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"22.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com When did the leopards on the royal arms of England become the lions depicted today? The medieval bestiary comprised real and mythical creatures, and the medieval intellect wasn't interested in our modern post-Enlightenment taxonomy. "The leopard was thought to be the result of an adulterous union between a lion and a mythical beast called a 'pard' (hence leo-pard)"
"22.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about First World War uniforms The camouflage uniform donned by soldiers during the First World War is, to many, instantly recognisable, but how much do you really know about the garments? "A mass knitting frenzy began, which made the government very nervous about the colourful, quirky garments reaching soldiers at the front. Hence official knitting patterns were issued…"
"22.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The end game: Britain's role in Afghanistan 1947–50 From the 1920s to 1940s, Afghanistan acted as a buffer state between the British empire in India and the Russian/Soviet empire. Although not governed directly by Britain, as India was, Britain controlled Afghanistan's foreign policy and paid the gove Britain once had unparalleled influence over Afghan policies and international relations. Yet in the space of just three years from 1947, Britain's influence in the country crumbled. Why?
"22.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Richard III: A hostage to fortune For all his reputation as the ruthless master of his own destiny, Richard's extraordinary life was, argues David Horspool, ultimately defined by the capricious whims of lady luck... "Richard's decision to seize the throne – and allegedly dispatch the 'princes in the Tower' – was a masterfully ruthless display that astonished Europe. But Richard took advantage of his good luck; he did not make it..."
"22.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Nuclear nightmare: the Cuban missile crisis The Cuban missile crisis was arguably the most dangerous confrontation the world has faced. Mark White re-examines the conduct of the Kennedys... On this day in 1962, JFK made a TV address announcing the imposition of a naval blockade around Cuba…
"21.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – chemicals, feminists and fishermen How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Dame Millicent Fawcett (1847–1929) was a feminist and women's suffrage campaigner. Who was her equally prominent sibling?
"21.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com 1940: the year Mexico legalised drugs The new legislation, signed into law by Mexico's left-wing president, Lázaro Cárdenas, was truly revolutionary: it swept away the old punitive edicts on drugs offences, authorised doctors to prescribe narcotics to addicts, established out-patient cli On 5 January 1940, the revolutionary Federal Regulation of Drug Addiction was signed into law. The selling and purchasing of small amounts of drugs, including cocaine and heroin, were effectively decriminalised, and drug dispensaries were established
"21.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: How did the Colditz escapees plan to get their glider out? Work on the Colditz Cock, to give the glider its full name, began in late 1944... "The idea for the glider came from Major Tony Rolt, who noticed that the lower roofline of the chapel could not be seen from any German sentry posts..."
"21.10.2016 12:00:00" Timeline Photos Get instant access to the current issue for FREE & save 33% on single issue prices when you start a 30-day subscription in-app today! Download & open the free app to your mobile or tablet device to find out more: http://bit.ly/2efcwIA
"21.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Why did news of Nelson's victory at Trafalgar take so long to reach England? News of the battle, which took place on 21 October 1805, didn't reach the Admiralty until 6 November... On the anniversary of the battle of Trafalgar, we ask...
"21.10.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Nelson: 10 days that created a legend The iconic naval victories of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805) made him a British hero. Quintin Colville and James Davey pick out the moments in Nelson's life that propelled him to greatness... The battle of Trafalgar took place on this day in 1805. The culmination of Nelson's professional career; the battle cost him his life…
"20.10.2016 17:30:00" youtube.com NMA | Virtual Tour ADVERT: Discover our shared history at the National Memorial Arboretum's unique woodland landscape and have the chance to win a luxury VIP trip to the new Remembrance centre http://www.historyextra.com/sponsored/thenma
"20.10.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com Test your historical knowledge at English Heritage's pub quiz Fancy yourself as a historical trivia mastermind? Think you know all there is to know about the past? Join English Heritage in London... On 10 November, history fans can test their knowledge in a fun and lighted-hearted pub quiz organised by English Heritage...
"20.10.2016 15:35:00" historyextra.com The Aberfan disaster and women who made history As we approach the 50th anniversary of the Aberfan disaster, historian and producer Steve Humphries talks about how the Welsh village has coped with the tragedy. Meanwhile, we are joined by Woman's Hour presenter Jenni Murray to discuss some of the f "The school was enveloped in this sludge full of stones, which hit at about 70 or 80 miles an hour; it was like a tsunami"
"20.10.2016 14:30:00" theguardian.com This bonfire of the A-levels is torching our culture and history | Letters Letters: A working knowledge of classics might have given pause before we enter into this act of national cultural denial "One ignores the realm and relevance of Dionysus at one's peril, as the fate of Pentheus, one-time king of Thebes, so graphically demonstrates"
"20.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 7 myths about the battle of Culloden busted The final confrontation of the 1745 Jacobite Rising – an attempt to reinstate a Stuart monarch on the throne of Britain – the battle of Culloden is today considered one of the most significant clashes in British history. It saw a Hanover Compelling but often misleading myths have come to surround the 1746 battle of Culloden, the last ever battle to be fought on British soil…
"20.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The delightfully dysfunctional Georgians The Tudors might steal the limelight, but the reigns of Georges I and II were just as scandalous – and key to Britain's emergence as a global power – according to Lucy Worsley. The coronation of George I took place on this day in 1714. He was "just as excitingly dysfunctional as Henry VIII", says Lucy Worsley…
"20.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Juliet Barker At our York History Weekend this November, Juliet Barker separates myth from reality to discover the real Charlotte Brontë... "The medieval period remains my favourite: it hasn't been written about to saturation point (unlike the Tudors), and its sophistication is massively under-estimated..."
"19.10.2016 15:30:01" theguardian.com What should Austria do with Hitler's old house? The question of what to do with sites linked to the Third Reich has long vexed governments – and demolition is not the only option What is your view? (We may print comments)
"19.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 9 places associated with the collapse of Roman Britain The Roman period in Britain is commonly said to conclude in AD 410 when the legions were called home, yet the story is a little more complicated than that... "The fifth century saw the movement of 'barbarian' peoples into Roman territory in far greater numbers – and frequently as rulers or raiders rather than refugees or Roman soldiers..."
"19.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Touring London with Shakespeare, Dickens and Oscar Wilde: 7 must-see literary landmarks London's streets, pubs and clubs have housed some of the most beloved names in the history of English literature... "As a teenager, playwright Noel Coward was caught stealing at Hatchards bookshop. When he was collared, red-handed, he simply said: 'Really! Look how badly this store is run. I could have made off with a dozen books and no one would have noticed'..."
"19.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Kulich The semi-final of The Great British Bake Off airs on BBC One tonight. Here, we step back in time and recreate some historical recipes to try at home... "Often baked in a coffee tin so its shape resembled the hats of Russian Orthodox priests, kulich was a tasty treat after the restrictions of Lent..."
"19.10.2016 11:45:08" BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend Join us for our History Weekend in York featuring talks from more than 20 of the world's leading historians and authors. Will you be joining us?
"19.10.2016 11:43:29" BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend Join us for our History Weekend in York featuring talks from more than 20 of the world's leading historians and authors.
"19.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The history essay: Why Waterloo fires our imaginations The iconic 1815 battle wasn't even the most significant clash of the Napoleonic Wars, so why has it commanded such reverence for over 200 years? "The decisive battle in the struggle to overthrow the Napoleonic empire was not Waterloo but Leipzig". The clash concluded on this day in 1813
"19.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com A brief history of Hadrian's Wall Hadrian's Wall in northern England is well known to tourists and walkers, and has been subject to many years of archaeological research. Patricia Southern reveals some lesser-known facts about how the Roman wall worked… "The fact that we do not know everything there is to know about the wall is part of its fascination..."
"19.10.2016 09:00:00" bbc.co.uk King John: Dysentery and the death that changed history - BBC News Along with a terrible reputation, King John had a grim death but inadvertently laid the foundations for democracy and the rule of law. "His chaotic and disastrous reign came to a heaving end on, or near, the toilet"
"18.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Was King John really that bad?... Yes! Most kings were capable of behaving badly from time to time. Yet, says Marc Morris, when it came to lechery, treachery and shocking acts of cruelty, the king who sealed Magna Carta 800 years ago was in a league of his own... King John is thought to have died on this day in 1216. "Small wonder that some chroniclers imagined him suffering the torments of hell…"
"18.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 5 things you (probably) didn't know about the crusades Beginning in the late 11th century, the crusades were a series of military expeditions mounted by western European Christians in a bid to conquer the Holy Land. The first was called in November 1095 by Pope Urban II and while there is some disagreeme "When caught in the crossfire, women didn't hesitate to don arms and armour..."
"18.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The real King Arthur and his Lancelot: Henry the Young King and William Marshal Thomas Asbridge, author of a new biography of the famed knight William Marshal, explores a remarkable medieval friendship that echoed England's greatest legend... “Henry the Young King seemed assured of a glittering future when he was crowned in 1170. He was tall and incredibly handsome – the golden child of his generation…”
"18.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The real reason Jane Austen never married Acknowledged as one of the greatest writers in the English language, Jane Austen's romantic novels are admired across the world. Yet, while her literary heroines enjoyed romantic wedded bliss, Austen herself remained unmarried all her life. Here, exp Unlike her literary heroines, Jane never took her own trip down the aisle. Why?
"18.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com 6 weird inventions in history Throughout history, inventors have produced weird, wonderful and sometimes dangerous gadgets. Here, we round up six of the strangest… "By 1938, the prospect of Britain entering into war with Germany looked increasingly likely. With this in mind, FW Mills from Kent designed a large pram to protect babies and toddlers from gas attacks that might feature in air raids..."
"18.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Margaret Tudor: The forgotten Tudor She briefly presided over a golden period in Scottish history and was a constant thorn in the side of her brother, Henry VIII. So why does Margaret Tudor remain so obscure? Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII, died on this day in 1541...
"18.10.2016 09:00:00" theguardian.com Scrapping of archeology and classics A-levels criticised as 'barbaric act' Time Team presenter Tony Robinson claims A-level subjects being cut by exam board feels like the 'Visigoths at the gates of Rome' What is your reaction? (We may print comments)
"17.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Life in the Victorian workhouse Dr Samantha Shave and Charlotte Hodgman visit Weaver Hall Museum in Cheshire, a former workhouse and place of last resort for the destitute… "Men, women and children were separated on arrival, to prevent 'pauper breeding'. Even families were only permitted to see each other for a few hours a week…"
"17.10.2016 14:31:00" historyextra.com History Weekend celebrates its debut at Winchester History enthusiasts joined BBC History Magazine in Winchester last weekend, as our popular history festival made its exciting debut in the historic market town... Here we round up some of the highlights of our Winchester History Weekend...
"17.10.2016 12:52:27" historyextra.com What is gaol fever and how was it caused and spread? Eugene Byrne investigates... The last outbreaks of gaol fever to kill significant numbers of Europeans were in Hitler's concentration camps...
"17.10.2016 12:49:25" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"17.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Has history been unfair to Charles I? For all Charles I's undoubted flaws, we should recognise that the much-maligned monarch was handicapped by his father's failings and chronic bad luck, says Tim Harris... "The policies Charles pursued were undoubtedly controversial..."
"17.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com El Alamein: The British empire's last hurrah Victory at El Alamein was hailed as the greatest British military triumph since Waterloo. But, argues Niall Barr, it also brought the curtain down on the largest imperial project in history... "The battle did not resemble the swirling, moving fights of earlier desert battles but rather the grinding, attritional struggles of the First World War..."
"16.10.2016 15:30:00" Timeline Photos Have you visited Bethlehem? What would you recommend? (We may print comments)
"16.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com In search of the real Pocahontas Susan Castillo Street looks beyond the 'noble savage' of Disney fame to reveal a woman who played a critical role in the survival of England's Jamestown colony... "Pocahontas played a far more active role in the survival of England's Jamestown colony than she is often given credit for..."
"16.10.2016 13:30:03" historyextra.com What killed Tutankhamun? Ever since Howard Carter found his tomb 90 years ago, Egyptologists have been striving to establish how the iconic pharaoh met his end... Ahead of the first episode of 'Tutankhamun' on ITV tonight...
"16.10.2016 12:20:03" Timeline Photos Begin a 1-month subscription today & save 33% on single issue prices as well as getting instant access to the current issue for FREE! Download & open the free app today to find out more: http://bit.ly/2efcwIA
"16.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 1945: The race for Berlin During the opening months of 1945 the Allies were engaged in a bitter dash to seize German territory. Yet, says Antony Beevor, as US and Soviet forces advanced on the capital, Britain found itself increasingly sidelined... "Stalin sold the Americans the lie that he wasn't obsessed with taking Berlin first. It was the greatest April Fool in modern history…"
"16.10.2016 11:00:04" historyextra.com 10 medieval dates you need to know Don't know the battle of Bosworth from the battle of Bannockburn? Confused between Magna Carta and Domesday Book? We've got you covered... "The Black Death is estimated to have killed between a third and a half of the population – a devastating and unprecedented death rate..."
"16.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Which is the oldest parliamentary statute still in force? The term 'parliament' did not arise until November 1236, when Henry III first used it in official records to describe the council of noblemen who advised him. This parliamentary statute ensures that any court of law can demand that any person is brought before it...
"15.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Which century saw the most change? From the rise of the castle in the 11th century to the dropping of the atomic bomb in the 20th, Ian Mortimer considers when change was most profound... "The greatest changes of the last millennium have enormous importance for understanding our future, not just our past..."
"15.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Matilda, daughter of Henry I: A queen in a king's world Historian Helen Castor explores how Matilda, daughter of Henry I, came tantalisingly close to becoming England's first female 'king'. "England in the early 12th century had few hard-and-fast principles of government – after all, the kingdom had just experienced the greatest upheaval imaginable, the conquest of 1066…"
"15.10.2016 12:00:07" historyextra.com Q&A: What was the punishment of being 'burnt in the hand'? How was it administered and by whom was it carried out? This punishment was laid down in Tudor times for those who successfully pleaded Benefit of Clergy...
"15.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 12 facts about the Stuarts They immediately succeeded the Tudors, and reigned over some of the most monumentally changeable times in British history – civil war, rebellion, the beheading of a king, plague outbreaks, a disastrous fire and a successful foreign invasion. Yet the Fact 1: The Stuarts had a nasty habit of losing their heads...
"15.10.2016 10:00:02" historyextra.com A brief history of...home ownership in Britain As the proportion of owner-occupied homes in the UK continues to fall, Julian Humphrys looks at the history of home ownership in Britain... "Mass home ownership is a relatively recent trend. In 1918 less than a quarter of Britain's homes were owner-occupied..."
"14.10.2016 15:30:07" historyextra.com History quiz – prizes, presidents and vanilla pods How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Whenever you enjoy a vanilla ice cream, you have Edmond Albius (1829–80) to thank. He devised a technique for successfully pollinating vanilla plants. Who was he?
"14.10.2016 14:30:05" historyextra.com The bloody aftermath of 1066 For all its bloodshed and political drama, 1066 was merely the beginning of the Conquest, and Hastings only its opening engagement. "The death toll of the Harrying of the North was comparable in magnitude to that of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945"
"14.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The 1016 Danish Conquest that led to the battle of Hastings The tumultuous events of 1066 would never have happened without the Danish Conquest of 1016, argues author Justin Hill. Everyone's heard of 1066 – but what about the other time England was conquered and had a foreign king sit on the throne?
"14.10.2016 12:00:05" historyextra.com Domesday Book: The most important document in English history? Why was it made? What does it say about the Normans' impact on England? And what more can we learn from it? Stephen Baxter considers the big questions about this pivotal work... "Faced with the prospect of political and military catastrophe, William the Conqueror unleashed a bureaucratic fact-finding exercise..."
"14.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 10 places associated with the Norman Conquest English history might have been very different had Edward the Confessor's marriage to Edith produced an heir. But as it was the old king died childless in January 1066, leaving his successor to be decided by the sword. Edward's brother-in-law, Harold "If you were a betting man I think you would have put your money on Harold to beat William"...
"14.10.2016 10:00:15" historyextra.com Reassessing William the Conqueror It's time to move away from our old perceptions of William's life and the 1066 Conquest, argues historian David Bates. "Violence against non-combatants, including women and children, was an aspect of the political and military culture of the Middle Ages. Was what William did worse than the many other examples we know about?"
"13.10.2016 16:35:11" historyextra.com The Norman Conquest Marc Morris tells the story of William the Conqueror's dramatic victory of 1066 and explores its profound legacy for England. "I think it's worth reminding people that while *we* know that 1066 is the decisive date, people at the time didn't – they didn't know; the Norman Conquest might have been just a three-year blip"
"13.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The ultimate Normans guide To mark the 950th anniversary of William's great victory, a new BBC History Magazine collector's edition charts the history of the Normans, from their Viking origins to the reign of their last English monarch... There is still plenty of lively debate about the key moments and characters of the Norman age - even at a distance of 1,000 years, history rarely stands still...
"13.10.2016 14:30:45" historyextra.com Q&A: If the battle of Hastings had never taken place, would British history have been any different? The death of Harold and hundreds of other powerful men in 1066, as well as during the years of rebellion that followed, quickly led to the disinheritance of an entire ruling class. "The battle of Hastings changed everything..."
"13.10.2016 13:32:00" historyextra.com Hastings, Stamford Bridge and Gate Fulford: three battles that lost England Having taken – by fair means or foul – the crown, Harold Godwinson's first and only year as England's king was derailed in three momentous battles. Frank McLynn leads us through the events that brought the Anglo-Saxon era to a traumatic end. "Harold had lost many of his best housecarls and using the fyrd soldiers to guard the outlying approaches to the hilltop proved costly. Their indiscipline allowed the Normans to stage feigned retreats and pick off the English as they foolishly rushed from
"13.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Norman women: the power behind the thrones History tends to focus on kings, warriors and bishops – but a number of 11th-century women were hugely influential in war, state and church. Leonie Hicks introduces a quartet of powerful Norman women. "History records these women primarily because they married powerful men, but during their marriages these women themselves exercised power in various ways – primarily through patronage…"
"13.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Where history happened: Norman churches Historian and broadcaster Marc Morris looks at the influence of the Normans on the English church, and discusses eight related places... “'We wretches are destroying the work of the saints, thinking in our insolent pride that we are improving them,' wept Wulfstan of Worcester as the roof was ripped from his cathedral in 1084..."
