
"02.05.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On May 2, 1946, 70 years ago today - and 11 years before Sputnik - Project RAND (now known as the RAND corporation) released its first report entitled: Preliminary Design of an Experimental World-Circling Spaceship (SM-11827).
You can download the #free
"01.05.2016 16:00:09" Timeline Photos On this day (May 1) in 2004, The Genesis spacecraft flew by the Earth near the end of its mission. This flyby was at a distance just beyond the orbit of the Moon and was designed to set up the recovery of samples when Genesis came back to the Earth later
"30.04.2016 16:00:09" Timeline Photos A year ago today (April 30, 2015) the MESSENGER probe impacted the surface of Mercury. This was the planned explosive finale to a highly successful mission.
MESSENGER flew by the Earth once, Venus twice, and Mercury thrice. During its 4 years in orbit
"29.04.2016 16:00:09" Timeline Photos On this day (April 29) in 1966, "Mars Station"-- a 64 meter (210-foot) dish antenna --was dedicated at Goldstone, California, as part of the Deep Space Network (DSN). Also known as Deep Space Station 14 (DSS-14), it was the first of it's size to be built
"28.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (April 28) in 2003, the Galaxy Evolution Explorer (GALEX) launched. GALEX was an orbiting space telescope designed to observe the universe in the ultraviolet wavelengths to measure the history of star formation in the universe.
"27.04.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (April 27) in 1961, Explorer 11 launched as the first gamma-ray detecting satellite. Gamma radiation makes up the highest energy (shortest wavelength) portion of the electromagnetic spectrum. Gamma rays are far outside of the visible spectrum
"26.04.2016 16:00:13" Timeline Photos Until this day (April 26) in 1971, the crews of Apollo Moon missions had to spend three weeks in quarantine after returning to the Earth. Why? For fear of lunar pathogens (i.e. Moon germs).
After Apollo 14--when it was proven that the Moon was void of
"25.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (April 25) in 1972, Astronaut T.K. (Ken) Mattingly performed a deep space extravehicular activity (EVA, or spacewalk) to retrieve film from the Apollo 16 Service Module while they were en route back to Earth. In this picture, Mattingly is
"25.04.2016 12:48:40" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1990: the Hubble Space Telescope was placed in orbit from Space Shuttle Discovery: http://bit.ly/1bDMyfz
Image Credit: NASA Launched on Shuttle Discovery April 24, 1990. Still going, and going...
"24.04.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (April 24) in 1990, STS-31 (Discovery) launched on the Hubble Space Telescope deployment mission. The pilot on that mission was astronaut Charlie Bolden - now the Administrator of NASA.
Bold promises were made about the potential of the
"23.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos "5-4-3-2-1". The flames roared forth and the crack of ignition carried through the air. Fifteen seconds later, the flames ceased.
The first engine test of the Structural and Dynamic Test Vehicle (S-II-T) was performed on this day (April 23, 1966) 50
"22.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Happy Earth Day!
The first Earth Day was observed on April 22, 1970. After seeing the damage done by the 1969 oil spill in Santa Barbara, CA, Gaylord Nelson and a staff of 85 people rallied 20 million people across the US to hold protests and
"21.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On April 21, 2013, Orbital Science Corporation (now OrbitalATK) launched the Antares launch vehicle from Mid-Atlantic Regional Spaceport Pad-0A at NASA's Wallops Flight Facility in Virginia. This was the first flight for the Antares launch vehicle and
"20.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Although famous for being the first person to set foot on the Moon, Neil Armstrong thought of himself primarily as a research pilot. Being a research pilot was a very demanding and frequently dangerous career, and on this day (April 20) in 1962, Armstrong
"19.04.2016 17:30:38" Timeline Photos DOCUMENT OF THE WEEK
From: Grumman Aircraft Engineering Corporation
To: North American Aviation
Re: Towing Charge for Apollo 13
Date: April 1970
On April 13, 1970, oxygen tank 2 aboard the Apollo 13 service module exploded, setting off a
"18.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos After travelling two billion miles over two elliptical orbits around the Sun, the Stardust spacecraft reached its aphelion on this day (April 18) in 2002. Stardust's aphelion (furthest distance from the Sun) was 2.72 Astronomical Units (AU) from the Sun.
"17.04.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day just 2 years ago - April 17, 2014 - Kepler mission astronomers announced the discovery of the first Earth-sized planet orbiting a star in the "habitable zone."
"The discovery of Kepler-186f is a significant step toward finding worlds like
"16.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (April 16) in 1972, Apollo 16, crewed by John Young, Charlie Duke, and Ken Mattingly, launched to the Moon. Apollo 16 was the first mission to land in the lunar highlands. Young and Duke spent three days on the lunar surface while Mattingly
"15.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Born on this day (April 15) in 1452, Leonardo da Vinci was one of the most diversely talented individuals to have ever lived. He was an inventor, sculptor, painter, musician, mathematician, engineer, biologist, and more. He painted the Mona Lisa (likely
"15.04.2016 12:56:14" European Space History On this day: 15 April 1975, the European Space Conference approved the terms of the final draft of the ESA Convention. This was the last of three subsequent European Space Conferences which were necessary to formalise the planned amalgamation of ESRO and (Retroactive) Congratulations to our great partners in Europe!
"14.04.2016 16:08:01" Timeline Photos On this day (April 14) in 1629, Christiaan Huygens was born in the Netherlands to a wealthy Dutch family. Growing up, he studied languages and music, history and geography, mathematics, and more. Eventually, he studied law and mathematics at the
"13.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (April 13) in 1965, Walt Disney, Roy Disney, and other Disney executives visited the NASA Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) in Alabama. Wernher von Braun, who was the Director of MSFC, had invited Disney in hopes that the tour could generate
"12.04.2016 16:00:06" Timeline Photos On this day 55 years ago (April 12, 1961) Vostok became the first spacecraft to carry a human, Yuri Gagarin, into space. Vostok reentered the atmosphere after one orbit and landed 1 hour and 48 minutes after launch. As planned, Gagarin ejected from Vostok
"11.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (April 11) in 1970, Apollo 13 launched for the Moon with Commander Jim Lovell, Command Module Pilot Jack Swigert and Lunar Module Pilot Fred Haise aboard. Two days later, with the spacecraft approaching the Moon, an oxygen tank exploded,
"10.04.2016 14:00:02" Timeline Photos "In the space race of the 1950s and '60s, the leading voices were rocket scientist Wernher von Braun and ... another guy. Household names included Neil Armstrong, Alan Shepard and ... oh, you know, the fellow who pushed the idea of a separate crew capsule
"09.04.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos "Ladies and gentlemen, may I have your attention, please. The rules for this briefing are very simple. In about sixty seconds we will give you the announcement that you have all been waiting for: the names of the seven volunteers who will become the
"08.04.2016 16:00:08" Timeline Photos On this day (April 8) in 1964, Gemini 1, the first uncrewed test flight of the Gemini spacecraft, launched. The primary goals were to test the Titan II launch vehicle, the structural integrity of the Gemini spacecraft, and the compatibility between the
"07.04.2016 16:00:07" Timeline Photos On this day (April 7) in 2001, the Mars Odyssey spacecraft launched. It entered orbit around Mars on October 24, 2001, and has been working there ever since. The primary science mission of Odyssey was to map the distribution of a variety of chemicals and
"06.04.2016 16:00:16" Timeline Photos On this day (April 6) in 1984, Space Shuttle Challenger launched on the STS-41C mission. The mission had two primary objectives: deploy the Long Duration Exposure Facility (LDEF) and repair the Solar Maximum Mission (SolarMax) satellite.
LDEF was a
"05.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos Launched aboard Space Shuttle Atlantis' STS-37 mission today (April 5) in 1991, the Compton Gamma Ray Observatory was a space telescope that made observations from Earth orbit for the next 9 years. It featured four main telescopes in one spacecraft,
"04.04.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (April 4) in 1997, STS-83 launched with the Microgravity Science Laboratory on board Shuttle Columbia.