"12.10.2016 14:31:19" historyextra.com 5 royal births that rocked a nation As Kate Williams demonstrates, the British royal family's quest to produce successors has been nothing if not eventful… "In January 1796, the future George IV wrote that his wife had been delivered of an 'immense girl' after 'a terrible hard labour'..."
"12.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 1066 – how the Viking diversion cost Harold his throne Friday sees the 950th anniversary of the most famous battle in English history, at Hastings. But two other battles were also fought in England in 1066, and they probably cost King Harold Godwinson his crown. In each of these the opponent was King Har "It was indisputably Hardrada and his Viking invaders, though soundly beaten by him, that in the end cost Harold his crown and his life"
"12.10.2016 12:15:00" historyextra.com Recipes from the Tudor kitchen From 'stew of the flesh' to 'baked orenges'; 'malaches of pork' to a 'dysschefull of snowe', Tudor cooks certainly had a weird and wonderful selection of recipes at their fingertips… It's Tudor week on tonight's Great British Bake Off!
"12.10.2016 11:15:00" historyextra.com In search of the Normans: who were they? David Bates considers who the famously conquering Normans really were, more than 1,100 years on from the foundation of the duchy of Normandy... "How did the 'Vikings' of 911 become the 'Normans' of the 11th century?"
"12.10.2016 10:16:58" historyextra.com Q&A: Who was Eadnoth the Staller? Eadnoth the Staller was one of England's most significant quislings: an Anglo-Saxon official and landowner who nonetheless took up service with the new Norman regime, after 1066. Eadnoth occupied a prominent role at the court of Edward the Confessor...
"11.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 of Britain's best battlefields From the Isles of Scilly to the Scottish Highlands, Britain is dotted with hundreds of battlefields. Julian Humphrys of the Battlefields Trust picks eight of the best to visit... "The English were worn down by a combination of shock action and archery at Hastings. The English line broke and Harold was hacked to death..."
"11.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 10 surprising facts about William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest The first Norman king of England, William the Conqueror changed the course of England's history when he invaded in 1066. Here, ahead of the 950th anniversary of the battle of Hastings on 14 October, historian Marc Morris shares 10 lesser-known facts Forget the conspiracy theories – the battle of Hastings was indeed fought at Battle, near Hastings, says Marc Morris…
"11.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Castles of the Conqueror When William the Conqueror invaded England he introduced a startling new military tactic. Marc Morris explains why the castle was the key to the Norman conquest... "From having almost no castles before 1066, the country was quickly crowded with them. According to one estimate, between 500 and 1,000 had been constructed by the end of the 11th century…"
"11.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The Norman conquest Professor David Bates and Spencer Mizen visit Norwich Castle to discover how the people of England adapted to life under their new masters... "To say that William's conquest of England was a traumatic event in the country's history is an understatement of huge proportions..."
"11.10.2016 10:42:04" Timeline Photos Have you visited Barcelona? What would you recommend to travellers? (We may print comments)
"11.10.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The Anglo-Saxon who (almost) united Britain Nick Higham introduces a true heavyweight of early English history. In AD 675, the Northumbrian ruler Ecgfrith was so powerful that he effectively made himself 'high-king' of Britain...
"10.10.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com 7 of England's best medieval buildings From Gothic cathedrals to defensive fortresses, England boasts a multitude of remarkable medieval buildings. Here we round up seven of our favourites… "Built by William the Conqueror to secure his hold on London, the imposing White Tower at the heart of the Tower of London complex was designed to awe and subdue the local population"
"10.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Where history happened: Stephen and Matilda This little-known power struggle between competing claimants to the throne had consequences that reverberated through history. We visit eight places associated with the dispute... "In the years after the Norman Conquest there were no set laws to decide who should replace a deceased monarch"
"10.10.2016 14:30:01" careers-immediatemedia.icims.com Careers | Immediate Media Co Want to work for us? We're looking for a talented and experienced Digital Editor for a maternity cover post
"10.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Setting the scene for the Norman conquest In the summer of 1013, the Danish king Svein, accompanied by his son Cnut, launched an invasion of England – the first of the two successful conquests England would witness in the 11th century, but by far the less well known. It is often forgotten that the Norman conquest was preceded by another invasion of England some 50 years earlier – that led by Cnut in 1015–16…
"10.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Normans: a timeline Marc Morris traces the story of the Normans from Viking settlement in northern France to the loss of Normandy by King John. To kick off our Normans Week…
"10.10.2016 11:25:05" BBC History Magazine
"10.10.2016 11:21:00" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"10.10.2016 10:45:00" Do you have a burning historical question? Email it to firstname.lastname@example.org and we may publish it in the magazine
"09.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The man who tried to assassinate Queen Victoria On 10 June 1840, unemployed Londoner Edward Oxford tried to shoot dead the pregnant Queen Victoria as she rode in an open carriage with her husband on Constitution Hill... "Oxford stepped from the shadows and fired both his pistols in rapid succession. It was not immediately clear if Victoria had been hit..."
"09.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com How the Wild West was spun The Wild West was a bountiful paradise tamed by swaggering patriots who did their talking at the point of a gun. That, at least, is the Hollywood version of events... Ahead of 'Wild West: America's Great Frontier' on BBC Two tonight...
"09.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Georgian Britain: sex in high places Susan Law reveals how a series of sordid scandals involving some of the most powerful men in Georgian Britain led many people to question whether the nobility was fit to rule... "Lurid tales of infidelity among the Georgian nobility continued to draw extensive coverage in print..."
"09.10.2016 11:30:01" historyextra.com History Explorer: The Restoration Dr Ronald Hutton and Daniel Cossins visit Banqueting House in London to explore the overthrow of the British Commonwealth and Charles II's perilous path to the throne in 1660... “The public was tired of years of political insecurity, crushing over-taxation and military rule. They imagined that, whatever the king stood for, he was bound to be better than that...”
"08.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon age in Britain was one of the most mysterious and fascinating in history... "The people we call Anglo-Saxons were actually immigrants from northern Germany and southern Scandinavia..."
"08.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon age in Britain was one of the most mysterious and fascinating in history... "The people we call Anglo-Saxons were actually immigrants from northern Germany and southern Scandinavia..."
"08.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 5 things you didn't know about the secret spying arm of the Post Office Formed around 1653, the 'Secret Office' operated within the shadows of the General Post Office (GPO) as a covert state spying institution... "Secrecy was at the heart of these operations. If foreign governments realised their mail was being read, they could instead send it by special messenger, denying Britain access to valuable intelligence..."
"08.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Gothic wonder: 5 spectacular buildings of medieval England The early medieval period was one of the greatest for English art and architecture... "The 14th-century masons used a type of stone cage-work to cover up the old dumpy Norman building underneath – a sort of Gothic botox..."
"08.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com "More blood! Much more blood!" Lucy Worsley on Britons' fascination with murder Lucy Worsley selects a series of objects that testify to Britons' fascination with this most grisly of crimes – from the Regency to the Second World War... "A new obsession with murder came to dominate the entertainment industry in the 19th century. It's an obsession that remains with us to this day, when detectives and dead bodies dominate TV schedules..."
"07.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 great misconceptions of the Civil War It was an accidental war. It was fought by gentlemen. Cromwell was the key to victory... Our experts explore 10 myths of the seismic 17th-century conflict... "At least one in 10 – perhaps as many as one in five – men in England and Wales fought in the Civil War. The loss of life, in proportion to the national population, was greater than in the First World War..."
"07.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Debate: Is British history too fixated with the story of the world wars? We asked historians Dr Nick Lloyd and Dr Tracy Borman to give their opinions on the idea that we in Britain are too fixated with the story of the world wars… "Until recent times, the world wars dominated the national curriculum – so much so that children could have been forgiven for believing that little else happened between the end of the Tudor era and modern times..."
"07.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The search for Henry I: what you need to know Last month it was announced that a grave possibly belonging to the medieval king Henry I may have been located underneath a car park in Reading "If we uncover the high altar we will then be able to extrapolate the likely location of Henry I's grave"
"07.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Nazi super-cows and defamed Gods: 7 strange and forgotten moments in history History is full of weird and wonderful happenings. But, argues Jem Duducu, often the most intriguing tales are forgotten and fall away into obscurity... "Heck cows were specially bred to simulate what – according to Nazi theories – a 'racially pure' cow would have looked like…"
"06.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Lenin and the Russian revolutions Catherine Merridale recounts the future Soviet leader's famous 1917 journey to Petrograd, while Helen Rappaport details the fate of foreign national caught up in that year's upheavals... "To their horror, this glorious revolution was turning into a hideous, brutal, dictatorial despotism..."
"06.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 Viking myths busted How violent were the Vikings really, and did they actually wear horned helmets? Janina Ramirez unpicks eight myths about them… "Let's get this out of the way straight off: there is no evidence that the Vikings wore horned helmets. Nothing like this has ever been discovered in any archaeological dig..."
"06.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Where history happened: the Tudor navy Charlotte Hodgman speaks to David Loades about the rise of the Tudor navy, and takes a look at eight related places... "Naval warfare underwent major changes during the 16th century, and the advent of heavy artillery made a huge difference to combat at sea..."
"06.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com In profile: Marie Antoinette Here, we look at the life and downfall of the famous French queen... "Marie and her ladies-in-waiting would dress up as shepherdesses and pretend to be peasants, walking around the farm and milking the cows and sheep..."
"06.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: When was the first wheelchair introduced? Perhaps in ancient China, though you'll find examples of disabled individuals being moved around on wheeled furniture in almost any place and era... "John Joseph Merlin (1735–1803) created one prototype, though he was more famous for designing roller-skates he demonstrated by skating into a party, and smashing into a mirror..."
"05.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The face of Cleopatra: was she really so beautiful? She was described by the Roman historian Cassius Dio as “a woman of surpassing beauty”, and is portrayed by Hollywood as a glamorous seductress. But was Cleopatra really the famous beauty she is often depicted as? Professor Kevin Butcher investigates That Cleopatra was no beauty queen is hardly a revelation…
"05.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Gladiators in Ancient Rome: how did they live and die? Hollywood likes to cast them as heroic freedom fighters, but what was life really like for Rome's arena-warriors? "This was not a free-for-all, but a fight that had to be carried out within a framework of rules and rituals..."
"05.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: A delicate chewit Ahead of tonight's episode of 'The Great British Bake Off', we recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "A chewit is a 16th-century pie that mixes sweet and savoury flavours. Tudor recipes often refer to 'coffins' – robust pastry designed more to contain filling than to be eaten…"
"05.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Alfred the Great: do we overplay his 'greatness'? Alex Burghart asks if we're guilty of overplaying Alfred's greatness... Did the Anglo-Saxon icon owe his success to serendipity?
"05.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com What sort of relationship did Mary Tudor have with Thomas Cromwell? I would have assumed that they would have hated each other, being on opposite sides of the religious divide, but every time I read a book about either of them the relationship seems closer. I believe On this day in 1518 the two-year-old Mary Tudor was formally betrothed to Francois, Dauphin of France, who was also only two at the time
"05.10.2016 10:36:33" bbc.co.uk Be Cleopatra not a Kardashian, girls advised - BBC News Young women should model themselves on Shakespeare's heroines instead of reality stars like Kim Kardashian West, says top head teacher. Who do you think is history's greatest heroine and why? (We may print comments)
"04.10.2016 14:30:43" historyextra.com Kings and Queens in profile: Jane Seymour Elizabeth Norton tells you everything you need to know about Jane Seymour, queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of Henry VIII... "When Henry sent Jane a letter and a purse of gold, she refused them, declaring that she had 'no greater riches than her honour, which she would not injure for a thousand deaths'..."
"04.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Sexy shoes: 5 things our footwear has said about us through history Shoes have, through history, revealed much about the wearer – from their social status to their sexual appetite… "France's flamboyant Louis XIV started several fashion trends, including the high red heel, which elevated the short monarch above the masses and alerted onlookers to his high status…"
"04.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com 10 famous people in history and their bizarre pets We 21st-century types are dedicated pet-lovers – the UK pet industry alone is worth an estimated £4bn – but we shouldn't think this is a recent obsession. The bond between human and animal has often been a close one, and some of history's most famous On World Animal Day…
"04.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The great British civil rights scandal: the 1963 Bristol bus boycott As Martin Luther King pursued his dream in America, a campaign for racial equality was making waves across the Atlantic... “If you were a young black person living in Britain, you couldn't be a policeman, an ambulanceman or fireman. You couldn't go into pubs, hotels, swimming pools, and now you couldn't drive on the buses..."
"04.10.2016 10:05:00" historyextra.com Great Misconceptions: There is a Nobel Prize for economics In 1888 a French newspaper prematurely published Nobel's obituary, claiming that the inventor of dynamite “became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before” Historically Alfred Nobel never instituted a prize in economics...
"03.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com History explorer: Blenheim Palace and Capability Brown Nige Tassell and Dr Sarah Rutherford visit Blenheim Palace to reflect on the great landscape architect... Ahead of 'Capability Brown's Unfinished Garden' on BBC Four tonight...
"03.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Shakespeare: 7 burning questions about his life Here, Paul Edmondson asks some of the most pressing questions about Shakespeare's life... Did Shakespeare grow tired of his wife? Why was he so wealthy? And which portraits of him can we trust?
"03.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Q&A: What was the punishment of being 'burnt in the hand'? How was it administered and by whom was it carried out? "This punishment was laid down in Tudor times for those who pleaded Benefit of Clergy, whereby members of the church found guilty of felonies were spared the death sentence..."
"03.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com A murder of crows: 10 collective nouns you didn't realise originate from the Middle Ages From a 'pride of lions' to a 'misbelief of painters', many of the terms we use every day have roots in the medieval period... "Collective nouns are one of the most charming oddities of the English language. But have you ever stopped to wonder where these peculiar terms actually came from?"
"02.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The history of Ireland: 11 milestone moments From the arrival of Christianity to the Good Friday Agreement, Neil Hegarty selects 11 key events in the history of Ireland... "In September 1845, as the first potatoes were being lifted in fields across Ireland, word began to spread of a disease affecting the new crop..."
"02.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Queen Victoria's children Queen Victoria and her consort Prince Albert were passionate lovers with a mutual physical attraction but with seemingly no understanding of family planning. The result was nine children: four boys and five girls born between 1840 and 1857. What was Queen Victoria like as a mother?
"02.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com The legacy of the First World War and Gandhi's early years David Reynolds explains how the First World War shaped the 20th century, while Ramachandra Guha considers Mahatma Gandhi's formative years... Gandhi was born on this day in 1869...
"02.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Inside the mind of Richard III What made England's most controversial king tick? Was he vain, voluble, a spendthrift? And did he love his wife? Chris Skidmore reveals all... Richard III was born on this day in 1452
"01.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Dancing through history Lucy Worsley explores how five influential dances made their marks on British society – from the 'depravity' of the German waltz to the swagger of the Lambeth Walk... "The minuet, the most important dance in 18th-century Britain, began life at the French court at Versailles in the 1670s, during the reign of the dance-mad King Louis XIV"
"01.10.2016 14:31:45" historyextra.com Top 11 monarchs in British history Andrew Gimson selects his top 11 monarchs in English – and then British – history since 1066... "Elizabeth had amorous friendships, but never married. She employed outstanding ministers, but never allowed herself to be dominated. She is, in my view, England's greatest monarch..."
"01.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of witches by Suzannah Lipscomb Between 1482 and 1782, thousands of people across Europe were accused of witchcraft and subsequently executed. But why were so many innocent people suspected? "One in five 'witches' across Europe were male, and in some places, males predominated – in Moscow, male 'witches' outnumbered women 7:3..."
"01.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Mary I: a highly impressive queen cut off in her prime 'Bloody Mary' Tudor was long branded a religious bigot and a military failure. Yet as Anna Whitelock explains, the first woman to wear the crown of England was a political pioneer who redefined the monarchy. Mary I's coronation took place on this day in 1553
"30.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History quiz – songs, space stations and capital cities How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Who, when asked what their favourite songs were, is supposed to have replied: “I only know two tunes. One is 'Yankee Doodle' and the other one isn't”?
"30.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Joan of Kent: a perfect princess? An English noblewoman with a controversial marital history, Joan of Kent (1328–85) was an unconventional bride for a future king of medieval England... "Marriage to Joan would not bring any political or diplomatic advantage to the Black Prince. In addition, Joan was a widow with four children..."
"30.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Peasants' Revolt: did Richard II side with the rebels? Juliet Barker explains how the 1381 Peasants' Revolt may have found an unlikely champion – the boy-king himself. Richard II abdicated on this day in 1399
"30.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: What was written on Neville Chamberlain's piece of paper? I've seen the footage of Neville Chamberlain stepping off a plane waving a bit of paper many times. But what was actually written on the paper and does it still exist? Chamberlain arrived at Heston aerodrome in the autumn of 1938 brandishing his "piece of paper" and proclaiming "peace for our time". The deeper story of that document is an intriguing one…
"30.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Winchester and York History Weekends: 5 minutes with George Goodwin In 1757, Benjamin Franklin came to Britain as a world-renowned scientist with access to kings and prime ministers… "Benjamin Franklin wanted a British empire of North America. That is until he was forced to flee London in 1775. Only then did he go on to become one of America's greatest patriots..."
"29.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Historical television and the battle of Flodden Tony Robinson discusses his new autobiography and the impact of shows such as Time Team and Blackadder. Meanwhile, Dr Katie Stevenson explores the 1513 battle of Flodden and its consequences for Scotland "It's not just that the king dies, it's that there are such a significant number of men involved in his campaign who died – that's not expected; the sheer loss and large-scale loss of life"
"29.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Who were the Celts? Historians have been puzzling over this most enigmatic of ancient peoples for centuries, but are we any closer to establishing their origins? Barry Cunliffe investigates... "Much of our popular picture of the Celts – hairy, naked savages rushing blindly into battle – comes from very biased sources..."
"29.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The Maya and the apocalypse A global poll conducted by Ipsos in 2012 found that 10 per cent of people believed that the world was very shortly about to come to an end. The source of this global fear is a rather curious one: the ancient Maya. According to many experts the Maya's The ancient Maya foretold the end of the world on 21 December 2012. Or did they?
"29.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com The British generals whose infighting lost the battle of the Somme Strained relations between General Sir Douglas Haig, commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), and Sir Henry Rawlinson, the commander of the British 4th Army, are largely to blame for the failure of the battle of the Somme, says hi Did Rawlinson realise that Haig's plan unnecessarily put the lives of his men at risk, yet refuse to challenge it because of the gentleman's code of honour?
"29.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Nelson: 10 days that created a legend The iconic naval victories of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805) made him a British hero. Quintin Colville and James Davey pick out the moments in Nelson's life that propelled him to greatness... Lord Nelson was born on this day in 1758
"29.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Were the martial songs in Nazi newsreels typical of the period? Military marches have been a staple of martial music for years, of course, providing a steady rhythm to which soldiers can march... In time every branch of the German military and almost every theatre of the war had its own theme tune...
"29.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com 10 astronomers you've (probably) never heard of When it comes to astronomy, we think of names such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton. But a group of amateur scientists helped pave the way for their discoveries... "The astronomy of antiquity was nothing if not practical: telling the time of day, finding one's geographic location, establishing a calendar, and predicting the future..."
"28.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Did King John ever display goodness? Part of the problem in answering this question lies in the fact that the popular stereotypes of John's malicious character are close to the truth. Thus, unsurprisingly, medieval chroniclers struggle to praise – or even find – John's occasional qualit Was King John really as bad as the popular stereotypes suggest?
"28.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 7 surprising Ancient Rome facts Our fascination with Ancient Rome has inspired a glut of books, documentaries, movies and even games. But, writer Jem Duducu points out, our focus tends primarily to centre on just one period... "Rome wasn't the capital of the late Roman empire. By AD 402 the terrible emperor Honorius felt Rome was no longer defensible and decided to move the capital to Ravenna..."
"28.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Finding HMS Terror Abandoned in April 1848 after the expedition party encountered heavy ice in the Arctic's Northwest Passage, the exact fate of those onboard HMS Terror – none of whom survived – has long been a mystery. The long-lost ship of Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin, HMS Terror, has been discovered. What is the significance?
"28.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Britain's Lost Masterpieces: behind the scenes with Dr Bendor Grosvenor Ahead of a new series on BBC Four, art historian and dealer Dr Bendor Grosvenor tells us about trawling through a vast catalogue of the nation's pictures to uncover hidden treasures… "I found an dirty, unframed van Dyck painting. The sitter had one of her eyes badly restored, which made her look like she had a bit of a squint..."
"28.09.2016 11:02:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Marlborough pie As 'The Great British Bake Off' continues, we recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "English chef Robert May created this apple custard pie for his 1660 book 'The Accomplisht Cook'. In the 17th century, English settlers took the recipe with them to the New World colonies..."
"28.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 8 ways railway travel changed everything for Britain James Attlee reveals how rail travel has transformed Britain's relationship with the rest of the world... "Working-class travellers were reduced to the status of things rather than people; forced to ride in open freight cars pulled by much slower trains"
"27.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Victorian phrenology: “To find a good wife, you have to ascertain she has a good head” Many Victorians believed that the key to finding the ideal spouse, and reforming the criminal mind, lay in the shape of their skulls... “A protruding forehead – where the 'perceptive' organs resided – could indicate impressive intellect, whereas a bump on the crown signalled a strong sense of morality…”
"27.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Churchill's military track record examined Winston Churchill, Britain's iconic wartime prime minister, is inextricably linked with the victorious British Army of 1939 to 1945. Yet, argues Stephen Bull in his new book, hindsight, propaganda and the imperative of the defeat of Hitler and Imperi "Churchill was also heavily implicated in some of the worst episodes to befall the British Army during the Second World War"
"27.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 10 ways to start a revolution Justin Pollard offers the would-be revolutionaries among you some light-hearted advice on how to lead an uprising... “Having found them guilty, the Protestants hurled the governors from the window of the Bohemian Chancellery. Luckily for them they landed in a pile of manure and weren't hurt…”
"27.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Horrible Histories author reveals 10 ways to die in Elizabethan England The danger, violence and misery experienced in Elizabethan England is charted in a new book by Horrible Histories creator, Terry Deary... "The executioner picked the head up by the hair without realising Mary, Queen of Scots wore a wig. It bounced across the scaffold..."
"27.09.2016 11:25:01" Timeline Photos Save up to 61%: Receive the previous years' worth of issues for FREE when you subscribe annually today on your iPhone or iPad - that's 26 issues for the price of 13! Download & open the free app here to find out more: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"27.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The fight for women's suffrage Professor June Purvis and Charlotte Hodgman visit the Pankhurst Centre in Manchester to discover more about the remarkable women who risked life and limb for the right to vote... Suffragette Sylvia Pankhurst died on this day in 1960
"27.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Who was Nellie Bly? Born in Pennsylvania in 1864, Elizabeth Jane Cochrane took the pen-name of Nellie Bly from the title character in a popular song when she began to write for the newspapers. In her heyday, Nellie Bly was possibly the most famous woman in America, but she has been largely forgotten...
"27.09.2016 09:00:00" Do you know of any exciting historical events or exhibitions taking place near you? Let us know!
"26.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com The scandal of female miners in 19th-century Britain Readers of The Times awoke one morning in May 1842 to disturbing reports of trousered women and girls working underground in mines... "Images of topless women and girls working down mines caused a furore when they appeared in the British press over 170 years ago..."
"26.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History's big numbers We've asked eight historians to share some surprising statistics from their fields of expertise – from the Roman empire to the Second World War… 1,138 London children were recorded as dying of "teeth" in 1685…
"26.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 historical figures you've (probably) never heard of Earlier this year we asked you to vote for the historical figures you've been talking about, in our History Hot 100 poll. After being tallied, examined and analysed, the results are in. While the list is dominated by well-known names, some more unusu Who was Queen Victoria's cousin Princess Charlotte and what happened to her?
"26.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Rome in crisis After 250 years of stability, the third century AD saw the Roman empire descend into an era of chaos – and, says Harry Sidebottom, its rulers only had themselves to blame... "Valerian became the first emperor to be taken alive by an external foe. It was claimed his Persian captor, Shapur, had Valerian's skin stuffed, and hung in the chamber where Roman ambassadors were received..."
"26.09.2016 12:06:38" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Sir Francis Drake He is remembered for being one of the most famous seamen of the 16th century and for becoming the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. On this day in 1580, Drake and his men returned to Plymouth, England, after successfully circumnavigating the globe
"26.09.2016 11:12:18" theguardian.com Anger as Churchill's home turned into Hitler HQ for Transformers 5 The conversion of Churchill's former home into the swastika-draped HQ of Adolf Hitler for a Transformers movie has been denounced by veterans… "War veterans are horrified that Blenheim Palace has been draped in swastika flags for Michael Bay's latest film..."
"25.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Ancient Greek democracy: as similar to ours as we think? Ancient Greece's most famous export to this day is arguably democracy. America, alongside many nations, recently celebrated the 2500th 'anniversary' of the invention of democracy in "We should not be too complacent as to think that we are more 'democratic' now..."
"25.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Friends, family and rivals: Queen Victoria and the European empires From the tsars of Russia to the kaisers of Germany, Queen Victoria met some of Europe's most notable figures during her reign... After a fierce quarrel, Victoria described her grandson, Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II, as "a hot-headed, conceited and wrongheaded young man, devoid of all feeling"...
"25.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 8 key Viking dates you need to know From bloody battles and brutal raids to epic seafaring adventures, we bring you 8 dates from Viking history you need to know… The battle of Stamford Bridge took place on this day in 1066…
"25.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The quest for the Loch Ness Monster Their critics told them 'to give up eels and turn to God'. Yet, from the 1930s, that didn't stop a number of world-renowned scientists embarking on a hunt for Nessie... "The monster was widely believed to be a descendant of the plesiosaurs, marine reptiles that – according to conventional wisdom – had died out with the dinosaurs 65 million years ago..."
"24.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Wales in the Civil War: the last refuge of monarchy In the 1640s, Britain tore itself apart in �a series of civil wars. The role of largely royalist Wales in these conflicts is often understated, argues Lloyd Bowen... This article was first published "The breakdown in relations between King Charles I and his parliament was as pressing an issue in Wales as it was in England"
"24.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com What are the origins of the word 'shoddy'? 'Shoddy' was cloth made from recycled wool, first manufactured in Batley, West Yorkshire, in 1813... "During the American Civil War there were stories of soldiers' 'shoddy' clothing falling to pieces after just a few days' wear, or even in heavy rain..."
"24.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Smuggling's heyday in Bristol and beyond Dr Evan Jones visits Bristol to explore the city's thriving trade in illicit goods during the 16th century and reveals a very different type of smuggler to the 19th-century stereo "Popular perceptions of smuggling conjure up images of rowing boats pulling into dark coves at night, but the illegal trading of goods was, in fact, a relatively open business during the Tudor period"
"24.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The fear factor: gothic novels Angela Wright reveals how five Gothic novels – dark tales of violence, tyranny and supernatural revenge – reflected the anxieties of the age in which they were written... This article was Horace Walpole, author of the first Gothic novel – The Castle of Otranto (1764) – was born on this day in 1717
"24.09.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Britain's 7 most amazing stately homes Britain's stately homes are as diverse as they are impressive. With their soaring ceilings, landscaped gardens, and secret corridors, there is plenty to explore in these impressive buildings. He Elizabeth I ordered for Mary, Queen of Scots to be imprisoned at Chatsworth after she abdicated and fled from Scotland to England in 1567...
"23.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – bootleggers, books and British astronomers How will you fare in this week's history quiz? "Born in 1902, I emigrated to the US as a boy. I was a bootlegger in the prohibition era and went on to control an organised crime empire based on gambling, with outlets in Cuba, London and the US. I died in 1983. Who am I?"
"23.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Accidental explosions: gunpowder in Tudor and Stuart London The risk of accidental explosions was ever-present in Tudor and Stuart London, argues Stephen Porter... “A moment of carelessness could have deadly consequences. It was described as 'an unmerciful thing if any chimney… should take fire and sparkes fly, or a flint stone strike fire'…"
"23.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com The bloody rise of Augustus Adrian Goldsworthy reveals how Julius Caesar's teenage heir slaughtered his way to power... Roman emperor Augustus was born on this day in 63 BC...
"23.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com How to survive in the Georgian court Lucy Worsley dons her best jewels and high-heeled shoes to give us a guide to etiquette in the snake pit that was the Georgian royal court... "Gentlemen should wear a wig and carry a flat, unwearable version of a hat. Because you have to bare your head in front of the king, no one wears real hats at court..."
"22.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Women in politics and Robinson Crusoe Julie V Gottlieb charts the progression from the Suffragettes to Theresa May and Hillary Clinton, while Andrew Lambert tells the story of a Pacific island connected to the famous Daniel Defoe novel “There was a point in the 1930s when women had really taken over the organisation and social life of the Conservative party…”
"22.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Ancient Rome – 6 burning questions Dr Miles Russell answers those burning questions about Ancient Rome you were too afraid to ask... "Not all gladiators were slaves or convicts. Some were citizens down on their luck (or heavily in debt) while others, like the emperor Commodus, simply did it for 'fun'..."
"22.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Winchester History Weekend: 5 minutes with Michael Scott At our Winchester History Weekend this October, Michael Scott will examine ancient global history, focusing around three key moments in which politics, warfare and religion helped forge a connected ancient world… "I went to Greece on a school trip and had my 17th birthday at the ancient site of Olympia. Seeing the ancient world before my eyes just brought it all alive for me..."
"22.09.2016 12:00:02" historyextra.com Anne of Cleves: Henry VIII's most successful queen For centuries, Anne of Cleves has been cast as a hapless figure who so repelled Henry VIII that he was unable to consummate their marriage. Yet in truth she was a popular, pragmatic woman who fou Anne of Cleves was born on this day in 1515
"22.09.2016 11:25:01" Timeline Photos For just £37.99, enjoy the last 13 back issues plus the next 13 issues published when you start an annual subscription in-app today. That's a massive a saving of 61%! Ends 30th September '16. Open the iOS app now to find out more: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"22.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The fight for women's suffrage Professor June Purvis and Charlotte Hodgman visit the Pankhurst Centre in Manchester to discover more about the remarkable women who risked life and limb for the right to vote... Suffragette Christabel Pankhurst was born on this day in 1880...
"21.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Historical recipe corner: Homity pie It's pastry week on tonight's Great British Bake Off. Here, we take a step back in time and recreate a delightful historical pastry-based recipe for you to try at home... "Homity pie was popular with land girls during the Second World War. The original recipe would have used rationed foods like cheese, eggs and butter frugally..."
"21.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Alfred remains the greatest "His bones may prove elusive but Alfred remains the greatest", according to Michael Wood. "Alfred was not only the greatest Briton, but also one of the greatest rulers of any time and place", says Michael Wood...
"21.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Napoleon's great cultural charade Many of his contemporaries suspected that he harboured no genuine love for the arts. So why was Napoleon so desperate to project himself as a connoisseur of culture? Alan Forrest investigates... "Napoleon had a rare flair for publicity and propaganda, employing some of the finest journalists to spread news of his successes and construct his image as a brilliant strategist..."
"21.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Did women revolt in Europe? Were there any movements similar to the suffragettes throughout Europe at the same time? "No other European country witnessed anything like the campaign of arson waged by the Women's Social and Political Union..."
"21.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Was Edward II really murdered? In 2005, the bestselling historian Ian Mortimer caused a storm when he argued that Edward II had not been assassinated at Berkeley Castle in 1327 – received opinion for almost 700 years – and was still alive in 1330. His theory has attracted numerous Edward II was murdered on this day in 1327. Or was he…?
"20.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 9 weird medieval medicines Just as we do today, people in the medieval period worried about their health and what they might do to ward off sickness, or alleviate symptoms if they did fall ill. Here, historian Toni Mount reveals some of the most unusual remedies commonly used… "For him that has quinsy – a severe throat infection: Take a fat cat and flay it well, clean and draw out the guts. Take the grease of a hedgehog and the fat of a bear and resins and fenugreek and sage and gum of honeysuckle and virgin wax"
"20.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Nelson: the unhappy admiral Nelson wrote that he had "never known happiness beyond moments", but John Sugden challenges those who claim that he wanted to die at Trafalgar... “The Nelsons were relatively poor. Naval successes earned Nelson a coat-of-arms and a peerage, but these merely elevated him into a social position he had no means of supporting…”
"20.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Where did the monks go after the dissolution of the monasteries? Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries in England created the issue of what to do with those being 'expelled' from their homes... "Some members of religious orders chose exile; others offered resistance to the changes..."
"20.09.2016 11:35:00" Timeline Photos Victoria and Albert, Poldark and Demelza… who do you think is the best couple in history and why? (We may print comments)
"20.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Black Death It is one of the worst catastrophes in recorded history – a deadly plague that ravaged communities across Europe, changing forever their social and economic fabric. But how much do you know about the Black Death? Textbooks and serious monographs on the Black Death go on about rats and fleas without qualification. But what is the evidence?
"20.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 tips for surviving on the home front during the Second World War During the Second World War millions of men bid farewell to their families in order to fight for their country. But how did those left behind cope? "Waste was criminal during the Second World War – sometimes literally. In 1942 it became illegal to throw away or burn paper..."
"19.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Drowning in Tudor England: why was water so dangerous? Coroner's reports reveal that as many as half of all accidental deaths in the 16th century were drownings. Steven Gunn and Tomasz Gromelski reveal why water was such a prolific killer... "Rickety bridges, slippery banks and panicky horses all posed threats..."
"19.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com A brief history of music festivals Julian Humphrys looks at some music festivals, past and present... The first Glastonbury Festival was held on this day in 1970, the day after Jimi Hendrix died
"19.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Game of Thrones season six: the real-life medieval history Carolyne Larrington reveals some of the real-life history that underlies the extraordinary cultures and characters that make Game of Thrones such compelling viewing... Following the news that Game of Thrones has broken the record for the highest number of Emmy Awards won by any fictional series…
"19.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The battle of Poitiers and WWII strategy The battle of Poitiers was fought on this day in 1356...
"19.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The shot that sparked the First World War We shouldn't underestimate the killing of Franz Ferdinand in 1914, argues Christopher Clark. This was the event that, above all others, propelled Europe towards disaster... "Strapped around the seven would-be assassins' waists were bombs no bigger than cakes of soap. In their pockets were loaded revolvers. Each carried a packet of cyanide powder..."
"18.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Life in Ancient Egypt: what was it like? Egypt's pharaohs have left an impressive legacy of architecture, inscriptions and religious art, allowing us to reconstruct their achievements with a fair degree of certainty... "An unmarried man was seen as incomplete, and schoolboys were advised to wed early and father as many children as possible..."
"18.09.2016 14:30:21" historyextra.com Top 10 historical Cornish words In spite of strong cultural influence from English, and outright force during the Reformation, the Cornish language has endured for centuries. Here, Dr Kate Wiles, a researcher of medieval scribes and manuscripts, explores the history of the Cornish For the Poldark fans among you...
"18.09.2016 13:30:02" historyextra.com Prince Albert: The death that rocked the monarchy When Prince Albert breathed his last at 10.50pm on the night of Saturday 14 December 1861 at Windsor, a telegraph message was sent within the hour to the lord mayor that the great bell of St Paul's Cathedral should toll out the news across London. Ev The demise of Queen Victoria's beloved husband, Prince Albert, dealt Britain's royal family a hammer blow from which it almost never recovered...
"18.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Cold War in your living room Dominic Sandbrook shows how the tensions between east and west influenced several areas of British cultural life... "Although the Beatles were effectively prohibited in the Soviet Union, their music filtered through, with underground studios cutting bootleg tracks on old medical x-rays..."
"18.09.2016 11:00:02" historyextra.com 18 September AD 96 – Domitian is stabbed Dominic Sandbrook explores how disaffected aristocrats conspired to have the Roman emperor Domitian assassinated... An astrologer's prediction that Domitian's death, when it came, would be at midday, came true…
"17.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about Henry V and the battle of Agincourt He is one of England's most popular kings, famed for leading England to victory at the battle of Agincourt. Yet surprisingly little is known about Henry V... "At the battle of Shrewsbury, Henry had been shot in the face by an arrow that entered below his eye..."