Prior to launch, and continuing through the early part of the mission, flight controllers on the ground were monitoring an anomaly within
"04.04.2016 00:05:57" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration In 1941, our Langley Research Center started operating a wind tunnel that would evaluate more than 300 wartime military aircraft designs. The 200-Foot Vertical Spin Tunnel, which this year celebrates its 75th anniversary, studies aircraft stall and spin
"03.04.2016 17:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
Memo from: Hugh Dryden, Director of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA)
To: NACA Center and Facility Directors
Date: April 2, 1958
Following the launch of Sputnik in October 1957, the Eisenhower administration
"02.04.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (April 2) in 1958, Eisenhower proposed the creation of a space agency in a message to Congress. That agency became known as the National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA).
The Soviet Union had launched the first satellite,
"01.04.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (April 1) in 1998, the Transition Region And Coronal Explorer (TRACE)
spacecraft was launched on a Pegasus XL rocket under the wing of a L-1011 from Vandenberg AFB. TRACE was a solar observatory designed to investigate the connections between
"31.03.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 31) in 1966, the Soviet Union's Luna 10 launched, and later became the first human-made object to orbit the Moon. In fact, it became the first human-made object to orbit any body beyond the Earth. About thirty additional space probes
"30.03.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 30) in 2004, the 1st aerospike rocket flight test was conducted by NASA Dryden Flight Research Center (now the Armstrong Flight Research Center), the Air Force and commercial partner Blacksky Corporation, in West Texas. The effort,
"29.03.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos Today is one of 'firsts' for the planet Mercury. Today in 1974, Mariner 10 made the first of 3 Mercury flybys; also on this day in 2011, MESSENGER took the first image ever obtained from a spacecraft in orbit around Mercury.
Mariner 10 was the only
"28.03.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Three years ago today (March 28, 2013) the Russian Soyuz TMA-08M launched to the International Space Station (ISS) at 4:43 pm Eastern time (it was 2:43 am the next day at the launch site of Baikonur Cosmodrome, Kazakhstan). The three crewmembers, Russian
"27.03.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (March 27) twenty years ago (1996), Linda Godwin and Mike Clifford performed the first US spacewalk at the Mir Space Station. They were part of the STS-76 crew, docked to Mir in the Shuttle Atlantis. During the historic six-hour, two-minute,
"26.03.2016 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (March 26) in 1958, Explorer 3 was launched on a Juno I rocket.
Explorer 3, nearly identical to Explorer 1, was the second successful launch in the Explorer program. The first successful launch was of Explorer 1, the first American
"25.03.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 25) in 1655, Christiaan Huygens discovered Saturn's moon Titan. Huygens not only made major breakthroughs in astronomy, but also in optics, physics, and even invented the pendulum clock. Many argue that, among Huygens' contemporaries,
"24.03.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos Document of the Week
Memo from: Joe Beerer, Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL)
To: Hal Gordon, JPL
Date: July 16, 1970
Subject: Historical Account of Return Discovery
The Mariner 10 probe, the first to conduct a successful mission to the planet Mercury,
"23.03.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Working on your doctorate in something related to aerospace history? Or did you just finish that doctorate and need some help getting your next research project going? Then check out these fellowships offered by major professional societies with support
"23.03.2016 12:54:20" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1965: Astronauts Virgil "Gus" Grissom and John Young launched on Gemini 3. These G3-C spacesuits were worn by Grissom (left- http://bit.ly/1CKfZqy) and Young (right - http://bit.ly/19KyccC) during the three-orbit, five-hour mission. Gemini III - the first crewed mission of the highly successful project to build the skills and technology we needed to go to the Moon.
"22.03.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Happy World Water Day!
World Water Day is an international observance of water-related issues. This year's World Water Day theme is "Water and Jobs." Nearly 1.5 billion people work in water-related sectors of the global economy.
This World Water Day we
"22.03.2016 14:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (March 22) in 2010, after five successful years of operating on Mars, the Mars Exploration Rover Spirit sent its last transmission to Earth.
Spirit landed on Mars on January 4, 2004, three weeks before Opportunity. The rover successfully
"21.03.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 21) in 1965, NASA launched the Ranger 9 lunar probe. It reached the Moon less than three days later to fulfill its goal: transmit high-resolution photographs of the lunar surface on its way to impacting the Moon. Twenty minutes before
"20.03.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 20) in 1962, Soviet leader Nikita Khrushchev replied to President John F. Kennedy's March 7 letter proposing space cooperation. After years of Soviet refusals to discuss space cooperation unless the U.S. agreed to complete disarmament,
"19.03.2016 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 19) in 2008, a gamma-ray burst was detected that for a brief time was the most distant object visible to the naked eye. This gamma-ray burst occurred 7.4 billion light years away. The most distant object permanently visible to the naked
"18.03.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 18) in 1965, the Soviet Union's Voskhod 2 launched carrying two crew members: Pavel Belyayev and Alexei Leonov. The spacecraft was equipped with an inflatable airlock, which allowed Leonov to make the first spacewalk in human history.
"17.03.2016 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 17) in 2002, the Gravity Recovery and Climate Experiment (GRACE) 1 & 2 launched on a Russian Rockot launch vehicle from Plesetsk Cosmodrome in Northern Russia.
A collaboration of the U.S. and German space agencies, the twin satellites
"16.03.2016 17:00:09" Timeline Photos On this day (March 16) in 1966, Gemini VIII launched with Neil Armstrong and David Scott aboard. The mission conducted the first docking of two spacecraft in orbit, but suffered the first critical in-space system failure of a U.S. spacecraft, which
"16.03.2016 15:00:10" Timeline Photos On this day (March 16) 90 years ago, the 1st liquid fueled rocket was launched by Robert Goddard in Auburn, MA.
Goddard 's experimentation was first noticed when he set off a powder rocket in the basement of Worcester Polytechnic Institute physics
"15.03.2016 16:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (March 15) fifty-five years ago, NASA signed an agreement with the United Kingdom to establish a tracking station in Bermuda.
The Secretary of State to the British Ambassador:
"I have the honor to refer to the desire of the Government of
"14.03.2016 17:59:15" Timeline Photos Happy π day!
π (pi) is a very important number. Though it may seem to belong solely in the realm of geometry, π (pi) is essential in all math, science, and engineering disciplines.
What is π? π is simply the ratio of any circle's circumference to its
"13.03.2016 18:07:24" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution As the person in charge of development and production of on-board flight software for the Apollo missions, Margaret Hamilton was critical to their success. Unlike today where modern computer memory is stored on silicon chips, the software that powered the
"12.03.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On this day (March 12) in 2008, the Cassini probe flew by Enceladus, the ice-covered moon of Saturn.
Launched October 15, 1997, Cassini-Huygens has been active for more than 18 years, and its expected mission termination is sometime in 2017. The
"11.03.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (March 11) in 1960, Pioneer 5 launched to investigate interplanetary space between the Earth and Venus. The spacecraft measured magnetic field phenomena, solar flare particles, and ionization in the interplanetary region. A total of 138.9
"10.03.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On this day (March 10) in 2006, The Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter (MRO) entered orbit around Mars. Built by Lockheed Martin under the supervision of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory (JPL), MRO was designed to conduct reconnaissance and exploration of Mars from
"09.03.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (March 9) in 2002, the Hubble Space Telescope (HST) was redeployed by mission STS-109 (Columbia). Initially put in orbit by Shuttle Discovery in 1990, the HST has provided us an unprecedented view of the universe. Since its launch, it has
"08.03.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 8) in 1979, active volcanoes were discovered on Jupiter’s moon, Io, in navigation images made by Voyager 1.