"17.09.2016 14:30:24" historyextra.com How the 14th Amendment is under threat The Fourteenth Amendment is the keystone of the US Constitution and has shaped 150 years of American history. Without it the history of modern America, the very idea of an American citizen, makes no sense. Why, then, are some people in America seekin On this day in 1787, the final draft of the Constitution was signed. Why are some people in America seeking to have the 14th Amendment repealed?
"17.09.2016 13:33:00" historyextra.com Operation Barbarossa: 9 popular myths busted The German invasion of the Soviet Union was the largest military operation in history and signalled a crucial turning point in the Second World War... “German troops, who believed their enemy was on the verge of collapse, were psychologically unprepared for a violent onslaught by highly motivated Red Army soldiers…”
"17.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The year when fear of Napoleon stalked the land As Britain's military fortunes ebbed and flowed in the run-up to Waterloo, the public mood routinely swung from joy to horror and back again. Jenny Uglow tells the story of the year when fear of Napoleon stalked the land... Napoleon's return from exile on Elba propelled many Britons into a state of blind panic...
"17.09.2016 11:00:01" Timeline Photos Get the last 13 back issues for FREE today on your iPhone or iPad when you start an annual subscription - that's 2 years' worth of issues for the price of 1! Ends 30th September '16. Find out more inside the app today here: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"17.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 dangers of the medieval period It was one of the most exciting, turbulent and transformative eras in history, but the Middle Ages were also fraught with danger... "As a result of the plague, life expectancy in late 14th-century Florence was under 20 years – half of what it had been in 1300..."
"17.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Truth or myth?: "The gunfight at the OK Corral was a major gun battle" The gunfight left Billy Clanton and Frank and Tom McLaury dead or dying, all of whom would later be buried in the Boothill Graveyard – the name given to US burial grounds for those who 'died with their boots on'. The 1881 gunfight has been immortalised in numerous novels and movies…
"16.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – petards, jazz, and female prime ministers How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Which well-known British historian also wrote a regular column on jazz for the 'New Statesman' under the pen-name Francis Newton?
"16.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com How King Henry I made and blew a fortune Judith Green reveals how a powerful medieval king raised enough money to splash out on God, wars, weddings and spices... Following the news that archaeologists have uncovered what could be the grave of Norman king Henry I in a car park in Reading…
"16.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Jujitsu suffragettes At the dawn of the 20th century, Edith Garrud was observing a political demonstration at the House of Commons when a police officer told her to move along. She demurely pretended to drop her handkerchief. “Excuse me, it's you who are making an obstru Suffragettes fought back against the violence directed at them by mastering an ancient Japanese martial art...
"16.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Your 60-second guide to the Crimean War A major European conflict of the 19th century, the Crimean War saw an alliance led by Britain and France challenge Russian expansion... Dr David Murphy brings you some need-to-know facts on why, when and where the Crimean War happened...
"16.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com How to send a letter in medieval England In the 15th century there was no official postal service, says Deborah Thorpe, so getting a letter from A to B involved a series of challenges... Some 15th-century writers gave instructions that their letters should be burnt after reading...
"16.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The 'mutes' that attended Victorian funerals When did they first appear and when did their attendance die out? "Dickens savaged them as pointlessly, and often ruinously, expensive..."
"15.09.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Andrew Lownie Ahead of his talk, 'Stalin's Englishman: The Lives of Guy Burgess', we caught up with Andrew to find out more and to learn about his passion for history… At our York History Weekend this November, Andrew Lownie will offer a fresh perspective on Guy Burgess and the Cambridge Spy Ring...
"15.09.2016 16:36:10" historyextra.com Cold War summits David Reynolds and Kristina Spohr discuss the meetings between international leaders that aimed to control the nuclear arms race "Well, do you think this is the evil empire?"
"15.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Q&A: Are any laws made by the Nazi regime still in use? Are any laws created by the Nazi regime from 1933–45 still in use in Germany, or did the whole legal system start from scratch after 1945? "Some aspects of the current German legal code date back to the Nazi period and even beyond"
"15.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Charles II: the king in danger One morning, King Charles II was out for a stroll in Hyde Park, accompanied just by a couple of courtiers. As he was walking along, his brother James, Duke of York, passed by in his carriage, accompanied by several armed guards. Titus Oates, who fabricated the imaginary "Popish plot" to assassinate Charles II, was born on this day in 1649
"15.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com The truth about Viking berserkers Symbolising uncontrollable rage and bloodlust, Viking berserkers were fierce warriors said to have fought in a trance-like fury. But did such people ever really exist? Here, Dr Kim Hjardar investigates "It is difficult for us today to imagine that such demons of war can have ever existed. But they did"
"15.09.2016 12:00:01" Timeline Photos Have you visited Belgium's coast? What would you recommend to travellers? (We may print comments)
"15.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Days of Destiny: 5 key moments of the battle of Britain Kate Moore picks out five key moments from that fateful summer when a group of Allied pilots were engaged in desperate battles with their German foes, hoping to secure control of the skies and prevent a Nazi invasion of Britain. On this day in 1940, the tide turned in the Battle of Britain…
"15.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Agatha Christie Almost four billion copies of her novels have been sold across the globe, making Agatha Christie one of the most popular writers in history... Crime novelist Agatha Christie was born on this day in 1890...
"14.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Semla buns With The Great British Bake Off back in full swing, we take a step back in time and recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "A semla is a cardamom-spiced sweet bread roll filled with almond paste and cream. In 1771, Swedish king Aldolph Frederick died after eating 14 semla (he had just eaten a huge dinner so maybe we can't blame it all on the buns)..."
"14.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The industrial revolution: an age of opportunity Emma Griffin explains how 19th-century working-class autobiographies could revise our understanding of the industrial revolution... "Working 13-hour days from the age of six or seven took a very serious toll on a child's health, development and wellbeing..."
"14.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com How did pasta come to Europe? Greek, Roman, Chinese, Indian and Jewish history, to take a few examples, record various foods which you could claim were antecedents of pasta... "Italian pasta-makers would sit and knead the dough with their feet..."
"14.09.2016 11:05:25" historyextra.com The top 10 military blunders in history Throughout history, battles have been lost to dire weather and bad luck. But what about those for which poor judgment and bad planning are to blame? Napoleon reached the city of Moscow on this day in 1812. By the time he left Russia, 380,000 of his men were dead; 100,000 were prisoners; and more than 50,000 were unfit for further service...
"14.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 5 historical space travel facts From the moon landing to the first dog to orbit the earth, we bring you five historical space travel facts… The Soviet probe Luna 2 became the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the moon on this day in 1959...
"13.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Bad sports? Puritan attempts to ban games in 17th-century England Alistair Dougall describes how Puritan attempts to ban games such as football, wrestling and bowling divided the people of England in the 17th century... “The 'Cotswold Olimpicks' was an annual event. Participants competed in sports that included wrestling, pike-throwing, leaping, running and hunting…”
"13.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History on film: shell shock in the First World War Fiona Reid considers what newsreel footage tells us about reactions to shell shock during and after the First World War... "By 1916, military-medical elites accepted that psychological collapse was a genuine battle injury and that good men could succumb to it. Such men required treatment, not punishment..."
"13.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Does it always pay to trust the cash in your pockets? Chris Bowlby takes a look at the history of money and the institutions that back it. How much do we trust the money we own, or the people who provide it?
"13.09.2016 12:01:03" historyextra.com In pictures: history's most remarkable banknotes To mark the introduction of the new polymer fiver, the Bank of England Museum has opened a new gallery tracing the changing face of the banknote... Today, 440 million new polymer banknotes featuring the face of Winston Churchill enter circulation in England...
"13.09.2016 10:59:51" historyextra.com 10 things you might not know about Roald Dahl To celebrate the centenary of his birth we bring you 10 surprising facts about the author… Roald Dahl was born on this day in 1916. Did you know the author was also a medical innovator and a Second World War spy?
"13.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Bath's reincarnated heretics My mother says that when she lived in Bath in the 1960s, a few women living there were convinced that they were medieval Albigensians reincarnated. Can you tell us any more about this? "Mrs Smith, a housewife in her 30s, told her psychiatrist about terrible nightmares she had been suffering since her teens. He became convinced these dreams were of a past life as a peasant girl in medieval Toulouse"
"12.09.2016 17:00:01" historyextra.com What did the ancient Greeks do for us? To say that we owe a lot to the ancient Greeks is nothing new. Everywhere we look, we see echoes of that world in our own: democracy, philosophy, art, architecture, science, sport, to name but a few... “The ancient Greeks probably would not call our system much of a real democracy..."
"12.09.2016 16:00:00" historyextra.com The Anglo-Saxon cunning woman Women played a leading role in early English society – none more so than the Anglo-Saxon version of the modern female priest. Martin Carver reports... "Anglo-Saxon women played a leading role in the court, in the church and yes, on the battlefield too"...
"12.09.2016 15:04:33" historyextra.com My History Hero: David Cameron chooses Douglas Bader David Cameron nominates Second World War flying ace Sir Douglas Bader as his History Hero As former prime minister David Cameron announces he is to stand down as an MP…
"12.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Was Victorian life really so grim? Rosalind Crone reveals surprising truths about the experiences of the 19th-century urban poor... "By uncovering new evidence and taking a fresh look at old material, social historians have challenged the very grimmest portrayals of urban Victorian Britain…"
"12.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Playing the fool: Tudor jesters Researching the history of jesters, Anna Whitelock found that these courtly fools often had the ear of Tudor kings and queens... "At once entertainers and trusted intimates, licensed truth tellers and candid counsellors, jesters punctured the hypocrisy of court with their brazen, mocking honesty..."
"12.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The 7 best couples in history History is full of extraordinary twosomes – some are remembered for their long-lasting romances, while others are defined by their tragic downfalls. Here we round up seven of the most memorable couples in history, as voted for by History Extra reader JFK married Jacqueline Bouvier on this day in 1953. To the outside world their relationship looked nothing short of perfect, but some claim the couple were heading for divorce when the president was shot dead in November 1963…
"12.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com What happened to Katherine Parr's daughter after her mother's death? Following Katherine's death a matter of days after Mary's birth, the newborn's father, Thomas Seymour, placed Mary in the household of his brother, the Duke of Somerset... "There is a story that Mary survived, cared for by the Aglionbys (a northern family who had once been clients of the Parrs), and married a courtier in the service of Anne of Denmark, queen of James I"
"11.09.2016 14:30:10" historyextra.com What has been found since King Tut's coffin? Aidan Dodson explores the treasures that have been unearthed since Howard Carter located King Tut's golden coffin. At various stages during the 20th century archaeologists believed that the valley's treasures had all been found. They were wrong…
"11.09.2016 13:30:10" historyextra.com Queen Victoria timeline: 10 milestones in the monarch's life From a determined young princess to a dumpy widow dressed in black, Victoria witnessed huge change over the course of her six decades on the throne... "Victoria wrote that 'an ugly baby is a very nasty object – and the prettiest is frightful when undressed'. She compared being pregnant to feeling like a cow..."
"11.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Roman Britain under attack In AD 43, Aulus Plautius, general under the emperor Claudius, prepared to invade Britain. But, according to the second to third-century Roman historian, Cassius Dio, things nearly went badly wrong before they had even left the coast of Gaul. Despite the brutal suppression of British revolts against Roman rule, the empire's writers sought to portray rebels such as Boudica in a surprisingly positive light...
"11.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The hospital experience in medieval England In the Middle Ages there were broadly four types of hospital: for lepers; for poor (and sick) pilgrims; for the poor and infirm; and almshouses or bedehouses... "By the later Middles Ages many leper hospitals no longer housed any lepers at all, instead taking in the old and infirm..."
"11.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The reverend in the lion's den I recently found a postcard, which my grandfather received from his brother who was on holiday in Skegness. The postmark is very faint, but it might be 1937. The writer said he had “seen that de-frocked vicar in a cage of lions”. Someone later circle The famed Rector of Stiffkey got into hot water helping to save young women from prostitution...
"10.09.2016 14:30:29" historyextra.com 10 moments that decided the Waterloo campaign Biblical weather, incredible bravery, inspired acts of initiative and no-shows: Julian Humphrys looks at some of the key events that determined the course of the clash at Waterloo... "It's often said that Napoleon delayed starting the battle in order to allow the ground to dry out, but the chief cause of the delay was probably the need to allow his units to take up their allotted places"
"10.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com How naughty was the past? The hidden depths of the medieval church Hidden messages and tongue-in-cheek depictions were widespread throughout medieval churches. But was the medieval world simply rife with satire or did these etchings and carvings hold deeper meanings? The 'mooning man' gargoyle (with his strategically placed hole) was designed to deflect evil spirits from the church
"10.09.2016 12:01:17" historyextra.com Were vampires buried with a stake through their heart? William of Newburgh's Historia Rerum Anglicarum, written in the 12th century, records two instances of people apparently rising from the dead, the first of which he describes as being a “serious nuisance”. One was dispatched by placing a charter of a "In Britain, it was not vampires but suicides that were buried with a stake through their heart"
"10.09.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Where history happened: Stephen and Matilda This little-known power struggle between competing claimants to the throne had consequences that reverberated through history. We visit eight places associated with the dispute... Empress Matilda died on this day in 1167
"10.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com 7 maps that changed history Whether documenting mankind's growing geographical knowledge, charting great political developments, or promoting an ideology, maps have been an important feature of most cultures... "From marks scratched on rocks by Neolithic peoples to on-demand maps on smart phones, cartography has shaped our perception of the world for millennia..."
"09.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – x-rays, Indian emperors and Greek mythology How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Dorothy Mary Hodgkin determined the structure of which hormone through x-ray crystallography?
"09.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com What are the historical origins of darts? Where does the game come from and is it archery related? "Some darts enthusiasts claim the game originated with archers throwing shortened arrows at the bottom of a barrel, or a disc cut from a tree trunk"
"09.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com D-Day: a resounding success for the Allies It's time to silence the D-Day doubters, says James Holland... "It is time we changed our view of this bitter, bloody episode, and give the Allied forces who fought there the credit they deserve"
"09.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Anthropoid: behind the scenes with director Sean Ellis Released in UK cinemas today, Anthropoid follows the nail-biting true story of the secret operation to assassinate Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi known as 'Hitler's hangman'... "The problem with historical events is that there are many different versions of those events. You can find yourself being a sort of historic detective..."
"09.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Holocaust landscapes The Holocaust, says Professor Tim Cole, is no longer a single, monolithic event, but rather a shifting nexus of chronology and location. In his latest book, Cole considers the places and stories of th "Dumping grounds where prisoners were abandoned to die were, for many survivors, more terrifying than death camps because it seemed that no one was in control anymore"
"09.09.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Period dramas should not be judged on historical accuracy, say historians Historical accuracy should not always be the primary concern in period dramas, two leading historians have claimed Greg Jenner and Hannah Greig discuss. What is your view? (We may print comments)
"09.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Your 60-second guide to the battle of Flodden The battle of Flodden, which took place on 9 September 1513, is one of the bloodiest battles in British history. The Anglo-Scottish clash proved a devastating defeat for the Scots, who lost 10,000 men. The greatest ever Scottish invasion of England took place on this day in 1513…
"08.09.2016 20:00:01" historyextra.com ADVERTISEMENT: Win a 3 night trip to Prague worth £1500, courtesy of CzechTourism To celebrate the release of ANTHROPOID in UK cinemas on September 9th, we're offering you the chance to win a 3 night trip to Prague, one of Europe's most historic and beautiful cities, worth £1500, courtesy of CzechTourism. To celebrate the release of ANTHROPOID in UK cinemas on September 9th...
"08.09.2016 14:30:01" Timeline Photos New issue on sale from today!
"08.09.2016 14:00:00" historyextra.com History Weekends: 5 minutes with George Goodwin At our Winchester and York History Weekends this autumn, George will recount the dramatic tale of Benjamin Franklin's time in London... "The 18th century was long neglected in schools. This may be because of its darker side, including the iniquity of slavery. Yet that makes it all the more important to study..."
"08.09.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com What is a deodand? The common law of deodand (sometimes 'deodant') stated that if the property of one person caused death or injury, it, or its value, was forfeit. If you study old newspapers, you will find plenty of accounts of inquests in which the law is invoked fol A newspaper story from the 1820s tells of a young woman being killed by a runaway horse. It says that the inquest jury "returned a verdict of accidental death with a deodand of one shilling on the horse"…
"08.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Robert Dudley: Elizabeth I's great love The 'Virgin Queen' never married, but one suitor came closer to her than any other. Tracy Borman explores �the complex and sometimes scandalous relationship between Elizabeth I �and Robert Dudley. Dudley's wife, Amy Robsart, was found dead at the bottom of a flight of stairs, her neck broken, on this day in 1560. Whether it was an accident, suicide or murder has never been resolved beyond doubt...
"08.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Richard the Lionheart: King of war Richard I knew the business of war from his early experience in France. But, says Thomas Asbridge, it was in the Third Crusade that the English king honed his military genius. On his return to the west, Richard proved himself the best commander of hi Richard I was born on this day in 1157
"07.09.2016 21:00:01" historyextra.com Q&A: Did the French invent the guillotine? The origins of this macabre device are medieval, although the date of its earliest use remains uncertain. The decapitation machine wasn't invented by Joseph Guillotin...
"07.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Your guide to King Alfred the Great He's an Anglo-Saxon icon, remembered for his victories against the Vikings and celebrated for his love of learning. But how much do you know about Alfred the Great? "There was an element of luck in Alfred's survival in the face of Viking attacks…"
"07.09.2016 14:35:00" historyextra.com London's 10 greatest live music venues: a history Carl Allen, author of London Gig Venues, has researched the history of more than 550 of London's live music venues, present and past. Here he explores memorable episodes in the history of some of the capital's most interesting music hubs… "The Marquee is possibly the most iconic venue name in London. Acts include David Bowie, Black Sabbath, The Cure and Led Zeppelin, to name just a few"
"07.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com A grave dilemma: death in the Victorian age By 1840, London's cemeteries were full to bursting, smelling foul, and posing a serious health risk to the living... "Body snatchers could easily dig up newly buried remains to sell to medical schools. An Edinburgh professor paid around £8 a corpse (approx. £550 today)..."
"07.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Elizabeth I: the monarch behind the mask Anna Whitelock looks beyond Elizabeth I's carefully crafted image as an all-conquering Tudor beauty and finds a balding, frail woman, scarred by pox, crippled by headaches and plagued by bouts of depression... Elizabeth I was born on this day in 1533...
"07.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Criminals of the Blitz Joshua Levine reveals how the German bombing of British cities in the Second World War created new opportunities for lawlessness... On 7 September 1940, the London Blitz began...
"07.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Did Britain doom the Lusitania? The torpedoing of the British liner Lusitania by a U-boat in May 1915 has long been damned as one of the most monstrous crimes of the First World War... RMS Lusitania set off on its maiden voyage from Liverpool to New York on this day in 1907...
"06.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Bosworth: the dawn of the Tudors Wales, 7 August 1485. As the sun lowered beneath the horizon across the Milford estuary, a flotilla of ships drifted across the mouth of the Haven. It had been a week since the fleet had sailed from the shelter of the Seine at Honfleur, but the ships Chris Skidmore charts the origins of the Tudor dynasty...
"06.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com When was the first mosque in Britain built? The first purpose-built mosque in the United Kingdom was the Shah Jahan Mosque in Woking... It survives to this day...
"06.09.2016 12:20:00" historyextra.com Guidebook to the Ancient Egyptian afterlife In ancient Egypt, the end of life marked the start of a challenging journey – one that could be smoothed using the spells compiled in a Book of the Dead. Rob Attar explores how these books were used to ensure a speedy and successful path through the "The Book of the Dead was an additional luxury to shore up and reinforce the chance to get eternal life"
"06.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn: the lovers who changed history What was the true nature of the relationship between Henry VIII and Anne Boleyn, and how did Anne come to lose her head? "Henry wouldn't have been bowled over by her good looks. The surprising thing about Anne is that she wasn't considered to be a great beauty…" Suzannah Lipscomb
"05.09.2016 15:30:02" historyextra.com Did the Scottish mass-murdering cannibal Sawney Bean actually exist? According to most accounts, Alexander 'Sawney' Bean was a Scottish farm labourer born in about 1530 in Galloway... "It must always be borne in mind that absence of evidence is not the same as evidence of absence"
"05.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Britain in 1945: Life in the shadow of victory Maggie Andrews chronicles the joy and trepidation that filled the hearts of Britons on the home front in the early months of 1945... "Victory may have been within touching distance but there was no sense of things winding down – as the 150,000 men who entered the armed forces in the first half of 1945 would have attested"
"05.09.2016 13:30:02" historyextra.com London's 7 most memorable lord mayors From those who distinguished themselves in office to the risk-takers who sought to betray the crown, Emma Hatfield explores London's most noteworthy lord mayors… "London lord mayor William Walworth decisively put an end to the 1381 Peasants' Revolt by killing one of its leaders, Wat Tyler"
"05.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The storming of the Bastille and the French Revolution The French Revolution of 1789 ushered in over half a century of civil insurrection in Europe and around the world... France's reign of terror began on this day in 1793...
"05.09.2016 11:02:06" historyextra.com Jesse James: Three Films Celebrated in dime novels, stage shows, songs, television programmes and films, Jesse James is one of America's most notorious gun-slingers... Legendary outlaw Jesse James was born on this day in 1847...
"05.09.2016 09:59:05" historyextra.com The public schools that left pupils unprepared for modern life William Conybeare, the kindly headmaster who welcomed boys through the gates of the newly opened Liverpool Collegiate Institution in 1843, lived with a very physical reminder of the fact that Britain's public schools needed reform. He monitored the e William Pitt the Elder said he had "hardly known a boy whose spirit had not been broken at Eton"
"05.09.2016 08:20:02" bbc.co.uk Mary Rose shipwreck skulls go online in 3D - BBC News For the first time, skulls and other artefacts from the 1545 wreck of the Mary Rose warship are being exhibited online, as part of a project testing the limits of digital archaeology. "The public website virtualtudors.org offers an interactive view of one particular skull from the Mary Rose crew - that of a carpenter found on the ship's lower deck - as well as several of his possessions"
"04.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 9 facts about London's first zeppelin raid in 1915 It's common knowledge that Nazi Germany bombed Britain in 1940 and 1941, but London also came under aerial attack during the First World War... "A single German zeppelin airship appeared over north London and began dropping its deadly cargo on the darkened streets below..."
"04.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com How do you solve a problem like Victoria? Dr Kate Williams charts the challenges that the young Queen Victoria had to overcome in order to accede to the throne... "Victoria was hampered by an unprepossessing appearance, shyness, a wilful temper, and, most of all, a greedy mother who wished to use her daughter as a tool to power..."
"04.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com When the unemployed blew up Big Ben Joanna Bourke explains how one radio broadcast sent Britain spinning into panic. "Reading this satire today, it seems unbelievable that many radio listeners panicked. But that is what happened"
"04.09.2016 12:00:02" historyextra.com In pictures: dogs of the First World War Throughout human history, 'man's best friend' has offered loyalty and companionship... During the First World War dogs played an especially important role, carrying aid to the wounded, pulling equipment and taking messages between the lines
"04.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Margaret Douglas: the forgotten Tudor princess Lady of honour to Anne Boleyn, grandmother to a king: Margaret Douglas's life was intimately connected to the Tudor period. So why is she so little known? Alison Weir investigates...
"03.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Love, health and the weather: 9 things medieval Londoners worried about As today, people in medieval London worried about health, crime, money, the weather and relationships... "The weather was always a hot topic of conversation in medieval London..."
"03.09.2016 14:00:01" historyextra.com The earthquakes that rocked Georgian London Houses collapsed, sheep ran wild, Westminster Abbey shook and the people trembled in fear of armageddon. Andrew Robinson describes what happened when a series of earthquakes struck London in 1750... “Cats started up, dogs howled, sheep ran about. The water being so much agitated, in several ponds fish leaped out of the water and were seen to dart away in all directions...”
"03.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Victorian war on terror As a train entered London Underground's Praed Street station on 30 October 1883, a bomb was thrown from a first-class carriage. It exploded as a third-class carriage passed. The driver, Stephen Harris, recalled that every light on the train was extin In the 1880s Irish republicans terrorised London with a diabolical new invention – dynamite. The Home Office hit back with a new weapon of its own: Britain's first secret police force...
"03.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about Richard the Lionheart Richard I is remembered for being a chivalrous king, battling Saladin during the Crusades, and for rebelling against his father, Henry II. His name has become an English legend, and there have been numerous portrayals of the king in books and films o Richard I's coronation took place on this day in 1189
"03.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 dangers of Georgian London What was life like on the streets of 18th-century London? Lucy Inglis reveals 10 everyday hazards faced by Londoners in the 1700s – from disease and cesspits to gin consumption… "Smallpox was one of London's biggest killers. Even those lucky enough to recover were often badly pock-marked, with patches of hair and eyelashes missing..."
"02.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com A tiger braves the mean streets of east London London's Commercial Road has always had a dangerous reputation... "On a cold Sunday evening in January 1839 a Bengal tiger escaped from Wombwell's Menagerie casually stalked London's Commercial Road"...
"02.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Moving to medieval England Thousands of foreigners poured into England in the Middle Ages, but what kind of reception did they get from the natives? "How were immigrants identified? Certainly not by the scrutiny of anything akin to passports or official papers. Rather, local juries of English-born men were asked to provide lists of all known 'aliens' living in their communities..."
"02.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Your guide to the Elephant Man Joseph Merrick's curved spine, overgrown skull and 'trunk-like' facial growth made him an object of fascination among doctors and the Victorian public alike... "It was amazing how the myth of the Elephant Man perpetuated over the years. It was claimed that his mother, when pregnant with him, was knocked down by an elephant..."
"02.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Scandalous royal deaths through history From mysterious hunting 'accidents' to the public execution of Charles I, dozens of British royals died in suspicious or shocking circumstances. Historian Nicola Tallis investigates… King William II, third son of William the Conqueror, met a violent end at the point of an arrow while hunting in the New Forest. Was his death an accident, or was it murder?
"02.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Great Fire of London quiz – how much do you know? Test your knowledge of the devastating blaze which broke out on 2 September 1666… What part did Robert Hubert play in the Great Fire drama?
"02.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Great Fire of London One of the most famous disasters in London's history, the Great Fire of 1666 devastated the heart of England's capital, destroying more than 13,000 houses and badly damaging landmarks including St Paul's Cathedral and the Royal Exchange. But how much In the early hours of 2 September 1666, a fire broke out in Thomas Farriner's bakehouse. Within a few days the old City of London was reduced to a charred ruin…
"01.09.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com The end of the First World War and the Duke of Wellington Robert Gerwarth explains why Europe continued to be beset by violence well beyond 1918, while Huw Davies explores the London home of the Waterloo victor "To add up the casualties of these various conflicts, you actually end up with a figure that is higher than the combined wartime casualties of Britain, France and the United states added together"
"01.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Winchester and York History Weekends: 5 minutes with Joanne Paul Was Thomas More a saint or torturer? Hero or villain? At our Winchester and York History Weekends this autumn, Joanne Paul will explore some of the common misconceptions about More... "As a child I remember being drawn to the 'otherness' of the past, the adventure of a time that is not now..."
"01.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Sin City: thievery, prostitution and murder in medieval London If you were looking for a rich stew of criminality, 14th-century London was the place to find it. Bruce Holsinger walks the mean streets of the medieval capital... "Medieval London has more in common than we might expect with the modern urban milieus of TV series 'Prime Suspect' and 'The Wire'"
"01.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com How the Great Fire revealed London's Roman past The Great Fire of 1666 obliterated an estimated four-fifths of the City of London, engulfing more than 13,000 houses and almost 90 parish churches. But, as historian Alison Cooley explains, the fire also unearthed the tombstone of a Roman soldier nam The Great Fire of 1666 unearthed a fascinating relic from London's Roman past – the tombstone of a Roman soldier named Vivius Marcianus…
"01.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Everything you know about 17th-century London is wrong It is an era popularised by Guy Fawkes, the plague and the Great Fire of London. But, as author Matt Brown explains, much of what we think we know about the 17th century is incorrect. Here, writing for History Extra, he picks apart some of the myths "No, Guy Fawkes was not executed for masterminding the Gunpowder Plot…"
"01.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 4 revelations about the Titanic disaster After more than a century of research and debate, what more is there to be learned about the sinking of the 'unsinkable' liner? The wreck of the Titanic was discovered on this day in 1985...
"01.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 7 things that happened in September through history Dominic Sandbrook highlights events that took place in September in history... "By the time Napoleon returned to the Kremlin, he was the master of a city in ruins. His dream had – quite literally – turned to ashes..."
"31.08.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com 10 things you might not know about Simon de Montfort Often dubbed the father of English democracy, in 1264 Simon de Montfort led a baronial revolt, established a constitutional monarchy and revolutionised parliament... "Montfort was slain, stripped of armour and chopped up. The men who killed him were motivated by a fiendish bloodlust worked up on the battlefield..."
"31.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Retaining the royals: why has the British monarchy survived – and thrived? Global fascination with the British royal family, it seems, shows no sign of abating. Why does our love affair with the royals continue to flourish? "Whether by good judgement or good luck, the 'firm' (as Prince Philip has called it) retains as its trademark a blend of change and consistency that keeps it bobbing along, indomitably..."
"31.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com What was life like for a 17th-century Londoner? On the eve of the 350th anniversary of the Great Fire of London, Nick Rennison investigates... "Death was an ever-present possibility – plague was only the scariest of an assortment of diseases that might befall you…"
"31.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Your guide to Jack the Ripper Clive Emsley and Alex Werner reveal the life and times of the Victorian murderer, and tell you everything you need to know about the yet unsolved murder cases. "He was not the first serial killer, nor was he the first notorious sexual predator"
"31.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Henry V: the cruel king Few English monarchs enjoy a loftier reputation than the 'hero' of Agincourt. Yet, says Ian Mortimer, the real Henry V was a cold, aloof man, prone to acts of breathtaking cruelty... Henry V died suddenly on this day in 1422...
"31.08.2016 11:06:07" historyextra.com Diana: the rebel princess Initially presented as the heir to the throne's dutiful, innocent bride, Diana transformed herself into an outspoken and controversial figure. Sarah Gristwood considers a short life lived in the full glare of expectancy and speculation. Diana's death in Paris on this day in 1997 "prompted an extraordinary outpouring of public grief and a commensurate hostility towards the only people who appeared not to care: the royal family"
"31.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Mary Ann Nichols becomes the first victim of 'Jack the Ripper' As London's bells rang in the last day of August 1888, rain was falling. It had been one of the wettest summers in living memory, and there was thunder in the air. On the horizon a fierce red glow seared the sky above Shadwell, where a huge fire had The body of a homeless prostitute, brutally murdered and mutilated, was discovered in a Whitechapel backstreet on this day in 1888...
"30.08.2016 17:00:00" Timeline Photos It's London Week here at our HQ, so tell us: which is your favourite historical site in the capital and why? (We may print comments)
"30.08.2016 16:00:00" historyextra.com Blitz spirit: the Britons who refused to shelter The stoicism of the British people in response to the Luftwaffe raids of 1940–41 is seen as heroic, but their defiance resulted in needless deaths, according to Richard Overy. "Every night of the bombing thousands of people chose to defy the threat by remaining out in the open, or in bed, or in their front parlours, and every night a fraction of them were killed"
"30.08.2016 15:00:00" historyextra.com Personal politics in Elizabeth I's court The Virgin Queen's possessive treatment of her favourite advisors and maids of honour was driven more by political motives than by petty jealousy, according to Susan Doran... "It is highly unlikely that Elizabeth had a sexual relationship with any of her favourites; she was too shrewd and cautious to risk discovery or pregnancy"
"30.08.2016 14:01:46" historyextra.com 9 facts about Buckingham Palace We bring you nine historical facts about Queen Elizabeth II's official London residence... "In 1914 a group of women attempted to breach the palace gates in order to present their 'Votes for Women' petition. Two suffragettes chained themselves to the railings..."
"30.08.2016 12:15:01" historyextra.com Medieval London's worst smells By historical standards, London today is a clean city. Effluent drains through the sewers, domestic waste gets collected, everyone showers daily. But as Dan Snow explains, that certainly wasn't the case in the medieval era. So what were medieval Lond "One woman used guttering to carry away her waste. Her neighbours complained because when it rained their gutters became full of her excrement"
"30.08.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The deathly smog that covered London For five days, from 5 to 9 December 1952, a deathly smog covered London. In some areas, residents faced zero visibility for two entire days. Schools were closed and a performance of the opera La Traviata had to be discontinued because smog obscured t The smog resulted in 12,000 “excess deaths” – it was described as “one of the greatest mass murderers of all times”
"30.08.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the history of London From plague pits and long-shut tube stations, the forgotten landmarks and traditions of our nation are charted by Richard Guard... To kick off our London Week...
"30.08.2016 09:45:50" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"29.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com In pictures: animals through history From dancing horses to unicorns and dogs in space, we take a look at some fascinating animals through history... "Morocco, the famous dancing horse, could reportedly count coins, identify audience members and urinate on demand"
"29.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com History Explorer: Life in the Bronze Age Dr Francis Pryor and Charlotte Hodgman visit Flag Fen in Peterborough, a Bronze Age site that offers a unique insight into life in the Fens 3,500 years ago... “Thanks to excavations of Bronze Age settlements, we know now that the organisation of houses followed the rotation of the sun. Doorways faced south, with food prepared around a central hearth..."
"29.08.2016 12:06:01" Complete Your Collection: BBC History Magazine Download our entire back issue collection for 1-set price this bank holiday & save up to 83%! Ends 30th August 2016. Available here: https://goo.gl/unjz7j
"29.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 8 key Viking dates you need to know From bloody battles and brutal raids to epic seafaring adventures, we bring you 8 dates from Viking history you need to know... "Anglo-Saxon monasteries made rich pickings for Viking raiders. Treasures were stolen, religious relics destroyed and monks murdered..."
"29.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 facts about First World War uniforms The camouflage uniform donned by soldiers during the First World War is, to many, instantly recognisable, but how much do you really know about the garments? Here, Jane Tynan, the author of British Army Uniform and the First World War: Men in Khaki, "The War Office had failed to obtain enough khaki uniforms in the opening weeks of the war, so early recruits were forced to wear replacement 'Kitchener blue'"
"28.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 9 of England's most breathtaking landscape gardens The landscape garden is one of England's greatest artistic achievements. We visit nine of the most remarkable. "With spades as their paintbrushes, English landscape gardeners created masterpieces that surpassed anything on the continent"
"28.08.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com 7 things you (probably) didn't know about Queen Victoria One of history's most iconic monarchs, Queen Victoria (1819–1901) ruled for more than 60 years... "Victoria was infamously targeted by a stalker. Teenager Edward 'The Boy' Jones managed to break into Buckingham Palace several times, sitting on the queen's throne and reportedly even stealing her underwear before being caught..."
"28.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com "I Have A Dream": the speech that America couldn't ignore On 28 August 1963 Martin Luther King issued his 'I Have a Dream' oration to a quarter of a million civil rights supporters in Washington DC. Half a century on, Robert Cook assesses the impact of this iconic moment on the struggle for racial equality. King's speech, delivered on this day in 1963, revealed him to be "the most dangerous and effective Negro leader in the country", said the FBI's assistant director...
"28.08.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Christianity's rocky relationship with sex Of all of history's great cultures, none has got its knickers in a twist over physical love as much as the Christian west, says Diarmaid MacCulloch. How did the Christian churches turn Jesus's few quiet words about sex into an ill-tempered centuries-long argument?
"27.08.2016 19:27:58" www.theguardian.com Joan of Arc ring stays in France after appeal to Queen French theme park has refused to return 15th-century relic that belonged to the teenage warrior who helped defeat English invaders
"27.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com What did Magna Carta mean to the English in 1215? It famously went on to inspire everyone from Cromwell to Gandhi, but what impact did King John's Great Charter have on his subjects in the year that it was sealed? "Perhaps half of England's population of around 3 million in 1215 were unfree. These villeins, or serfs, had very little share in John's concessions in Magna Carta..."