Io, the innermost of the four Galilean moons was discovered on January 8, 1610, by Galileo Galilei, dealing a blow to the
"07.03.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (March 7) on 1970, 230 days after Apollo 11 landed on the moon, Richard Nixon issued his “Statement About the Future of the United States Space Program.” The Statement outlined six specific space objectives:
1. “We should continue to explore
"07.03.2016 00:43:45" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1990: On its final flight, our Lockheed SR-71 Blackbird set a new speed record flying from Los Angeles, CA to Washington, DC in 1 hour, 4 minutes, 20 seconds, averaging 3,418 kph (2,124 mph). Upon arrival at Washington Dulles International
"06.03.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 6) last year, Dawn arrived at Ceres, a dwarf planet in the asteroid belt. Since then, it has made more than 600 orbits. Dawn utilizes a high-tech ion propulsion system which has allowed it to go into orbit around two different
"05.03.2016 22:00:02" Timeline Photos If you're in DC on March 8, join us for a lecture by retired Langley engineer John Newcomb. For more info email: firstname.lastname@example.org
A Bunch of Plumbers is the behind-the-scenes story of how NASA engineers, armed with butcher paper, slide
"05.03.2016 17:49:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 5) in 1998, it was announced that the Lunar Prospector had found 10-300 million tons of water ice in craters at the south pole of the Moon. The mission ended on July 31, 1999, when the probe was deliberately impacted into these ice
"04.03.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (March 4) in 1968, the Orbiting Geophysical Observatory (OGO) 5 launched. The objectives of OGO 5 were to conduct many diversified geophysical experiments for a better understanding of the Earth and to continue to develop and operate a
"04.03.2016 13:27:12" blog.nasm.si.edu Investigating the Writing on Columbia’s Walls - AirSpace I recently shared that we uncovered handwritten notes and markings inside the Apollo 11 Command Module Columbia—the spacecraft that carried astronauts Armstrong, Collins, and Aldrin into lunar orbit and home on their historic voyage of July 1969. As part
"03.03.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (March 3) in 1915, the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) was created by law to "supervise and direct the scientific study of the problems of flight." Just as NASA formed in response to the rapid progress of the Soviet space
"02.03.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (March 2) in 1972, Pioneer 10 launched. Pioneer 10, the first spacecraft to travel through the asteroid belt and the first spacecraft to make direct observations of Jupiter, was “a pioneer in the true sense of the word… it was venturing into
"01.03.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day fifty years ago (March 1, 1966), the Soviet space probe Venera 3 impacted the surface of Venus, making it the first human-made object to touch the surface of another planet. Sixteen years later (on March 1, 1982), Venera 13 soft-landed on the
"29.02.2016 17:00:07" Timeline Photos Annie Easley began her career as a 'computer' for the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), one of many women, black and white, who performed calculations in the era before today's electronic computers. She worked at the NACA Lewis Flight
"29.02.2016 13:52:00" European Space History On this day: 29 February 1964, the European Launcher Development Organisation (ELDO) was founded. The births of the European Launcher Development Organisation (ELDO) on 29 February 1964 and the European Space Research Organisation (ESRO), three weeks
"28.02.2016 22:13:31" National Reconnaissance Office February 28, 1958 – President Eisenhower endorsed a film recovery satellite program for satellite photoreconnaissance, setting the stage for the Corona satellite program. The following year on the same date, February 28, 1959, a successful Corona test
"28.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (February 28) in 2007, New Horizons, on its journey to Pluto and beyond, made its closest approach to Jupiter. From January through June 2007, New Horizons’ seven science instruments made more than 700 separate observations of the Jovian
"27.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 27) in 2014, the Global Precipitation Measurement (GPM) mission launched. GPM is an international satellite mission providing worldwide rain and snow observations every three hours. Launched by NASA and the Japanese Aerospace
"26.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 26) in 2014, the Kepler mission announced discovery of 715 new planets outside of the solar system. These verified worlds orbit 305 stars, thus verifying that multiple-planet solar systems like our own are not unusual. While previous
"25.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos A tether satellite is a satellite connected to another by a space tether. They are used to research tether propulsion, tidal stabilization, and orbital plasma dynamics.
On this day (February 25) in 1996, the STS-75 tether broke. The Tethered Satellite
"24.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (February 24) in 1969, Mariner 6 launched. Mariner 6 and 7 comprised a dual-spacecraft mission to Mars, the sixth and seventh missions in the Mariner series of spacecraft used for planetary exploration in the flyby mode. The dual mission flew
"23.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos #OTD in 1927, Werner Heisenberg first described his Uncertainty Principle, a cornerstone of modern quantum physics. Concerning a particle,the principle asserts that the more precisely the position is determined the less precisely
the momentum is known.
"23.02.2016 14:39:47" NASA Langley Research Center This is National Engineers Week - a time to honor all the contributions engineers have made to our lives and to promote a profession that is near and dear to many of our researchers' hearts. Engineers, including those in this 1931 picture of the staff of
"22.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Document of the Week
From: President John F. Kennedy
To: Honorable Newton Minow, Chairman, Federal Communications Commission.
Date: May 15, 1961
On January 30, 1961, President Kennedy called for an international effort to develop
"22.02.2016 13:24:08" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Training astronauts underwater may seem obvious now, but at the dawn of the space age it was rejected time and time again. It took a few dedicated people in a high school pool outside of Baltimore, MD to prove that underwater training was a viable method
"21.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 21) in 2008, the USA-193 reconnaissance satellite was intentionally destroyed by the U. S. Navy.
The satellite was the first to be launched by the joint effort known as the United Launch Alliance, a Lockheed Martin-Boeing
"20.02.2016 17:00:07" Timeline Photos On this day (February 20) in 1962, John Glenn became the first American to orbit the Earth.
In order to join the first group of astronauts candidates had to meet seven criteria.
1. Test pilot school graduate
2. In excellent physical condition
"19.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 19) in 1473, revolutionary astronomer Nicolaus Copernicus was born. Copernicus, in formulating a heliocentric model of the universe, provided the ignition for one of the most significant scientific revolutions in history—the aptly
"18.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 18) in 1930, astronomer Clyde Tombaugh discovered Pluto at the Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona. In more recent years, the International Astronomical Union (not NASA) has changed the status of Pluto from "planet" to "dwarf
"17.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos THEMIS I, II, III, IV, and V, a fleet of nearly identical NASA magnetospheric satellites were launched by a Delta 2 rocket on this day (February 17) in 2007. This mission, the Time History of Events and Macroscale Interactions during Substorms (THEMIS)
"16.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (February 16) in 1948, Uranus’ moon Miranda, last of Uranus’ moons discovered until Voyager 2’s visit in 1986, was discovered by Gerard Kuiper. Miranda is the smallest and innermost of Uranus’s five round satellites. In fact, Miranda is one of
"16.02.2016 14:10:16" European Space History On this day: 16 February 2011, ESA's second Automated Transfer Vehicle (ATV) was launched to the International Space Station on an Ariane 5 rocket. Named Johannes Kepler after the German astronomer and mathematician, ATV-2 remained docked to the ISS until
"15.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (February 15) in 2010, the Cupola, the ultimate observation deck, was installed on the International Space Station (ISS). The Cupola is a panoramic control tower for the ISS, a dome-shaped module through which operations on the outside of the
"14.02.2016 17:00:07" Timeline Photos On this day (February 14) in 1990, Voyager 1, from a vantage point beyond the orbit of Neptune, turned its camera back toward the planets of our solar system. With 60 individual pictures Voyager created a "family portrait" of our neighborhood. From
"13.02.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (February 13) in 1969, President Nixon formed the Space Task Group—a committee to develop post-Apollo spaceflight plans. The Space Task Group members enthusiastically took up the challenge and presented the President with a very ambitious
"12.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Fifteen years ago today, on February 12, 2001, the Near Earth Asteroid Rendezvous (NEAR) Shoemaker probe landed on asteroid 433 Eros after orbiting it for almost exactly a year. Eros is one of the largest near-Earth asteroids. The mission was the fi
"11.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (February 11) in 1997, Space Shuttle Discovery launched on STS-82, the second mission to service the Hubble Space Telescope (HST). The crew of six serviced the telescope during five spacewalks over the course of five days—with pairs of as
"10.02.2016 17:00:04" www.youtube.com Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 Collision High Definition video at http://agi.com ......................... On February 10 at approximately 1656 GMT, the Iridium 33 and Cosmos 2251 communications satellites collided over northern Siberia. The impact between the Iridium Satellite LLC-owned sa On this day (February 10) in 2009, the Iridium-33 and Kosmos-2251 satellites collided—the first known collision between two artificial satellites. Iridium 33 was a operational communications satellite operated by Iridium Communications LLC (a U.S.-ba
"10.02.2016 14:28:19" National Air and Space Museum, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Smithsonian Remembering Edgar D. Mitchell (1930-2016): curator Jennifer Levasseur recounts the career of the Lunar Module Pilot for Apollo 14: http://s.si.edu/1PjKfxa
Image Caption and Credit: Ed Mitchell, Stu Roosa, and Alan Shepard examine lunar samples in th
"09.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day in 1980, the Navstar-5 or Global Positioning System (GPS) 1-5 launched. Navstar-5 helped establish the foundation of GPS technology, which we now use frequently on our phones and computers. GPS was developed by the US Department of Defens
"08.02.2016 20:12:25" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1974: Skylab 4 crew returned from the third and final mission to the first US space station in this Command Module: http://bit.ly/Skylab4_Command_Module
See it on display at our Museum in Washington, DC.
"08.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day in 1992, the Ulysses probe arrived at Jupiter to perform a swing-by maneuver in order to establish an orbit, non-coplanar with the Earth, around the Sun. The Ulysses mission was designed to study the Sun from its poles, a vantage point n
"07.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos NASA's Stardust mission launched on this day (February 7) in 1999. The primary goal of the mission was to collect samples from the Comet Wild 2 and return them to the Earth. The team had expected the samples to contain materials from the formation of
"06.02.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day in 1927, Gerard K. O’Neill (1927-1992) was born. O’Neill—physicist, author, inventor, space activist—was best known for his soaring ambitions for space colonization. He developed plans for building power plants in space and mining facili
"05.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (February 5) in 1974, Mariner 10 flew by Venus—returning the 1st close-up images of our nearest neighbor. Data from the Mariner 10 helped us gain a better understanding the acid clouds of Venus. Passing Venus, Mariner 10 used the pull of
"05.02.2016 15:24:36" NASA's Kennedy Space Center When Apollo 14 touched down on the moon on Feb. 5, 1971, it was more than a 240,000-mile trip – it was a hard-fought return to flight for NASA's Apollo Program and America's first person in space.
"04.02.2016 21:02:11" NASA History
"04.02.2016 21:00:12" NASA History's cover photo Astronaut Edward H. White II, pilot for the Gemini-Titan 4 (GT-4) spaceflight, floats in the zero-gravity of space in this image from June 3, 1965, as he makes the first U.S. spacewalk. White wears a specially designed spacesuit. His face is shaded b
"04.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Forty-nine years ago today (February 4, 1967), Lunar Orbiter 3 launched. Designed primarily to photograph areas of the lunar surface for confirmation of safe landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo missions, Lunar Orbiter 3 was also equipped to col
"03.02.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day in 2006, the ISS crew released a retired Orlan spacesuit rigged with a radio transmitter into orbit around the Earth. The suit was deployed to test a novel idea—use old spacesuits as satellites. Before launch, Frank Bauer of NASA’s Goddar
"02.02.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (February 2) in 2006, the Deep Impact science team reported the first observation of water on the surface of a comet. The comet-hunting Deep Impact probe was designed with two parts: a “flyby” and an “impactor” probe. As you may guess, the “i
"01.02.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Thirteen years ago today, on February 1, 2003, all hands aboard the Space Shuttle Columbia were lost as the crew of STS-107 descended from orbit toward Kennedy Space Center. It was a Saturday and the Shuttle broke up 16 minutes prior to the planned t
"31.01.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (January 31) in 1971, Apollo 14—the third mission to land on the Moon—launched. Five days later, the spacecraft landed in the Fra Mauro highlands, the same area that was to have been explored by Apollo 13. The objectives of the mission we
"31.01.2016 13:47:37" National Reconnaissance Office On Jan. 31, 1958, the U.S. Army launched Explorer 1, the nation’s first successful man-made satellite, from Cape Canaveral, as part of the International Geophysical Year (1957-58). The satellite was launched aboard a Jupiter-C rocket. Instrumentation
"30.01.2016 17:28:27" Timeline Photos 55 years ago, President John F Kennedy, in his 1961 State of the Union Address, proposed space cooperation with the USSR saying, “I now invite all nations—including the Soviet Union—to join with us in developing a weather prediction program, in a new
"29.01.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (January 29), in 1961, NASA announced the creation of the Goddard Institute for Space Studies (GISS) at Columbia University in New York City. Its purpose is to do basic research in space sciences in support of Goddard Space Flight Center
"29.01.2016 14:09:20" European Space History On this day, 29 January 1998, the Intergovernmental Agreement (IGA) on Space Station Cooperation was signed in Washington DC.
The IGA established the framework for cooperation among the space station partners for the design, development, operation an
"28.01.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos Thirty years ago today, on January 28, 1986, all hands aboard Space Shuttle Challenger were lost 73 seconds after launch at 11:38 a.m. EST. In this photo taken on January 9, the Challenger crew took a break during countdown training at NASA's Kenned
"27.01.2016 17:00:09" www.unoosa.org Space Law United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs On this day (January 27) in 1967, The Outer Space Treaty was signed in Washington, DC, London, and Moscow. The Treaty, drafted by the UN Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space, provides the basic framework for international space law, and inc
"26.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (January 26) in 1978, the International Ultraviolet Explorer (IUE)—a collaboration between NASA, the European Space Research Organization (ESRO, later ESA), and the UK—launched. During its nearly 19-year mission, the IUE observed nearly e
"25.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Thirty-three years ago (January 25, 1983), the InfraRed Astronomical Satellite (IRAS)—a joint project of the US, UK, and Netherlands—was launched. IRAS was the first space-based observatory to perform a survey of the entire sky at infrared wavelength
"24.01.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos Document of the Week:
From: Deputy Administrator George Low
To: Associate Administrator for Space Science Noel Hinners
Date: October 29, 1975
Subject: Selection of a Uranus Mission Option
Thirty years ago (on January 24, 1986) Voyager
"23.01.2016 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Happy 80th birthday to Dr. Edward Stone -- director of the Jet Propulsion Laboratory from 1991-2001. Dr. Stone may be best known to the public for his long connection with Voyager 1 and 2. He has served as project scientist for the Voyager program
"23.01.2016 03:24:52" NASA Jet Propulsion Laboratory No joke—Voyager 2 flew by Uranus 30 years ago this Sunday. The 5.5-hour encounter revealed 10 new moons, a strange magnetic field and evidence of a boiling ocean about 500 miles (800 kilometers) below the cloud tops.
"22.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (January 22) in 1992, Space Shuttle Discovery launched on the STS-42 mission, bringing its primary payload the International Microgravity Laboratory (IML) 1 to orbit. In this space laboratory, the effects of weightlessness on living organ
"21.01.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (January 21) in 1964, the Relay 2 communications satellite (comsat) was launched. The name "Relay" directly correlated to this satellite’s function: to relay messages. More specifically, Relay 2 -- along with the precursor, Relay 1-- were
"20.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day in 1978, the first Soviet Progress automated supply spacecraft was launched on a resupply mission to the Salyut 6 space station. The Progress craft are designed to deliver supplies to a space station, be filled with trash and waste, detac
"19.01.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Ten years ago today, on January 19, 2006, NASA's New Horizons spacecraft launched heading for Pluto. The craft swung past Jupiter for a gravity boost in 2007, and conducted a six-month-long reconnaissance flyby study of Pluto and its moons in summer
"18.01.2016 21:30:02" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1986: Space Shuttle Columbia landed completing mission STS-61C. This mission was commanded by Robert L. Gibson and piloted by Charles F. Bolden Jr, who is now the Administrator of NASA. This mission was Bolden's first spaceflight.
"18.01.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On this day in 1976, the Applications Technology Satellite (ATS)-3 went into semi-retirement when the National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration turned off the multi-color spin-scan cloud camera. ATS-3 was one of a series of technology demonstra
"17.01.2016 22:47:58" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1963: NASA research pilot Joe Walker flew the North American X-15 to an altitude of 271,000 feet, or 51 miles high, and became the first civilian test pilot to exceed 50 miles altitude. Later that same year, Walker piloted the X-15 to an uno
"17.01.2016 16:01:43" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
Letter from: Donald E. Hewes, Langley Representative to Lunar Exploration Planning Panel
To: Captain Lee R. Scherer
Date: August 11, 1969
Subject: “Suggested development of a mobility cart to improve astronaut’s lunar explora
"16.01.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos Long before the first crewed lunar landing or robotic rover mission to Mars, the Space Science Board of the National Academy of Sciences issued a report outlining research objectives in lunar and planetary exploration for the 1970s and 1980s. It was
"16.01.2016 14:50:06" European Space History On this day: 16 January 2013, ESA agreed to contribute the service module to NASA's Orion spacecraft, continuing the spirit of international cooperation that forms the foundation of the International Space Station and furthering human exploration.