"27.08.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Tragedy on the Matterhorn The conquest of the last great Alpine peak in 1865 should have been a triumph but instead ended in the deaths of four climbers. Here, Peter H Hansen examines its impact on attitudes to mountaineers... "The four hapless climbers plummeted 1,200 metres, their bodies dashed to pieces on the glacier below"
"27.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com A dog's-eye view of Paris Over the past 200 years, parisian dogs have hunted criminals, been eaten as a delicacy with peas, and filled the streets with poo... "The dogs of wealthy Parisians could be buried as if they were human – in 1899 the world's first pet cemetery opened on the outskirts of Paris..."
"27.08.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Q&A: When were punctuation marks first used? It's often claimed that the world's first punctuation marks appeared on the Moabite Stone... "Most ancient written languages in their original forms – Sanskrit, Arabic, Chinese, Japanese, etc – used little or no punctuation"
"27.08.2016 08:00:00" historyextra.com 12 top historical sites in Britain Make the weekend count by spending the day at one of the thousands of historical sites dotted across Britain. Here, we've rounded up 12 of the best castles, palaces and landscapes Steeped in myth and legend, some say the Giant's Causeway was "carved from the coast by the mighty giant Finn McCool, who left behind an ancient home full of folklore"
"26.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The circus in Britain We speak to Vanessa Toulmin, director of the National Fairground Archive in Sheffield, about eight places related to the development of the circus in Britain... "The thrill of watching lions, elephants and even crocodiles prowling the ring made audiences flock to circuses across Britain. For many, this would have been their first encounter with a wild animal"
"26.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The bloody First World War eastern front in 1914 The eastern front encompassed the entire frontier between the Russian Empire and Romania on one side and the Austro-Hungarian Empire, Bulgaria and Germany on the other. It stretched from the Baltic Sea in the north to the Black Sea in the south. Why do the battles between Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany not hold the same recognition as those waged on the western front?
"26.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The A to Z of life in Pompeii with Mary Beard What was life like for the Romans who lived in Pompeii? Not that different from our own, as Mary Beard reveals in her A to Z of the ancient town, complete with yob culture, nightlife and plonk... "Public baths were hotbeds of germs and infection. Ancient doctors recommended not going with an open wound – it could lead to gangrene..."
"26.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Podcast: The Great Fire of London Alexander Larman and Nicholas Kenyon discuss the events and legacy of the 1666 blaze, as we approach its 350th anniversary "Although the fire created a huge amount of damage, it also had positive consequences for the future of London"
"25.08.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com The Black Death: the historians' view Was it inevitable that plague would sweep Europe in the Middle Ages? How long did it take sufferers to die? And what was life like in its aftermath? Here, a panel of experts reflect on some of the big questions of a disease that repeatedly ravaged Eu "People re-established their lives remarkably quickly – medieval society was much more inured to natural and human disasters than is the case in the west today"
"25.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Winchester and York History Weekends: 5 minutes with Michael Wood Ahead of his talks at our History Weekends, we caught up with Michael to find out more and to learn about his passion for history… "If there was any time in history I could go back to, it would be Shakespeare's London in the late 1590s!"
"25.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Britain and France: Empires under fire For Britain and France, victory in the Second World War came at a price, says Martin Thomas: the bloody, chaotic unravelling of their imperial projects... "The Second World War would spark outbreaks of anti-colonial violence that would herald the first wave of decolonisation..."
"25.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The 10 worst Britons in history York Membery asks 10 leading historians who they believe had the most malign influence on the country "The Duke of Cumberland committed genocide on the mainland of Britain. He was the equal of Cromwell in Ireland, terrorising a whole people into submission"
"25.08.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com The Plantagenet royal dynasty: England's ultimate family drama That a single dynasty, the Plantagenets, was able to rule England for 331 years is truly remarkable, according to Robert Bartlett... "Kings without sons were vulnerable – get rid of them, and there would be no heirs to fight back and pursue revenge..."
"25.08.2016 11:55:00" Complete Your Collection: BBC History Magazine For one set-price, get all the issues you don't own & save up to 83%! Download or open our app today to view your personal saving amount... Ends 30th August 2016. Available here: https://goo.gl/unjz7j
"25.08.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 7 (more) facts about the history of medicine Caroline Rance shares seven remarkable moments from medicine's unpredictable, shocking and frequently gory history… Ancient Egyptian medical specialists included the 'herdsman of the anus'...
"25.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com In pictures: 16th-century fashionistas Arguably the Renaissance's first fashion trendsetters, Matthäus Schwarz and his son, Veit Konrad, dedicated their lives to documenting their fashion triumphs and faux pas... “30 July 1525. The bonnet embroidered with velvet. This is when I began to be fat and round”
"24.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The Tudor swimming guide: how we first learnt to swim... It took an eccentric person to write the earliest book on how to swim. He wrote it in 1587, when there were no swimming pools and nobody went to the seaside for holidays... "The guide describes swimming while dancing with both legs in the air and, rather dangerously, cutting your toenails using a knife while in the water..."
"24.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The dark charisma of Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was far more than the frenzied madman of popular perception, argues Laurence Rees. Here was a charismatic politician, brilliant at articulating the fears and desires of the people. "He wasn't a madman, and he hypnotised no one. Hitler's views very often matched those of huge numbers of the German population"
"24.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Thomas Blood: the rogue who tried to steal the crown jewels Thomas Blood died on this day in 1680
"24.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 24 August AD 79 – Pompeii is engulfed by ash Dominic Sandbrook explores how in AD 79 Vesuvius erupted with devastating results... With ash filling the sky, the unnatural darkness seemed "blacker and denser than any ordinary night"...
"24.08.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Why didn't Napoleon invade the Channel Islands? Considering their proximity to France, why didn't the French leader ever try to take the islands? "The harsh truth is that it was never really worth his time to make the effort..."
"24.08.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com A brief history of baking When did Britain develop its love of baking, and was cake always on the menu? We take you on a tour through baking history... With series 7 of 'The Great British Bake Off' starting tonight...
"23.08.2016 23:00:00" historyextra.com At home with the Romans We know how they waged wars and ran an empire. But what did Romans get up to in the privacy of their own abodes? Paul Roberts, curator of a major exhibition on Pompeii and Herculaneum, takes us on a guided tour of the Roman home... "Slaves benefited from belonging to the household and probably had more comfortable lives than many poorer, freeborn citizens"
"23.08.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Did Japan ever sign the Geneva Convention after WW2? Drawn up by international committee in 1929, the Geneva Convention Relative to the Treatment of Prisoners of War was ratified by 47 governments... "While the extent of the atrocities committed are still a matter for intense debate, there is little doubt the Japanese grossly violated the Geneva Conventions during the Second World War..."
"23.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The abolition of the British slave trade British involvement in the transatlantic slave trade was, until very recently, a subject often brushed under the carpet. The idea of thousands of African slaves passing through British ports in abject conditions remains unpalatable to most but, accor On Slavery Remembrance Day...
"23.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The history essay: Why Waterloo fires our imaginations Why has the battle of Waterloo commanded such reverence for over 200 years? "The decisive battle in the struggle to overthrow the Napoleonic empire was not Waterloo but Leipzig. It was the biggest battle Europe had ever seen..."
"23.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you didn't know about Scottish history Dr William Knox from the University of St Andrews explores the story of Scotland and its place within the historical narratives of Britain, Europe and the rest of the world. William Wallace, one of the main leaders during the Scottish Wars of Independence, was executed for treason on this day in 1305
"23.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 7 medieval kings of England you should know about Here, we look back on seven kings whose leadership – whether good or bad – changed the course of English history… "With lands to conquer, rebellions to quash and finances to raise, ruling over medieval England was no mean feat..."
"23.08.2016 11:03:04" historyextra.com Elizabeth I's war with England's Catholics England's Elizabethan Catholics were public enemy number one. Their Masses were banned and their priests were executed. Jessie Childs reveals what life was like for 'recusants' and 'church papists' in a hostile Protestant state. "Torture was used more than in any other English reign..."
"23.08.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The big questions of ancient Egypt Egyptologist Joann Fletcher reveals the latest discoveries and controversies surrounding the ancient civilisation... "Controversy about Cleopatra's ethnicity continues to rage"...
"22.08.2016 16:15:01" historyextra.com Ripper Street series four: behind the scenes with writer Richard Warlow Victorian crime thriller Ripper Street returns to BBC Two tonight for an explosive fourth series... "I don't really see any point in doing historical drama unless it has something to say about the modern world..."
"22.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com What were wooden clog fights? My great-grandfather, a wheelwright originally from Bradford, Yorkshire, used to tell my mother about wooden clog fights. What exactly were they? "The offer of a 'clog toe pie' was not an invitation to sample a local delicacy but a threat, and a naked one at that..."
"22.08.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Royal palaces of the Hundred Years' War The Hundred Years' War was an epic conflict between two nations, England and France. As Anthony Emery explains, over the course of the war the balance of architectural power moved from religious to secular domination; the Gothic style of architecture "Joan of Arc is said to have met Charles VII at Chinon Castle in the Loire valley in February 1429, two months before her success at Orleans…"
"22.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Treachery at Bosworth: what really brought down Richard III David Hipshon explains the reason for Richard's death at the battle of Bosworth in 1485 The battle of Bosworth took place on this day in 1485
"22.08.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 10 great misconceptions of the Civil War It was an accidental war. It was fought by gentlemen. Cromwell was the key to victory… Our experts explore 10 myths of the seismic 17th-century conflict. The Civil War is said to have officially begun at Nottingham Castle on this day in 1642, though in fact fighting had already broken out in several parts of the country
"22.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The quest for the Loch Ness Monster Their critics told them “to give up eels and turn to God”. Yet, from the 1930s, that didn't stop a number of world-renowned scientists embarking on a hunt for Nessie, as Gareth Williams relates... The first possible sighting of the Loch Ness Monster – by the semi-legendary St Columba – occurred on this day in 565
"22.08.2016 09:00:00" telegraph.co.uk Screen Queens: British Monarchs in TV and Film The Crown, a new drama series starring Claire Foy as Queen Elizabeth II, is heading to Netflix this Autumn. But which other actors have played British royalty? Here's our guide to the Kings and Queens of cinema and TV. Who do you think has given the best royal performance and why? (We may print comments)
"21.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History explorer: Extravagance in Roman Britain Miles Russell visits Fishbourne Roman Palace, once a sumptuous building with possible royal connections... "At just over 150 metres square, the footprint of the building was greater than that of Buckingham Palace. To a native of Rome, such exotic decorative and architectural features would have appeared quite normal, but to indigenous Britons, all this colour
"21.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Mary I's phantom pregnancy Perhaps a result of the queen's overwhelming desire to have a child, the peculiar episode had great political consequences for her reign... Had the people been told she was pregnant to keep them happy and supportive of their queen? Had her miscarriage been kept secret? Or had Mary simply convinced herself she was pregnant?
"21.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Tales from Nelson's navy As historical treasures go, a book containing sailors' first-hand reports from some of Britain's greatest naval victories takes some beating. Sam Willis introduces 10 unique dispatches... "Many sailors suffered from 'splinters'. The impact of a cannonball tore off vicious daggers of timber that cut flesh to the bone and shattered limbs..."
"21.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com France's contribution to the First World War “has been underestimated” In recent times the French have been jocularly summed up by some as 'cheese-eating surrender monkeys'. Amusing perhaps, but this is a travesty given the murderous fighting they endured during the battle of the Frontiers in August 1914 when Germany an The French in 1914 were not 'surrender monkeys', says Peter Hart...
"20.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com King John and the French invasion We explore nine places related to an often forgotten assault on England and its much-maligned monarch in 1216... To say that King John's death at Newark Castle in 1216 was little-lamented is something of an understatement...
"20.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The American War of Independence: Three Films The war over American independence has been the subject of a number of films through the decades. Mark Glancy considers three pivotal portrayals of the conflict... "The Patriot's attempt to reduce the war to a bitter feud between a reluctant everyman and a vicious Englishman owes more to Mel Gibson's earlier films (especially Braveheart, 1995) than it does to the historical record..."
"20.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Witches in the dock: 10 of Britain's most infamous witch trials What happened when someone was charged with conversing with the Devil or practising sorcery on the king? Owen Davies lifts the lid on 10 of Britain's most infamous witch trials... On this day in 1612, two men and eight women were hanged on Pendle Hill in Lancashire...
"20.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Post-Black Death: a 'golden age' for medieval women? After the Black Death halved London's population, women enjoyed new economic power in the city. Caroline Barron asks whether this era truly was a 'golden age' for English women... "These were remarkable women who made their mark in the commercial world of London and won respect within their social milieus..."
"19.08.2016 15:38:55" historyextra.com History quiz – spacewalks, battles and Eleanor of Aquitaine How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Who was Eleanor of Aquitaine's first husband?
"19.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Hitler's philosophers In the year that Hitler became chancellor, more than 1,600 scholars were expelled from their posts, the majority being Jews. The remaining philosophers quickly spotted the opportunities… How did so many of Germany's greatest minds become enthusiastic supporters of the Third Reich?
"19.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The real King Arthur Henry the Young King, the eldest surviving son of Henry II of England and Eleanor of Aquitaine, is the probable inspiration for the Arthurian myths – though history seldom remembers him now… One probable inspiration for the Arthurian myths has been all but forgotten…
"19.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The bloody rise of Augustus Adrian Goldsworthy reveals how Julius Caesar's teenage heir slaughtered his way to power. Augustus died on this day in AD 14. It was later rumoured that he was poisoned by his wife, who feared he planned to change the succession
"19.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Bonnie Prince Charlie and the Jacobites – 10 surprising facts Believing the British throne to be his birthright, Charles Edward Stuart planned to invade Great Britain along with his Jacobite followers and remove the Hanoverian 'usurper' George II. Yet, argues Dr Jacqueline Riding, 'Bonnie Prince Charlie' raised the Stuart standard at Glenfinnan, marking the official beginning of the Jacobite Rebellion, on this day in 1745
"19.08.2016 09:00:00" Complete Your Collection: BBC History Magazine You can now download every issue of BBC History Magazine you've missed out on for one low price. For just £39.99 collect up to 60 previous issues and save 83%. Ends August 30th, exclusive to Apple: https://goo.gl/unjz7j
"18.08.2016 17:00:00" Congratulations to everyone who received their history A-Level results today. Will you be studying history at university?
"18.08.2016 16:00:01" historyextra.com The Suez crisis and the north of England Alex von Tunzelmann reflects on the dramatic global events of 1956, while Melvyn Bragg introduces his new Radio 4 series, The Matter of the North... "The Suez crisis was so humiliating for Britain, such a disaster. It was a bad plan – an immoral plan – in the first place..."
"18.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Thomas Cromwell – The rise and fall of Henry's henchman Thomas Cromwell's career as Henry VIII's chief minister defined one of the most explosive decades in English history... Ahead of 'Henry VIII's Enforcer: The Rise and Fall of Thomas Cromwell' on the Yesterday channel tonight...
"18.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 18 August 1587 – The first baby is born to English settlers in the Americas Dominic Sandbrook explores how baby Virginia Dare was welcomed to the ill-fated Roanoke colony. The girl was christened Virginia, after the English settlement in North America – itself named after Elizabeth I's sobriquet: the 'virgin queen'
"18.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Is it true that the Saxons didn't have queens? According to Asser's Life of King Alfred, Eadburh, daughter of Offa of Mercia, is to blame for the West Saxon (or 'Wessex') tradition of having no queens... "King Alfred's family used the supposed queenlessness of the West Saxons as a political tool…"
"18.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend – 5 minutes with Paul Cartledge Ahead of his talk at our York History Weekend, 'Democracy, Ancient Versus Modern: Ten Things You Really Ought to Know', we caught up with Paul to find out more... "Ancient Greek democracy was unlike any modern version of the idea. In a nutshell, to an ancient Greek democrat, our democracy is an oligarchy. Go figure..."
"17.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Medieval money tricks Financial irregularity has made it into the news many times in recent years. As Adrian Bell, Chris Brooks and Tony Moore reveal, similar tactics were commonplace in the Middle Ages... "The complicated relationship between financial innovation and wider economic, political and social considerations is nothing new. It can be traced back to the Middle Ages and even beyond..."
"17.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Reformation One of the most important events in world history, the 16th-century Reformation tore apart the Christian world, splintering Catholic Europe and creating a new faith: Protestantism. Yet, as Dr Kathleen Chater explains in her new book, this seismic mov Martin Luther did not intend to start a new strand of Christianity…
"17.08.2016 12:15:00" historyextra.com A brief history of... British holidays As Britons pack their bags and slap on the suntan lotion, Julian Humphrys takes us on a brief journey through the history of British holidays... "Like today's tourists, medieval pilgrims liked to bring home souvenirs. Pilgrim badges were bought in large numbers while the well-off might even splash out on a holy relic..."
"17.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The Prayer Book Rebellion The Prayer Book Rebellion, which took place in south-western England during 1549, saw thousands unite against the changes to traditional forms of worship imposed by the government of the boy-king, Edward VI. Charlotte Hodgman talks to Professor Mark The battle of Sampford Courtenay, in which a royal army of some 8,000 men finally crushed the insurgents, took place on this day in 1549...
"16.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The great misconceptions of World War Two Some of the leading historians of the Second World War debunk nine widely held assumptions about the global conflagration... "I can't construct a scenario where the Axis could have won the Second World War"
"16.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The 5 most notorious presidents in US history As America's presidential race intensifies, Dr Adam Smith from University College London (UCL) considers five of the country's most disreputable leaders… "One of only two presidents to be impeached by the House of Representatives (the other was Bill Clinton), Andrew Johnson's presidency was a disaster from start to finish"...
"16.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Why were there so few casualties at Peterloo? What became known as the Peterloo Massacre took place on St Peter's Field, Manchester, on 16 August 1819... "Of the 11 dead, five died as a result of sabre wounds and the rest died due to being mown down by the horses..."
"16.08.2016 11:45:01" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Virginia Woolf The unconventional English writer is remembered for influential works including Mrs Dalloway (1925), To the Lighthouse (1927) and A Room of One's Own (1929)... In Radio 4's 'Great Lives' this afternoon, Sara Pascoe champions the life of "sensible feminist" Virginia Woolf...
"16.08.2016 11:00:00" dailymail.co.uk Don't mess with the history in my stories, Boleyn Girl author tells Hollywood Philippa Gregory, author of The Other Boleyn Girl, said she was disappointed with the sexualised adaptation of her book into the £70million 2008 film starring Natalie Portman and Scarlett Johansson. What are your thoughts?