"15.01.2016 17:00:08" Timeline Photos Ten years ago today, Stardust, the first mission dedicated to studying a comet, returned particles from comet Wild 2. The mission captured thousands of particles of comet dust during a close encounter with the comet and also brought back samples of i
"14.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Eleven years ago, an explorer from Earth parachuted into the haze of an alien moon toward an uncertain fate. With this feat, the European Space Agency's Huygens probe accomplished humanity's first landing on a moon in the outer solar system. That moo
"13.01.2016 17:00:08" Timeline Photos NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) will host a symposium at the UAH campus in Huntsville, Alabama on March 16-17, 2017, focusing upon the theme of NASA in the “Long” Civil Rights Movement. The sy
"12.01.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On January 12, 1958, President Dwight D. Eisenhower proposed to his Soviet counterpart that the two countries should "agree that outer space should be used only for peaceful purposes." The Eisenhower proposal came as an answer to the December 10, 19
"11.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos In his State of the Union message to the Congress, President John F . Kennedy said: "With the approval of this Congress, we have undertaken in the past year a great new effort in outer space. Our aim is not simply to be first on the moon, any more th
"10.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Seventy years ago today on January 10, 1946, the U.S. Army Signal Corps began Project Diana. Named for the Roman goddess of the Moon. Project Diana marked the birth of radar astronomy, a technique that was later used to map Venus and other planets. I
"09.01.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos On January 9, 1969, as President Lyndon Johnson presented NASA Distinguished Service Medals to the Apollo 8 crew he said: "If there is an ultimate truth to be learned from this historic flight, it may be this: There are few social or scientific or po
"08.01.2016 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Today (January 8) In 1944, Lockheed's P-80 made its first flight. When Germany and Great Britain went to war in 1939, both had jet aircraft programs well underway, but the United States took longer to appreciate and develop the new technology. By 194
"07.01.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On January 7, 2015, NASA released an update on one of the Hubble Space Telescope's most noted images. Over the years Hubble has taken many breathtaking images of the universe, but one snapshot stands out from the rest: the iconic view of the so-calle
"06.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On January 6, 1998, at 9:28 p.m., the Lunar Prospector launched from Cape Canaveral. The mission was designed to answer long-standing questions about the Moon’s resources, structure, and origins. Prospector mapped the Moon’s surface composition and l
"05.01.2016 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On January 5, 1917, the Smithsonian granted Robert Goddard $5,000 to study rocketry. In 1916, Goddard had requested funding from the Smithsonian Institution so that he could continue his research. His request was later published along with his subseq
"04.01.2016 17:00:09" Timeline Photos NASA's Kepler Space Telescope was launched on March 6, 2009 and less than a year later, on January 4, 2010, the Kepler team announced the discovery of its first five exoplanets identified by data from the probe. As of fall 2015, Kepler has found 1,9
"03.01.2016 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On January 3, 2004, Mars Exploration Rover Spirit landed at Gusev Crater on the Red Planet. Spirit launched on June 10, 2003, and spent nearly 6 months journeying to Mars. Although originally baselined for only a 90-day mission, the Spirit rover exce
"02.01.2016 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On January 2, 2004, NASA's Stardust encountered comet Wild 2. Before the mission, scientists believed they knew what comets would be made of and there was a general expectation that the particles collected from comet Wild 2 would be mainly dust that
"01.01.2016 17:00:08" Timeline Photos Fifty-five years ago today on January 1, 1961, the nation's 34th president, Dwight D. Eisenhower issued "Statement by the President Concerning Commercial Use of Communication Satellites." In the statement, he said: "Increased facilities for overseas
"31.12.2015 17:29:52" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
National Advisory Committee For Aeronautics (NACA) Resolution on the Subject of Space
Adopted January 16, 1958.
Following the launch of first two Soviet Sputniks (in October and November 1957) the NACA created the Special Com
"30.12.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos Eighty-five years ago today on December 30, 1930, Robert Goddard launched his first flight from Roswell, New Mexico. Goddard was a pioneer in the use of liquid-fueled rockets, and this was his fifth rocket test flight. He had moved to Roswell earlier
"30.12.2015 13:16:25" European Space History This amazing view of Jupiter was created from images taken by the narrow angle camera on the NASA/ESA/ASI Cassini spacecraft on 29 December 2000, as the spacecraft neared Jupiter during its flyby of the giant planet. It is the most detailed global co
"29.12.2015 17:00:09" Timeline Photos Thirty-five years ago today on December 29, 1980, Space Shuttle Columbia rolled out to Launch Pad 39A in preparation for the first Shuttle mission (which launched on April 12, 1981). Launch Complex 39's Pad A and Pad B were originally designed to sup
"28.12.2015 17:00:09" Timeline Photos NASA’s Marshall Space Flight Center (MSFC) and the University of Alabama Huntsville (UAH) will host a symposium at the UAH campus in Huntsville, Alabama on March 16-17, 2017, focusing upon the theme of NASA in the “Long” Civil Rights Movement. The sy
"27.12.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (December 27) in 1999, STS-103 (Discovery) landed after completing the third Hubble Telescope repair mission. The crew was in space during Christmas, which was only the third time U.S. astronauts had spent the holiday in space. The missio
"26.12.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On December 26, 2005, the Cassini spacecraft flew by Saturn's moon Titan. It was the 9th time that Cassini had made a fly by to study Titan. The spacecraft flew over the same region that NASA's Voyager 1 flew by in 1980. Cassini's path through the t
"25.12.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Did you know that at least one NASA astronaut has been in space every Christmas since 2000? The crew of Apollo 8 were the first humans to spend Christmas in space in 1968. The only Space Shuttle to be in space over the holiday was STS-103 in 1999. Ea
"25.12.2015 01:00:01" www.youtube.com Apollo 8's Christmas Eve 1968 Message Apollo 8, the first manned mission to the moon, entered lunar orbit on Christmas Eve, Dec. 24, 1968. That evening, the astronauts--Commander Frank Borman, Co... On Christmas Eve 1968, millions around the world watched and listened as the Apollo 8 astronauts - Frank Borman, Jim Lovell and Bill Anders - became the first humans to orbit another heavenly body. That evening the astronauts made a live television b
"23.12.2015 17:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
Memorandum on Gemini VI and VII
From: NASA Administrator Webb
To: President Johnson
December 16, 1965
Following the completion of the flight of Gemini VI President Johnson asked NASA Administrator James Webb for a report on the
"22.12.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On December 22, 1964, the SR-71 Blackbird flew for the first time. (The SR-71 was derived from the A-12, which had first flown in 1962.) The aircraft was designed to cruise at Mach 3+ (more than three times the speed of sound) at altitudes up to 85,
"21.12.2015 17:00:03" www.youtube.com Apollo 8 40th Anniversary Apollo 8 launched 40 years ago this December. In this video Astronauts Frank Borman, James Lovell and Bill Anders recount man's first voyage around the moon. 47 years ago on this day (December 21, 1968), Apollo 8 launched to the Moon with astronauts Frank Borman, Jim Lovell, and Bill Anders. This mission was the first to send humans to the Moon and back.
Apollo 8 was a mission of firsts--the first time h
"20.12.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On December 20, 2011, NASA's Kepler mission announced the discover of the first Earth-size planets orbiting a Sun-like star outside of our solar system. The planets, named Kepler-20e and Kepler 20f, were at the time the smallest exoplanets ever confi
"19.12.2015 16:00:02" Photos from NASA History's post Documents of the Week:
Fact Sheet [December 1958] Office of Technical Liaison, Office of Chief Signal Officer, Department of the Army, Room BD1024, The Pentagon. [Launch of Project SCORE]
And, excerpt from Public Papers of the Presidents of the Uni
"18.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (December 18) in 2006, astronaut Bob Curbeam performed his fourth spacewalk as part of the STS-116 mission. This is the greatest number of spacewalks by an astronaut on any single Shuttle flight. The crew of STS-116 delivered the P5 trus
"17.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (December 17) in 1903, Orville Wright successfully completed the first controlled, powered, heavier than air human flight in Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. On December 17, the Wright brothers awoke to freezing temperatures and a 27 mph wind.