"16.08.2016 09:45:00" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Elvis Presley One of the most iconic figures of the 20th century, Elvis Presley's music enjoys enduring popularity among both old and young. We look back at the musician's life... Elvis Presley died in Memphis on this day in 1977...
"16.08.2016 09:00:01" Timeline Photos We're interviewing the wonderful Greg Jenner and Hannah Greig on Thursday about historical drama – namely 'Versailles' and 'Poldark': are there any questions you'd like answered?
"15.08.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: If President Kennedy hadn't been wearing a back brace when he was assassinated, would he have lived? Despite his appearance as a vigorous and healthy man, John F Kennedy had a number of serious health problems. "Few modern events have been so clouded by uncertainty"...
"15.08.2016 15:15:01" historyextra.com 10 milestones in the history of western music From Handel's Messiah to The X Factor, Tim Blanning chooses 10 moments in music history that have struck a chord with western ears... "On this day in 1965, the Beatles played Shea Stadium. The capacity crowd of 55,000 paid more than $300,000 to watch the Fab Four, “the greatest gross ever in the history of show business,” as the promoter claimed. Such was the volume of screaming that
"15.08.2016 14:15:01" historyextra.com Bad manners, pomp and circumstance and a game of thrones: Inside the court of Napoleon Bonaparte Philip Mansel gives his view on the life of the French emperor who famously lost on the battlefield... Napoleon Bonaparte was born on this day in 1769...
"15.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of the Tower of London One of the most iconic historic sites in the world, the Tower of London was not just the backdrop but the lead actor in some of the most momentous events in British history. Exploring its long and fascinating history reveals a cast of characters from German spy Josef Jakobs – the last person to be executed at the Tower of London – was shot dead on this day in 1941
"15.08.2016 12:06:53" historyextra.com The hunt for the Tudor hitman In 1536, a London merchant was gunned down with a lethal new weapon in a killing that bore all the hallmarks of a professional 'hit'. But who pulled the trigger, and why? Derek Wilson investigates... "Poor Robert Packington probably holds the dubious distinction of being the first person in England to be killed with a handgun"
"14.08.2016 14:00:01" historyextra.com Why did the Second World War happen? Could more intelligent diplomacy on Britain's part have saved Europe from a devastating war? Laurence Rees examines the evidence. "We can now say without equivocation that this was Hitler's war"
"14.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: When did Italian replace Latin as the language of Italy? Languages can literally die overnight when the last of their speakers dies, but the death of Latin was very different. "In the early 14th century the Florentine poet Dante Alighieri reckoned that more than 1,000 such dialects were spoken in Italy"
"14.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Britain and Islam: a matter of faith In the early medieval era, English Christians largely regarded Islam as a variant, or at worst a heresy, within Christianity rather than as an alternative religion. Its coming was therefore not seen as particularly significant and its spread not alar Britain's relationship with Islam has long been perceived as troubled, but is that the whole story?
"13.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Pain through the prism of war From tales of stoic acceptance to frenzies of screaming, the way soldiers have reported their suffering has been transformed over the past 150 years, according to Joanna Bourke... The fellow-soldier "jumped up and screamed and tried to run – but he didn't have any feet! I'll never forget it as long as I live"
"13.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com A time traveller's guide to medieval shopping Ian Mortimer, author of Time Traveller's Guide to Medieval England, takes us on a shopping trip in a 14th-century marketplace "Short measures are a notorious problem – loaves of bread baked with stones in them to make them up to the legally required weight, for example…"
"13.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Self-portraits: How people took selfies in the past Julian Humphrys offers a snapshot of how people have created images of themselves down the centuries. "Robert Cornelius would have to have stared, motionless, at the camera for a number of minutes"
"13.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com How the Tudors invented breakfast In the Middle Ages, the nation that was to give the world the full English widely skipped breakfast. Yet, by 1600, a culinary non-entity had become a key part of our daily routine. Why the change? Ian Mortimer investigates... "The traveller's breakfast often consisted of nothing but ale or wine…"
"12.08.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com The 10 best English queens in history England has had many more queens than kings. Whether a king's wife or a ruler in her own right, each made a significant contribution to English history. But who were the best? "Philippa of Hainault was the archetypal medieval queen, and one on whom many later queens modelled themselves"...
"12.08.2016 16:30:00" itv.com Roman villa discovered beneath field by a garden centre in Norfolk Landowner, Peter Purdy, has been finding Roman relics on his family farm in Aylsham since he was a lad. Norwich Castle Museum confirmed that the bits of pottery and coins were in fact from an ancient civilisation and he's finally raised enough money to "The team hope to raise enough money to excavate the whole 30 acres. It could take decades"
"12.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you need to know about the battle of Bosworth The battle of Bosworth, in which Richard III was killed, was the last significant clash of the Wars of the Roses. Here, Chris Skidmore MP, the author of Bosworth: The Birth of the Tudors, summarises 10 need-to-know facts about the battle that heralde "It only became known as the battle of Bosworth from around 25 years after it was fought…"
"12.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Tudors in America: how England's New World colonies came into being While the Spanish were obsessed by central and southern America, England's Tudor monarchs paid little attention to the New World. As David Childs reveals, it was by pure chance that England's American colonies came into being... In 1496 Henry VII granted Cabot and his heirs a licence to, in other words, invade...
"12.08.2016 13:00:01" bbc.co.uk 'New Stonehenge' at Durrington Walls 'had no standing stones' - BBC News A 4,500-year-old monument archaeologists thought was "another Stonehenge" actually contained no standing stones, the experts now say. "Last year they said a survey showed evidence of 'a Superhenge' of more than 100 buried stones at the site, but no evidence of stones was found during an excavation"
"12.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Blood, guts and poo: Horrible Histories Live on Stage We spoke to creator Neal Foster about his favorite historical characters, the secrets to the shows' success, and why kids will always love gory history… "I wouldn't accept in any way that Horrible Histories 'dumbs down' history"
"12.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 6 things you (probably) didn't know about Cleopatra She is one of best-known women in history, famed for her supposed beauty and intellect, and her love affairs with Julius Caesar and Mark Antony. But, argues Mary Hamer, most of what we think we know about Cleopatra is merely the echo of Roman propaga Cleopatra committed suicide on this day in 30 BC
"11.08.2016 16:15:00" historyextra.com The 1920s: Roaring or tame? Kate Williams delves into the early part of the interwar period, in this talk from our 2015 History Weekend "The French famously called the 1920s 'the crazy years': the times when we forgot so much, when we forgot about the great war and went forward into a different place which perhaps was better, or perhaps was not"
"11.08.2016 14:26:04" Timeline Photos Noah, the latest addition to our team, is enjoying the September issue!
"11.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Unsporting conduct at the Olympics Each of the 206 nations taking part in the Rio Olympics must respect the right of athletes to compete for team places, regardless of age, disability, gender and race. But there was a time when these rights were anything but respected, explains Robert Founder of the modern Olympics, Baron Pierre de Coubertin, believed "that a woman's greatest achievement would be to encourage her sons to be distinguished in sports and to applaud a man's effort"
"11.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com "Welcome home, Charlie": Chaplin's post-war return to London The return of comedian Charlie Chaplin to London following the end of the First World War is explored in a new book written by Rob Baker "The stage might have been set for the homecoming of Julius Caesar, Napoleon, and Lord Haig rolled into one"
"11.08.2016 08:25:48" Timeline Photos Our September issue is out now!
"10.08.2016 15:45:00" historyextra.com Matilda, daughter of Henry I: A queen in a king's world Helen Castor explores how Matilda, daughter of Henry I, came tantalisingly close to becoming England's first female 'king'. "She at once put on an extremely arrogant demeanour instead of the modest gait and bearing proper to the gentle sex"
"10.08.2016 14:40:01" historyextra.com In pictures: medieval life It was one of the most turbulent and transformative periods in history. But what was life like for ordinary people in the Middle Ages? Here, we take a look at medieval life in pictures… "Bathtubs were made using similar techniques to those used to craft wine barrels..."
"10.08.2016 13:29:54" historyextra.com How the French won Waterloo (or think they did) It can come as something of a shock to read Napoleon Bonaparte's official account of Waterloo, written on 20 June 1815, two days after the battle. A key phrase reads: “After eight hours of firing and infantry and cavalry charges, the whole [French] a "Two centuries after the battle of Waterloo, the French are still in denial"
"10.08.2016 11:30:00" telegraph.co.uk Sir Arthur Conan Doyle cleared of Piltdown Man hoax The hundred-year-old mystery of who hoaxed the scientific world with the Piltdown Man fossils may finally have been solved… "Suspicion fell on Conan Doyle who lived nearby, played golf at Piltdown and was an avid fossil collector. He even wrote about how easy it would be to create a fossil hoax in his novel 'The Lost World'"
"10.08.2016 10:15:00" historyextra.com Ira Aldridge: Shakespeare's black Othello The first black actor to play many of William Shakespeare's leading roles, Ira Aldridge took 19th-century London by storm when in 1825 he performed Othello in the city's docklands. Here, Professor Tony Howard from Warwick University investigates… The 'Spectator' appraised him as if at a slave auction: “good voice”, “good figure”, “we have seen better-looking Africans”, “tame”
"10.08.2016 09:07:29" theguardian.com 'Discovery of the year': sunken British ship found in Russian Arctic Russians find wreck of The Thames, which sank in 1878 in attempt to open a sea route between the UK and Siberia The discovery will "replace scepticism with a positive attitude toward the reclamation of the Russian north", it is claimed
"09.08.2016 18:00:01" Timeline Photos Which is your favourite historical book and why? (We may print comments)
"09.08.2016 16:45:00" Timeline Photos Have you visited California? What would you recommend to would-be travellers? (We may print comments)
"09.08.2016 15:45:00" historyextra.com Michael Wood's 10 favourite books I've chosen 10 books, all published since 2000, among many I have enjoyed. Of course I'm not saying they are the best (who can say that?), but they are all full of insight, made me think, and gave real pleasure On National Book Lovers Day...
"09.08.2016 14:40:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about Ancient Egypt The land of the pharaohs is famous for its huge pyramids, its bandaged mummies and its golden treasures. But how much do you really know about ancient Egypt? Here, Egyptologist Joyce Tyldesley shares Not everyone was mummified – in fact, the vast majority of Egypt's dead were buried in simple pits in the desert
"09.08.2016 13:40:01" historyextra.com The rise of the Homo sapien We humans are more powerful now than ever but, Rob Attar asks Yuval Harari, has our progress made us happy? "We think we are so much smarter than the ape, but if you placed me on an island to compete with a chimpanzee for survival, I would bet on the chimpanzee"
"09.08.2016 12:05:00" historyextra.com Britain's 7 most amazing stately homes Britain's stately homes are as diverse as they are impressive. With their soaring ceilings, landscaped gardens, and secret corridors, there is plenty to explore in these impressive buildings. Here, we round up seven of the best… Elizabeth I ordered for Mary, Queen of Scots to be imprisoned at Chatsworth after she abdicated and fled from Scotland to England in 1567...
"09.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com In pictures: the atomic bombings of Hiroshima and Nagasaki For years debate has raged over whether the US was right to drop the two atomic bombs on Japan during the final weeks of the Second World War. On this day in 1945, the US dropped an atomic bomb on the Japanese city of Nagasaki, killing at least 50,000 people, although according to some estimates as many as 74,000 died
"08.08.2016 16:34:04" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Middle Ages It is one of the most fascinating periods in history, popularised by Magna Carta, the Black Death, and the Hundred Years War. But how much do you really know about the Middle Ages? Here, kicking off o "The Middle Ages famously features great examples of extreme religiosity: mystics, saints, the flagellants, mass pilgrimage, and the like. But it would be wrong to assume that people were always very focused on God and religion, and definitely wrong to
"08.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Georgian banking blunders Anne Murphy explores a 1783 inquiry into the Bank of England that uncovered corruption, ineptitude and too much “chattering”... "In 1783, bankers were no more popular than they are today. Bonuses were less of a concern, but behaviour calculated to elicit the biggest tips from well-to-do customers was a worry, as was the security of customers' personal details…"
"08.08.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com A brief history of the afterlife What happens to us when we die? Will we recognise ourselves? Will we be re-united with those who have gone before? Since the time of the ancient Greeks and Hebrews, people have searched for answers to these questions – and others – about the afterlif "When history ends, Christ returns to judge both the living and the dead on the Day of Judgment. Christ will bid the blessed among us to enter an eternity of bliss in heaven and will throw the damned among us into the everlasting fires of hell. And of the
"08.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 9 of Britain's best castles From medieval fortresses to dramatic cliff top ruins, Britain boasts countless awe-inspiring castles. Here we round up nine of our favourites… With the Edinburgh Fringe in full swing, we explore the history of the city's castle. Mary, Queen of Scots gave birth to the future James VI there in 1566, and the castle was used to hold prisoners of war during the American War of Independence and the
"08.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The Battle of Britain: a brilliant triumph that involved far more than just the chosen few The Battle of Britain has long been hailed as the triumph of the plucky underdog over the Nazi goliath. Yet, says James Holland, when rival fighters clashed over England in 1940, it was the RAF that held all the aces. "The familiar narrative of the Battle of Britain – that a small band of brothers in RAF Fighter Command repeatedly found themselves battling a vastly superior enemy over a sun-drenched southern England – is a myth, and one that we should put to bed once
"08.08.2016 08:05:00" historyextra.com Dan Snow on the meteoric rise of British railways Why did the railway revolution come to Britain first? Coal was a massive reason for this. Because of the nascent industrial revolution in the 18th century and because there were no big indigenous forests left in the country, Britain, and London in pa As the longest rail strike since 1968 gets under way, we explore how the ground-breaking rise of the railways reshaped British society and ultimately undermined the empire...
"07.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Hitler's jazz band: how the Nazis used swing as propaganda The Nazis despised jazz, but were happy to harness its 'degenerate' appeal for propaganda purposes. Here, Dan Cossins reveals how the result was a series of radio broadcasts featuring the swinging sounds and pro-Nazi lyrics of Charlie and his Orchest "Goebbels was quietly plotting to hijack jazz music's debauched appeal to peddle Hitler's message abroad. The outcome was Charlie and his Orchestra, a Nazi-sponsored swing band playing American hits sprinkled with pro-Nazi lyrics in an attempt to
"07.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about King Arthur The legend of King Arthur, a fifth-century warrior who supposedly led the fight against Saxon invaders, continues to fascinate today. Here, historian John Matthews reveals eight things you probably didn't know about King Arthur… "Merlin supposedly arranged the test of the Sword in the Stone, which only the true king could draw. This sword is often confused with Arthur's most famous weapon, Excalibur, the legendary sword said to have magical powers"
"07.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Pig-chickens, beavers' tails and turtle soup: 8 weird foods through history The food choices people made in the past – what to eat, and how to eat it – were variously dictated by availability, practicality and desire. Yet when we investigate the culinary habits of "The rich in medieval England would have eaten a wide variety of animals and birds, usually served intact, with heads, feet and tails all indicating what the meat was. A decapitated roast bird would probably have seemed as strange to the average
"07.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 dangers of Georgian London Lucy Inglis, historian and creator of the award-winning Georgian London blog, reveals 10 everyday hazards faced by Londoners in the 1700s – from disease and cesspits to gin consumption… "By the end of the 1720s, London was experiencing serious social problems because of gin consumption. Many saw the main problem as one of price, for 'Gin is sold very cheap, so that People may get muddled with it for three half pence and for three pence
"06.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com In bed with the Romans: a brief history of sex in Ancient Rome The sexual predilections of people in Ancient Rome and the debauchery of Roman emperors and their empresses are explored in a book written by Paul Chrystal "The poet Ovid insisted that some elite women were partial to 'a bit of rough' – a sentiment echoed by Petronius in his Satyricon [a novel about Roman society], which describes how some upper-class women burn with desire for men of the lower orders –
"06.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com When beans were the food of lust Jennifer Evans investigates our ancestors' passion for pulses. Four centuries ago, flatulent foods such as beans and chickpeas were hailed as a cure for a flagging libido...
"06.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com How we solved the mystery of the Roman 'princess' Julian Richards returns to one of the most intriguing cases featured over a decade ago in the BBC's Meet the Ancestors archaeology series, and discovers that this ancestor has a more remarkable background than he imagined. The so-called 'Roman princess' emerged from an excavation at Spitalfields in the east end of London in 1999…
"06.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Was the US justified in dropping atomic bombs on Hiroshima and Nagasaki during WW2? For years debate has raged over whether the US was right to drop two atomic bombs on Japan during the final weeks of the Second World War. The first bomb, dropped on the city of Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, resulted in a death toll of around 135,000. The second, which hit Nagasaki on 9 August, killed at least 50,000 people – according to some estimates, as many as 74,000 died
"06.08.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The goods German citizens were forbidden to consume For centuries many German citizens were forbidden to consume a variety of desirable goods, including “very wide trousers”. Sheilagh Ogilvie, Markus Küpker and Janine Maegraith explain how such regulations may have had serious economic consequences. "By today's standards, Magdalena Schöttlin hadn't actually done anything wrong. But for a German village in 1708, she was behaving outrageously. The 34-year-old weaver's wife kept wearing an 'excessively large neckerchief, above her station in life' in a
"05.08.2016 22:00:00" historyextra.com Your guide to Jack the Ripper Within just a few short weeks, the Ripper slashed and mutilated five prostitutes in London's East End. Here, Clive Emsley and Alex Werner reveal the life and times of the Victorian murderer, and tell you everything you need to know about the yet unso "Central to the fascination that surrounds Jack is the fact he's never been caught..."