"16.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On December 16, 2014, NASA announced that the Mars Curiosity Rover had detected a tenfold spike of methane in the Martian atmosphere. Curiosity also detected different organic chemicals in powder drilled from a rock named Cumberland, the first defini
"15.12.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day fifty years ago (December 15, 1965) Gemini VI-A launched with astronauts Wally Schirra and Tom Stafford. This mission was originally scheduled to launch in October 1965 to make the first in space rendezvous. Their goal was to dock with A
"14.12.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (December 14) in 1972, the last humans (so far) to visit the lunar surface launched from the Moon during the Apollo 17 mission. Commander Gene Cernan and Lunar Module Pilot Jack Schmitt had explored the Taurus-Littrow highlands on the Moon, whi
"13.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (December 13) in 1993, Space Shuttle Endeavour landed after completing STS-61--the first Hubble Space Telescope (HST) repair mission. This flight was one of most challenging and complex crewed missions ever attempted. During a record five
"12.12.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On December 12, 2014, the NASA Super Guppy Aircraft delivered a large hybrid wing body fuselage segment to Langley Research Center, Virginia. Much of the test article is made out of a low-weight, damage-tolerant, stitched composite structural materia
"11.12.2015 17:00:04" www.youtube.com 'I Was Strolling on the Moon One Day' Apollo 17 astronauts Gene Cernan and Jack Schmitt sing while walking on the moon during the last Apollo lunar landing mission. Today (December 7) in 1972, Apollo 17 landed on the Moon. It was the last of the six lunar landings of the Apollo program. The Lunar Module (call sign: Challenger) touched down in the Taurus-Littrow highlands with Mission Commander Gene Cernan and H
"10.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On December 10, 1974, Helios 1 was launched from Cape Canaveral. This was a joint project between the United States and the Federal Republic of Germany. The Helios probe (built by Germany) was designed to study phenomena such as solar wind, magnetic
"09.12.2015 21:45:53" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration After a nail-biting maneuver to send Japan’s Akatsuki spacecraft into orbit around Venus, we’re celebrating their success. This spacecraft will learning more about Venus’ perpetual cloud layer, its thick atmosphere, possible volcanic and lightning ac
"09.12.2015 17:14:41" Timeline Photos On this day (December 9) in 1978, the Pioneer-Venus 2 test probes entered the atmosphere of Venus. There were a total of four probes designed to collect data on the atmosphere. Each probe was shaped like a cone and they were not designed to survive s
"08.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Five years ago today on December 8, 2010, the SpaceX Dragon capsule launched for the first time. It also was the first demonstration flight for NASA's Commercial Orbital Transportation Services (COTS) program, which contracts with private companies t
"07.12.2015 17:00:02" www.youtube.com Apollo 17: On the Shoulders of Giants A documentary view of the Apollo 17 journey to Taurus-Littrow, the final lunar landing mission in the Apollo program is discussed. The film depicts the highl... On this day (December 7) in 1972, Apollo 17 launched from Kennedy Space Center on the final Apollo lunar landing mission. Due to a change in the launch timing for this mission, the crew could see almost the entire disk of the Earth lit by the Sun. T
"07.12.2015 13:54:54" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration After decades of uncertainty, our Lunar Reconnaissance Orbiter finds Apollo 16 booster rocket impact site: http://go.nasa.gov/1llbjCk
"07.12.2015 02:39:00" NASA - National Aeronautics and Space Administration Orbital ATK’s Cygnus spacecraft lifted off at 4:44 p.m. EST on top of a United Launch Alliance Atlas V rocket en route to the International Space Station. The cargo includes dozens of science and research investigations that will occur during Expedit
"06.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On December 6, 1998, the crew of STS-88 mated the Unity module that they had carried to space on Space Shuttle Endeavour to the Zarya module. This was the start of on-orbit assembly of the International Space Station.
For more information, visit: h
"05.12.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos A year ago today, on December 5, 2014, NASA's new Orion crew vehicle flew its first test flight. This spacecraft will serve as the exploration vehicle that will carry crews to deep space destinations for years to come.
After the 4 and a half hour te
"04.12.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos Today (December 4) is the 50th Anniversary of the Gemini VII launch with astronauts Frank Borman and Jim Lovell. The goal was to conduct a 14-day mission, the longest by far at that point, to evaluate the effects of a long duration flight on the
"04.12.2015 13:27:51" NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center (then Dryden) aircraft fleet on the ramp in Edwards, California, on Nov. 7, 2007. This photograph contains many aircraft that are part of NASA Armstrong's current fleet including Global Hawk, ER-2, Ikhana Preda
"03.12.2015 17:00:09" Timeline Photos On this day (December 3) in 1974, Pioneer 11 made its closest approach as it flew by the planet Jupiter. Pioneer 11 was the second spacecraft to do a Jupiter fly by - Pioneer 10 had flown by a year earlier (in December 1973). But, Pioneer 11 flew on
"02.12.2015 17:00:09" Timeline Photos Today (December 2) is a noteworthy day in the history of NASA Space Shuttle launches. Four Shuttle launches happened on December 2, more than any other day in the calendar year.
In 1988, STS-27 (Atlantis) launched on a Department of Defense (DOD) mi
"01.12.2015 17:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week
Memorandum to File
By: J.P. Drieis, Chief of Mission Planning, Apollo Flight Operations, Office of Manned Space Flight
Date: September 15, 1965
During the Apollo program, the most difficult part of the mission to simulate reali
"01.12.2015 15:18:03" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1941: The Civil Air Patrol was established. It became an auxiliary of the U.S. Air Force in 1948 with three main missions: aerospace education, cadet programs, and emergency services.
Pictured here is an embroidered cap insignia in our colle
"30.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Today (November 30) in 1960, Neil Armstrong made his first flight in the X-15. The X-15 was a joint program between NASA, the Air Force, the Navy, and North American Aviation. The experimental, rocket-boosted aircraft flew 199 flights with 12 differe
"29.11.2015 17:00:02" www.youtube.com Friendship 7 Astronaut John Glenn, Feb. 20, 1962 Check out this fascinating 7 minute video summary of John Glenn's historic Friendship 7 flight on February 20, 1962! On this flight, John Glenn became the first American to orbit Earth. The success of the Friendship 7 mission enabled NASA to further
"27.11.2015 17:00:02" www.youtube.com NASA Mission Update: TRMM For millions of people throughout the world, tropical rain systems are a life-sustaining resource. But these systems can turn violent and dangerous, spawning... Today (November 27) in 1997, the Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission launched from Tanegashima Space Center, Japan, for a 3 year joint mission between NASA and the Japanese Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA). TRMM's main responsibility was to determ
"26.11.2015 17:00:02" mars.jpl.nasa.gov Overview - Mars Science Laboratory The Curiosity rover's mission is to study whether Gale Crater had an environment able to support small life forms called 'microbes.' On this day (November 26) four years ago (2011), the Mars Science Laboratory (MSL) launched from Space Launch Complex 41 at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station, FL. The United Launch Alliance Atlas V lifted off at 10:02 am Eastern Standard Time and 44 m
"25.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Today (November 18) in 1970 the M2-F3 lifting body completed its first powered flight. The M2-F3 was a rebuilt version of the M2-F2, which crashed in 1967. (NASA research pilot Bruce Peterson survived the crash and footage of it was used as the openi
"24.11.2015 21:00:03" www.youtube.com Apollo 12: Pinpoint for Science This video, using historical film footage, photography, and computer animation, describes the launch, flight, lunar landing and exploration, and return fligh... Today (November 24) is the anniversary of the 1969 splashdown of Apollo 12 - the second (of six) human expeditions to the surface of the Moon. The video linked here is to Apollo 12: Pinpoint for Science. This NASA film was produced immediately afte
"24.11.2015 17:30:06" Timeline Photos Katherine Johnson, National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) and NASA research mathematician, will receive the Presidential Medal of Freedom today for her significant work as a "computer" at NASA. She was hired at Langley Research Center in
"23.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (November 23) in 1977, the European Space Agency (ESA) launched Meteosat 1, a meteorological satellite. Meteosat 1 was a geostationary spacecraft that was stationed over 0 degrees longitude, giving it a tremendous view of weather conditio
"23.11.2015 13:44:36" National Air and Space Museum, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Smithsonian Remembering Robert Willard Farquhar (1932-2015): curator Matthew Shindell recalls the career of this mission designer, flight director, and deep-space navigator: http://s.si.edu/1jeUBCw
Image Credit: Image by Paul E. Alers, NASA
"22.11.2015 17:00:06" Timeline Photos On this, the anniversary of President John F. Kennedy's assassination in 1963, we remember the role he played in the country's efforts to explore space. Most significantly, in 1961 he challenged the nation to commit to sending Americans to the Moon “
"21.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Document of the Week:
Memorandum from: George W. Lewis
To: Langley Memorial Aeronautical Laboratory
Date: October 31, 1922
Subject: Reorganization of Committee's Staff
In this memorandum George Lewis, at the time the Executive Officer of the Natio
"20.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (November 20) in 1998, the Zarya Control Module, the first component of the International Space Station (ISS), launched atop a Russian Proton Rocket from the Baikonur Cosmodrome. Also known as the Functional Cargo Block (Russian acronym F
"19.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Today (November 19) in 1969, the crew of Apollo 12 makes the second human landing on the Moon. Astronaut Pete Conrad made a pinpoint landing on the Oceanus Procellarum; putting Lunar Module Intrepid just 538 feet from the robotic Surveyor 3 that had
"18.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (November 18) in 2013 the Mars Atmospheric and Volatile EvolutioN (MAVEN) mission launched to study the Martian atmosphere and climate. Specifically, the spacecraft set out to learn how Mars lost most of its atmosphere and water to space,
"17.11.2015 21:10:28" NASA Langley Research Center Congratulations to former NASA Langley mathematician Katherine Johnson for being selected as a recipient of the Presidential Medal of Freedom!
Watch Katherine's interview about working at NASA: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=pSH_O700XqE
"17.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (November 17) in 1967, Surveyor 6 made history by becoming the first spacecraft to takeoff from the Moon. Surveyor 6 had landed on the Moon in the Sinus Medii region on November 10; the fourth successful lunar landing in the Surveyor prog
"16.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Today (November 16) in 1973, the third and final crew launches to Skylab, America's first space station. The crew, Jerry Carr, Bill Pogue, and Ed Gibson, completed 1,214 Earth orbits and four EVAs totaling 22 hours, 13 minutes. They set a new record
"16.11.2015 14:30:01" www.youtube.com Gordon Cooper's Mercury Mission Faith 7 Historical B-roll of Gordon Cooper's flight of Faith 7 Gordon Cooper's May 1963 flight in Faith 7 in less than 3 minutes.
"15.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos In 1990, President George H. W. Bush approved a joint resolution designating November 1990 "National American Indian Heritage Month." Join us in a celebration of this rich cultural heritage.
Pictured is John Bennett Herrington, former NASA astronaut
"14.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On November 14, 1969, Apollo 12 launches with astronauts Conrad, Bean, and Gordon on the second crewed lunar landing. The primary mission objectives included a series of lunar exploration tasks by the lunar module (LM) crew, and to deploy the Apollo
"13.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (November 13) in 1971, Mariner 9 became the first spacecraft to orbit another planet - Mars. It launched on May 30, 1971, aboard an Atlas-Centaur rocket. The primary goal of the mission was to map about 70 percent of the surface during the firs
"13.11.2015 13:08:04" SOFIA Stratospheric Observatory for Infrared Astronomy This vintage video shows SOFIA's predecessor, the Kuiper Airborne Observatory, a converted C-141 with a 36-inch telescope. #ThrowbackThursday
"12.11.2015 21:40:31" blog.historians.org National History Day Interviews: Encouraging Our Youngest Historians - American Historical... Dana Schaffer and Beth Marsh answer questions about incorporating interviews into National History Day projects and suggest ways to get involved. Are you supporting National History Day? We do!
"12.11.2015 17:00:01" Timeline Photos On November 12, 1980, 35 years ago, Voyager 1 became the second spacecraft to flyby Saturn. Its main objectives were to conduct close-up studies of Jupiter and Saturn, Saturn’s rings, and the larger moons of the two planets. Built to last 5 years, Vo
"12.11.2015 14:00:04" Timeline Photos Three years ago, in preparation for the 100th anniversary of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), we at NASA History began work on a book about the logos and insignia of the NACA and NASA. We asked Joe Chambers, who had just done a
"11.11.2015 17:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (November 11) 1966, Gemini XII launched with astronauts Jim Lovell and Buzz Aldrin. The primary objective of the mission was to rendezvous, dock, and prove the possibilities of extravehicular activities (EVA) or spacewalking. Developing
"10.11.2015 17:00:01" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) Committee on Aerodynamics Meeting Minutes (excerpt)
Date: October 30, 1947
Two weeks after Captain Charles Yeager had flown through Mach 1, breaking the “sound barrier”, the
"09.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On November 9, 1967, Apollo 4 launched from Kennedy Space Center. The mission was primarily designed to test the Saturn V launch vehicle. The goals of the mission included testing structural integrity, compatibility of launch vehicle and spacecraft,
"09.11.2015 15:42:28" NASA's Marshall Space Flight Center "We are made of star stuff."
#HappyBirthday, as we remember and celebrate the life of famed astronomer, astrophysicist and consultant/advisor to #NASA, Carl Sagan.
"08.11.2015 17:00:07" Timeline Photos Today (November 8) is the birthday of astronaut and doctor Rhea Seddon. A native of Murfreesboro, Tennessee, she received a bachelor of arts degree in physiology from the University of California, Berkeley, and a doctorate of medicine from the Unive
"07.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos On November 7, 1996, the Mars Global Surveyor (MGS) launched on a Delta 2 from Space Launch Complex 17A at Cape Canaveral Air Force Station. It was the first successful US mission to Mars since the Viking landers in 1976. The goal of the mission was
"06.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (November 6) in 1966, Lunar Orbiter 2 was launched to photograph smooth areas of the lunar surface for selection and verification of safe landing sites for the Surveyor and Apollo missions. The mission successfully returned a total of 609 high
"05.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (November 5, 1958), the Space Task Group (STG) was authorized at Langley Research Center. The group managed Project Mercury, the first phase of NASA's crewed space program and was responsible for planning for future human spaceflight projects.
"04.11.2015 21:48:31" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution 55 Years Ago Today: U.S. Air Force pilot Robert A. Rushworth flew the North American X-15 #1 to a speed of Mach 1.95 and an altitude of 48,900 feet. NASA attempted to launch two X-15 aircraft that day, but only the X-15 #1 flew. NASA would try three
"04.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On November 4, 1959, Little Joe 1A launched from Wallops Island, Virginia to test various components of the Mercury flight system. Specifically, its goals were to study capsule dynamics at progressively higher altitudes, test the capsule escape syste
"03.11.2015 17:00:04" Timeline Photos Today (November 3, 1973) Mariner 10 launched. It was the first spacecraft to visit Mercury. Mariner 10 flew by Venus once to put it into an orbit around the Sun that sent it by Mercury 3 times.
The goals of the mission were to discover the nature
"03.11.2015 15:24:47" National Air and Space Museum, Smithsonian Institution Today in 1957: Laika, the female part-Samoyed terrier pictured here, became the first living being launched into orbit aboard Sputnik 2. Laika provided scientists with the first data on the behavior of a living organism in space, helping pave the way
"02.11.2015 21:30:03" www.youtube.com International Space Station Assembly This annotated animation details the assembly of the International Space Station, from the launch of the first segment in 1998 to today and beyond. In honor of #15YearsOnStation - here's a 2 minute animation of the construction of the International Space Station.
"02.11.2015 17:00:03" Timeline Photos On November 2, 2000, Expedition 1 crew members, Commander Bill Shepherd, Soyuz Commander Yuri Gidzenko, and Flight Engineer Sergei Krikalev, reached the International Space Station, becoming its first inhabitants. Since this historic event, humans ha
"01.11.2015 17:00:02" Timeline Photos Today (November 1) in 1994, NASA launched the WIND spacecraft to study the enormous flow of energy known as the "solar wind". The main goal of the mission was to measure the mass, momentum and energy of the solar wind in the space environment around
"31.10.2015 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (October 31) in 2000, Expedition 1 launched to the International Space Station (ISS). For 15 years, humans have been living continuously aboard the orbital laboratory and are advancing scientific knowledge, demonstrating new technologies, and m
"30.10.2015 16:00:03" Timeline Photos Today (October 30) in 1964, NASA Research Pilot Joe Walker conducted the first flight of the Lunar Landing Research Vehicle (LLRV), also known as the 'Flying Bedstead.' The LLRV was built of aluminum alloy trusses and as it's nickname implies was sha
"30.10.2015 12:49:17" NASA Ames Research Center In 2015 NASA celebrates the centenary of the National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA), the government research agency that made American aviation what it is, and the predecessor to NASA. Online now are the planning materials for all the NAC
"30.10.2015 03:49:54" nasa.gov NASA Langley Sets the Stage for 2017 Centennial Celebration Plans are coming together for the centennial celebration for NASA's Langley Research Center, which will reach a climax in June 2017.