"05.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The countdown to Hiroshima Stephen Walker, the author of Shockwave: Countdown to Hiroshima, describes the tense hours that led up to the explosion that became the defining event of the 20th century. "Colonel Paul Warfield Tibbets unveiled the plan to his squadron on 6 August, 00:01. In the next few hours, he declared, Hiroshima will be hit with a revolutionary weapon, whose destructive power is equivalent to a 2,000-bomber raid. The tension in the
"05.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Kidding/not kidding: a medieval sense of humour What did people joke about in the medieval period? Historian Jamie Kreiner investigates… "The other day I went to lay a hand on a courtesan's c***. She said to me: Take that away, thief!... So then I said – God, my Lord, I suffer this passion for love of you, for the passion you underwent for me"
"05.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 9 eccentric monarchs through history How do you define eccentricity, especially in a monarch? 'Eccentric' means literally “off-centre”, behaviour that is definitely a bit odd or out of the ordinary, but not necessarily insane. "Rome's emperor Nero is often written off as mad, but this is a gross misreading of this intelligent but decidedly eccentric man. He openly paraded his artistic side, forcing senators to sit for hours during his dramatic performances and introducing a
"05.08.2016 12:03:25" historyextra.com When Hitler took cocaine Adolf Hitler was addicted to cocaine and directed the invasion of Soviet Russia while being pumped with as many as 80 different drugs, historian Giles Milton reveals in his book. "Every day for more than nine years, Dr Theodor Morell would inject Hitler with a cocktail of amphetamines, barbiturates and opiates. Cocaine was administered to the Führer by means of eye-drops. Such a concentrated dose may well have triggered the
"05.08.2016 09:00:00" historyextra.com The master of dressage Among the British athletes to taste success in the summer of 2012, few were practising a sport with as colourful – and violent – a past as dressage. When Charlotte Dujardin led the British dressage team to Olympic gold on her horse, Valegro, in the m Dominic Sewell traces the development of an ancient method of mounted combat into an Olympic sport, and looks at a 17th-century royalist whose virtuoso horsemanship still influences modern dressage...
"04.08.2016 17:30:00" bbc.co.uk Chester Roman excavation row prompts thousands to sign petition - BBC News A row breaks out over whether to excavate Roman remains at the expense of a listed building, prompting thousands to back the plan. What do you think?
"04.08.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com The Cold War and the history of philosophy Rory Cormac guides us around a British nuclear bunker, while Bettany Hughes discusses some of the enduring ideas from Ancient Greece "The BBC had broadcasters in the main government bunker down in Wiltshire to tell people, essentially, when they could leave their front rooms, when it was safe to go outside, because no-one really knew how long the radiation was going to last"
"04.08.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Drowning in Tudor England: why was water so dangerous? Coroners' reports are revealing that as many as half of all accidental deaths in the 16th century were drownings. Steven Gunn and Tomasz Gromelski reveal why water was such a prolific killer in Tudor England. "The drownings that have surprised us most are those that run counter to our preconceptions about Tudor cleanliness. Medical advice in the 16th century was that bathing was dangerous, opening the pores to infection. Yet nearly one in eight drownings
"04.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 7 moments in history you (might) think are made up but aren't There are some moments in history that are so odd, so surreal, that they sound completely made up. Here, historical blogger Jem Duducu rounds up seven of the most curious… "Also known as 'St Vitus's Dance', choreomania was a truly bizarre medieval phenomenon from central Europe. It involved spontaneous and continuous dancing by crowds of people until they collapsed through exhaustion – or worse, died. It also seems to have
"04.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com What happened to the lost colony of Roanoke Island? The morning of 18 August 1590, a group of sailors from two English privateering ships, the Moonlight and the Hopewell, scrambled up from a sandy beach to enter open woodland. They followed the lead of an elderly man who would have grown increasingly The colony of Roanoke Island, the first English settlement in the New World, founded by Queen Elizabeth I's favourite, Sir Walter Ralegh, was found abandoned without a trace of the colonists in 1590. It remains the greatest unsolved mystery in the shared
"04.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com How to be a man: tips from 1930s agony aunts Should a father change nappies? Must a husband help with the housework? How should a fellow manage his personal finances? Being a man in interwar Britain was a tricky business. As ideas about masculinity were changing rapidly, many men turned to news "It may seem surprising, but the problem pages often portrayed men helping with domestic tasks as admirable, masculine and even chivalric. They argued that helping out around the house was a 'more manly thing to do' than 'shying away from a dishcloth' or
"04.08.2016 11:00:00" independent.co.uk Dark Ages royal palace discovered in Cornwall – in area closely linked to the legend of King Arthur The mysterious origins of the British archaeological site most often associated with the legend of King Arthur have just become even more mysterious. Archaeologists have discovered the impressive remains of a probable Dark Age royal palace at Tintagel in "The discovery by English Heritage-funded archaeologists of a probable Dark Age palace at Tintagel will certainly trigger debate in Arthurian studies circles – because, in medieval tradition, King Arthur was said to have been conceived at Tintagel"
"04.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com A brief history of gestures - from the handshake to the high-five Many gestures we make today have a long history, and some are supposedly connected with particular historical events. Here, Robert Hume considers the history – both real and imagined – of six popular gestures… "The handshake dates back at least as far as Ancient Greece. Fast-forward to the 17th century and handshakes between man and wife in a wedding ceremony sealed a sacred and legally binding commitment"
"03.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 9 astonishing deaths reported in Victorian newspapers The British Newspaper Archive is a treasure trove of forgotten history. Here, Jeremy Clay, author of The Burglar Caught by a Skeleton, unearths a series of extraordinary deaths from the Victorian pres "It was the clown who found him. When Signor Rovelli missed his cue for the big finale in the show, the circus joker went to see what was up. He discovered Rovelli seated in his chair – his throat had been cut from ear to ear. In the corner, a monkey was
"03.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Tutankhamun: who's afraid of the pharaoh's curse? Joyce Tyldesley examines Howard Carter's discovery of Tutankhamun – and gets to the bottom of those curse stories. "How could the long-dead Tutankhamun have killed anyone? The idea that his burial might have been booby trapped with poison was a popular one. Many people believed that an engraved plaque – 'Death comes on swift wings to he who disturbs the tomb of the
"03.08.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com “Mooke, fylthe and other vyle things” – Tudor dirt and dung Pamela Hartshorne describes householders' daily battles with rotting vegetation, dung heaps and overflowing cesspits in Tudor England... "The average Tudor householder would have had a pot in their chamber – just in case they got caught short at night – but that didn't mean they could dispose of the contents out of the window with a careless warning of 'Gardyloo!' Contrary to popular
"03.08.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Churchill on roller skates Developed in Europe and America, roller skates enjoyed a brief vogue in the 1870s. Then, after three decades of comparative neglect, they became a veritable craze in 1909. (Roller-skating seems to have been the first craze actually to be called a 'cr "Tradesmen and city clerks were alarmed by the danger to health and limb posed by children racing on eight miniature wheels down Stamford Hill and along Stoke Newington High Street. In October 1910, a bye-law prohibiting roller-skating on the pavements of
"03.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Medieval underwear An archaeological find of medieval lingerie in Austria has raised questions concerning our ancestors' dressing habits. Beatrix Nutz examines underwear, hygiene and social acceptance in the 15th and 16th centuries. "We don't know if all women in the Middle Ages wore 'breastbags' – but some definitely did. But while it might have been socially acceptable to do so in order to flatten the bosom, the complaints and satirical comments on breast-enhancement suggest that
"02.08.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Supernatural stories: 9 amazing British folktales From dragons to devil dogs, from fairies to vampires, history is full of tales of mysterious creatures that haunt the British Isles. "The kelpie – a creature that likes to fool humans into thinking it is an ordinary horse – dived into the loch with the shrieking children on its back. None were ever seen again, but the next day searchers found some pieces of liver and guts floating on
"02.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Vampires: a cultural history From 12th-century 'revenants' to today's teen thriller Twilight, belief in vampires has been an enduring theme in cultural history. Richard Sugg looks at the legend that just won't die and examines possible physiological causes... "Some of the very earliest written accounts of proto-vampires come from Britain. In the 12th century alleged revenants (essentially, undecayed walking corpses) brought terror and death to people in Buckinghamshire, Wales, Northumbria and at Melrose Abbey
"02.08.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Nazi super-cows and defamed Gods: 7 forgotten moments in history Often the most intriguing tales in history are forgotten and fall away into obscurity, argues Jem Duducu. In his new book, Jem shines a light on some of the wonderfully strange and overlooked moments in history. Here, he rounds up seven of his favour "Alfred the Great was so far down the line of succession that he didn't even have the 'Æthel' bit in his name (a regal prefix meaning “noble”), because there was no expectation that he would ever be king"
"02.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 12 weird pictures through history We round up 12 particularly curious images through history... "In 1393, Charles VI and others dressed up as wild men in costumes of cloth covered with hemp so that they appeared hairy from head to foot. The king's brother, Louis of Valois, approached with a lighted torch and one of the dancers caught fire, causing
"02.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com 7 (more) surprising facts about the history of medicine From ancient enemas to tapeworm doctors, Caroline Rance shares seven remarkable moments from medicine's unpredictable, shocking and frequently gory history… "The ancient practice of trepanning involved scraping the skull with a sharp flint; boring a circle of holes and prising out the resulting disc. Why? To let evil spirits escape from the body. Alternatively, it may have been a practical way to treat
"02.08.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The secret search for aliens For half a century the Ministry of Defence (MoD) kept what it knew about sightings of Unidentified Flying Objects locked away in a secret archive. But with the arrival of the Freedom of Information Act (FoIA) in 2005, the fascinating contents of “Bri "The fascination for seeing UFOs filtered through all levels of society at the height of the Cold War. Belief in a higher power benevolently watching over mankind provided reassurance for many people who were concerned about the possibility of nuclear
"01.08.2016 16:30:00" telegraph.co.uk Is 2016 really one of the worst years in history? Will 2016 go down as one of the worst years in history? Which do you think was the worst year in history and why? (We may print comments)
"01.08.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Forgotten science: 7 of the strangest scientific theories in history Science has a reputation for being one of the most logical and rational of human pastimes. But, as writer SD Tucker reveals in his new book, this has not always been the case. Here, the author of Forgotten Science shares some of history's most curiou "Wishing to know the best way to treat pilots who had bailed out over the cold North Sea, Nazi doctor Sigmund Rascher forced concentration camp prisoners to stand outside naked in winter for 14 hours, or immersed them in tanks of icy water. Then, he tried
"01.08.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 7 things that happened in August through history Dominic Sandbrook highlights events that took place in August in history... The Loch Ness monster was supposedly spotted for the first time on 22 August 565, by the Irish monk St Columba. "With his holy hand raised on high he formed the saving sign of the cross in the empty air, invoked the Name of God, and commanded the fierce
"01.08.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The strange escapades of Colonel Thomas Blood When he was captured on the wharf outside the fortress, Blood cheekily acknowledged that the outrage “was a gallant attempt, however unsuccessful… [but] it was for a crown”. "Colonel Thomas Blood, that infamous Irish 'bravo and desperado', tried to steal the crown jewels from the Tower of London on 9 May 1671, and shoot Charles II while he was skinny-dipping. So why did the king go on to offer him a job?"
"01.08.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com "Damn your blood": Swearing in early modern English John Spurr examines profanities and oaths in the 15th–18th centuries and tells us what they reveal about society at the time. "Swearing was an infection, a contagion, or a flood. It was a sin that would damn the swearer's soul and might well provoke more immediate punishment from on high: every preacher seemed to know personally some unfortunate wretch who had been struck dead
"01.08.2016 10:06:53" historyextra.com The woman who gave birth for Hitler Hildegard Trutz had been a loyal supporter of the Nazis ever since Hitler came to power. She had joined the Bund Deutscher Mädel (BDM, the female equivalent of the Hitler Youth) in 1933 and loved attending its weekly meetings. 'I was mad about Adolf "At the age of 18, Nazi supporter and school graduate Hildegard Trutz was recruited as one of Germany's racially 'pure' women, chosen to sleep with SS officers in the hope of producing an Aryan child. It is estimated that some 20,000 such babies were bred
"01.08.2016 09:35:25" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"31.07.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Podcast: James Bond and Vichy France Historian and author Matthew Parker discusses how Ian Fleming's James Bond novels reveal his thoughts about the changes taking place in Jamaica in the 1950s and 1960s... Ahead of 'Skyfall' on ITV tonight...
"31.07.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History Explorer: The swinging sixties Alwyn Turner and Jamie Bowman visit the Cavern Club in Liverpool, beating heart of the music scene that redefined British popular culture... Ahead of "Generation '66" on BBC Four tonight…
"31.07.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com A guide to ancient gardening From al fresco spaces for Roman dining to toiling gardeners immortalised on the walls of Egyptian tombs, Linda Farrar reveals how gardening was an important part of ancient life… "Evidence of both large and small gardens has been discovered in Pompeii and Herculaneum. Volcanic ash and tufaceous mud from the eruption of mount Vesuvius in AD 79 covered and preserved them"
"31.07.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Fake fish We take a step back in time and recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home "In the Middle Ages, people were instructed not to eat meat during Lent. Yet the ban didn't apply to fish – in fact, Dutch gourmets enjoyed serving up 'fish' dishes so much that they devised this fish-shaped apple pie..."
"30.07.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The birth of football: your 60-second guide Julian Humphrys looks at the events that made the game what it is today. On this day in 1966, England won football's World Cup for the first time since the tournament began in 1930. What are your memories of the day?
"30.07.2016 13:00:02" historyextra.com 20 battles that shaped Britain What was Britain's most important battle? From Culloden to the Crimea, Salamanca to the Somme, National Army Museum experts offer their opinions on the most significant land battles in British history...
"30.07.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The Brontës We visit Brontë country in West Yorkshire, where sisters Charlotte, Emily and Anne Brontë penned some of English literature's most celebrated novels... Novelist Emily Brontë was born on this day in 1818...
"29.07.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The history of... re-enacting battles Julian Humphrys looks at the origins of re-enacting battles... When were the first battle re-enactments? And when did it become a popular pursuit?
"29.07.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History quiz – serial killers, slogans and King Edwards How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Of all the Edwards who were kings of England or Britain after the Norman conquest, Edward III reigned the longest (1327–77). But which Edward was on the throne for the second-longest time?
"29.07.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Welcome to Britannia: Roman Britain in AD 130 Bronwen Riley takes the pulse of Roman Britain in AD 130 and finds that, 80 years after the conquest, tensions are still simmering – especially in the borderland around Hadrian's Wall... "The Britons were regarded as somewhat uncouth, their bodies tattooed with patterns and pictures of all kinds of animals. Serving officers on Hadrian's Wall referred to Britons disparagingly as Brittunculi or 'Britlings'"
"29.07.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The reluctant ambassador: the life and times of Tudor diplomat Sir Thomas Chaloner His career spanned four dramatic reigns, from Henry VIII to Elizabeth I, and he was entrusted with increasingly delicate missions. Why, then, do we know so little about the Tudor ambassador? “Chaloner lived through one of the most turbulent periods of English history, when the government's policies seemed to change from year to year, and ambitious courtiers needed to watch their balance on fortune's slippery wheel. He was a survivor because
"29.07.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The Spanish Armada: England's lucky escape Robert Hutchinson, author of The Spanish Armada, reveals how poorly Tudor England was prepared for foreign invaders in 1588... Following news that the Armada portrait has become public property, after an appeal helped raise £10.3m to buy it…
"29.07.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Mussolini's willing followers The postwar orthodoxy held that most Italians never truly bought into Fascism. Yet, says Christopher Duggan, the devotion to Mussolini expressed in diaries and letters tells a very different story... Benito Mussolini was born on this day in 1883...
"29.07.2016 09:00:01" bbc.co.uk Elizabeth I Armada portrait saved with help of 8,000 donors - BBC News A portrait of Elizabeth I becomes public property for the first time, thanks to the success of an appeal to raise £10.3m to purchase it. "The picture will go on show at the Queen's House in Greenwich, near the site of Elizabeth's birth, in October"
"28.07.2016 16:00:00" historyextra.com Jacobites and the Ancient World Jacqueline Riding describes the events of the 1745 rebellion, while Michael Scott explains how ancient cultures across the globe managed to interact with each other... “The situation in 1745 was infinitely more complicated than you might think. It wasn't just Scotland versus England, or even Catholic versus Protestant…”
"28.07.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The hidden lives of Henry VIII's six wives As a long-serving ambassador to the Tudor court, Eustace Chapuys was in the rare position of meeting all of Henry VIII's consorts. His writings reveal a lot about the queens' characters... "On 28 July 1540 (the same day he sent Thomas Cromwell to the scaffold), Henry VIII married his fifth wife Catherine Howard. Often viewed as a queen with little power or political sway, she is dismissed as a young trophy wife. But this is not necessarily
"28.07.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Robespierre: man of terror Robespierre is often cast as one of the bloodiest figures of the French Revolution. But has he been made a scapegoat for the sins of equally guilty men? "On 28 July 1794, Maximilien Robespierre climbed the steps to the guillotine in Paris's Place de la Révolution. The watching crowd roared its approval as he staggered across the plinth, was strapped to the plank, and waited for the blade to fall. Within
"28.07.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Thomas Cromwell – The rise and fall of Henry's henchman Tracy Borman traces the highs and lows of Henry VIII's tumultuous relationship with his ruthless fixer... Thomas Cromwell was executed on the orders of Henry VIII, on this day in 1540...
"27.07.2016 16:00:01" historyextra.com Witches in the dock: 10 of Britain's most infamous witch trials What happened when someone was charged with conversing with the Devil or practising sorcery on the king? Owen Davies lifts the lid on 10 of Britain's most infamous witch trials... "Torture was legally acceptable in Scottish witchcraft cases. In 1590 it was applied to the North Berwick suspects, and extraordinary confessions then flowed. One woman confessed that she took the Devil “for her maister” and gathered in the churchyard
"27.07.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with John Julius Norwich Ahead of his talk at our York History Weekend, we caught up with John Julius to find out more and to learn about his passion for history... "I love the way in which dry, overly academic history writing – which we had so much of in my youth – is becoming more lively, more literary, and more of a pleasure to read...
"27.07.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 7 forgotten monarchs A number of other royals have, over the centuries, been overshadowed by their more famous counterparts. Here, we take a look at seven of them… "The last Stuart monarch, Queen Anne, oversaw significant political and cultural change throughout her reign, and became the first sovereign of Great Britain after the Act of Union in 1707..."
"27.07.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Georgian banking blunders Anne Murphy explores a 1783 inquiry into the Bank of England that uncovered corruption, ineptitude and too much "chattering"... The Bank of England's royal charter was sealed on this day in 1694...
"26.07.2016 18:47:00" Timeline Photos Summer Savings coming up! Save 34% with an annual subscription to our digital edition & get instant access to the latest issue for FREE. https://goo.gl/Sdohbo