"29.10.2015 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On October 29, 1998, at the age of 77, Senator John Glenn returned to space after 36 years. In 1962, Glenn was the first American to orbit the earth aboard Friendship 7. The 1998 mission on STS-95 allowed scientists to compare the physiological impac
"28.10.2015 16:00:12" Timeline Photos Ten years ago, and this year, October 28 is a big day for NASA's Cassini probe in orbit around Saturn.
A decade ago, on October 28, 2005, Cassini flew by Saturn's moon, Titan for the 9th time, gathering data about the moon's surface. Titan is larg
"27.10.2015 16:00:01" Timeline Photos On this day (October 27) in 1964, General Samuel C. Phillips was named the Director of the Apollo Program at NASA. A pilot who had served with distinction in World War II, Phillips became a leader in high technology development programs in the Air Fo
"26.10.2015 16:00:06" Timeline Photos On October 26, 1961, Mississippi Test Operations was established. Renamed the Stennis Space Center in 1988 in honor of Mississippi Senator John C. Stennis, the facility tested the Saturn rockets used in the Apollo program.
Currently, Stennis is test
"25.10.2015 23:31:39" NASA's Glenn Research Center Help #NASAglenn celebrate it's 75th anniversary in 2016! Save these dates for our Open Houses and join us next year. http://go.nasa.gov/1NXMhVu
"25.10.2015 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day (October 25) 2007, astronauts Peggy Whitson (International Space Station (ISS) Expedition 16 Commander) and Pam Melroy (Commander of Shuttle mission STS-120) met after STS-120 docked with ISS. This was the first time that two space missi
"24.10.2015 20:28:05" Edwards Air Force Base #OTD 24 Oct 1968 at Edwards - The X-15 made its final flight, piloted by Bill Dana. In 199 flights, the hypersonic aircraft completed one of the most successful space and atmospheric research programs to date. (Edwards History Office file photo) NAS
"24.10.2015 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (October 24) 1961, the "Manned Spacecraft Center (Houston Office)" was established. More than twenty sites competed for the location of the Center and NASA considered many conditions: transportation in ice-free water by barge, a mild cli
"23.10.2015 16:00:04" Timeline Photos On this day (October 23) in 2001, Mars Odyssey entered orbit around Mars. The probe's goals were to determine whether the environment on Mars was ever conducive to life, to characterize the climate and geology of Mars, and to study potential radiati
"22.10.2015 16:00:03" Timeline Photos In celebration of American Archives Month*, we turn the spotlight on ourselves. Did you know that at NASA Headquarters we have nearly 2000 cubic feet of reference material in the History Office? The collection is comprised of correspondence, memora
"22.10.2015 11:00:03" Timeline Photos On this date, October 22, 1975, the Soviet Union's Venera 9 landed on Venus and returned the first images from the surface of another planet to Earth (shown below). The images included a 180 degree panorama of the Venusian surface. The Venera 9 desce
"21.10.2015 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day, October 21, 1833, philanthropist and inventor Alfred Nobel was born in Sweden. Nobel's early work on making nitroglycerin a practical industrial explosive earned him several patents and led to his invention of dynamite. Eventually, Nobe
"21.10.2015 11:57:35" NASA's Glenn Research Center #NASAglenn kicks off 2016 celebration of the 75th anniversary of the center. #NASAglenn75
"20.10.2015 16:00:03" Timeline Photos On this day (October 20) 1995, STS-73 (Columbia) launched on the seventh scheduled attempt. The 6 prior launch "scrubs," were due to a combination of weather and technical problems. STS-61C, almost a decade earlier, had also scrubbed 6 times. Thus
"19.10.2015 16:00:05" Timeline Photos On this day (October 19) 1899, 17-year-old Robert Goddard, father of American rocketry, climbed a cherry tree and was perplexed by a thought. He recalled later, “I imagined how wonderful it would be to make some device which had even the possibility
"18.10.2015 22:42:10" National Air and Space Museum, Steven F. Udvar-Hazy Center, Smithsonian Today in 1989: Space Shuttle Atlantis launched on mission STS-34 and deployed the Galileo spacecraft, which is pictured here. Galileo explored Jupiter and its moons from December 1995 to September 2003.
Can you name the spacecraft on its way to Jupi
"18.10.2015 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day, October 18, 1952, Collier's Magazine publishes the second of eight articles on space exploration. In the issue, editors announce "we will go to the Moon in the next 25 years."
Collier's, a weekly magazine was one of the top 10 magazine
"17.10.2015 16:00:12" Timeline Photos Happy Birthday (October 17) to NASA astronaut Bill Anders. A graduate of the U.S. Naval Academy (Class of 1955) he was commissioned as an officer in the U.S. Air Force and served in a variety of flying and staff assignments. NASA selected him as an
"16.10.2015 20:21:42" nasa.gov Remembering George Mueller, Leader of Early Human Spaceflight George E. Mueller, Associate Administrator for the Office of Manned Space Flight during Project Apollo, died. He was 97. Remembering George Mueller
The leader of NASA’s human spaceflight programs in the tumultuous 1960s, Dr. George E. Mueller (pronounced "miller") died on Monday, October 12, 2015, after a short illness. Mueller effectively created, and headed, the Off
"16.10.2015 16:00:15" Timeline Photos Six years ago today, October 16, 2009, Operation Ice Bridge made its first science flight to study the Earth's polar ice. These research airplane flights provide a yearly, multi-instrument look at the behavior of the rapidly changing features of the
"15.10.2015 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On this day, October 15, 1958, the X-15-1 rocket powered research aircraft (the first X-15) was rolled out of the North American Aviation plant in Los Angeles, California. This aircraft was 50 feet long with a wingspan of 22 feet. It weighed about
"14.10.2015 16:00:04" Timeline Photos Document of the Week:
From Woodrow Wilson, President of the United States
To Charles D. Walcott, Secretary of the Smithsonian Institution
Re: selection of National Advisory Committee for Aeronautics (NACA) members.
Date: March 9, 1915
"13.10.2015 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On October 13, 1968, the first live television transmission from a piloted spacecraft was made by the crew of Apollo 7. This transmission lasted for seven minutes. The transmission began with a placard that said “From the lovely Apollo room high atop
"12.10.2015 16:00:02" Timeline Photos On October 12, 1951, the first U.S. symposium on space travel was held in the American Museum of Natural History's Hayden Planetarium in New York City. This event was one of the keys in introducing the U.S. public to the idea that human space flight
"11.10.2015 16:00:05" Timeline Photos Today, October 11, 1984, Kathryn Sullivan made history by becoming the first American woman to walk in space. Dr. Sullivan was part of the STS-41G crew flying on Space Shuttle Challenger.
Sullivan was selected in 1978, as part of the first astronaut
"10.10.2015 16:00:06" Timeline Photos On October 10, 1963, the Collier Trophy was presented to the Mercury Program. President John F. Kennedy was in attendance to present "one of the nation's highest space honors" to the Mercury 7 astronauts and senior NASA officials. President Kennedy
"09.10.2015 16:00:00" Photos from NASA History's post Document of the Week:
Flight Report, Captain Charles Yeager flight report – October 14, 1947
As planes became increasingly faster over the course of World War II, pilots began to report losing control of their aircraft due to buffeting at high spee
"09.10.2015 12:58:19" NASA's Armstrong Flight Research Center This year marks 60 years since the Lockheed Martin U-2 had its first flight. Over the years, the U-2 has evolved from a spy plane used for the Central Intelligence Agency (CIA) to a versatile platform for scientific research.
NASA had two U-2s that