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"03.12.2016 16:30:03" historyextra.com 6 Magna Carta myths explained Dr Ariel Hessayon explores six common myths associated with Magna Carta, and reveals how our shared perception of it owes more to events in the 17th and 18th centuries than the 13th… "The transformation of Magna Carta from an important document into an iconic one was mainly the achievement of one man: the jurist Sir Edward Coke (1552–1634)"
"03.12.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Tudors at sea: 8 ways to survive a voyage The period is one of the most popular in history, but while we know much about the way the Tudors lived on land, relatively little is known about their maritime exploits. The 1553 search for the fabled North East passage was undertaken in an attempt to find a new, shorter route to China and its riches…
"03.12.2016 14:30:02" historyextra.com The female 'kings' of ancient Egypt Cleopatra the Great has become virtually synonymous with the term 'female pharaoh'. Yet, as Joann Fletcher reveals, Mark Antony's famous wife was merely the culmination of three millennia of women rulers. "Hatshepsut adopted kingly regalia and false beard"
"03.12.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com Cold War summits: David Reynolds and Kristina Spohr explain What typically happened at a summit and to what extent did summitry bring about the end of the Cold War? David Reynolds and Kristina Spohr explain… On this day in 1989, the leaders of the USA and the USSR declared an end to the Cold War, after two days of talks at the Malta summit…
"03.12.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The mysterious disappearance of Agatha Christie The Guinness Book of World Records lists her as the best-selling novelist of all time, and according to her estate she is outsold only by the Bible and Shakespeare. But what Agatha Christie is perhaps best remembered for is her mysterious disappearan On 3 December 1926, detective novelist Agatha Christie mysteriously disappeared for 11 days…
"03.12.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Second World War Day at Bristol's M Shed On the 26 February, BBC History Magazine will be returning to Bristol's M Shed for a day of talks re-examining the momentous global conflict of 1939-45. There will be five talks from some of the biggest names in popular history: Lloyd Clark, Laurence Rees, Yasmin Khan, Daniel Todman and Nicholas Stargardt...
"02.12.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – Ranavalona, rookeries and Buddhist monks How will you fare in this week's history quiz? What, to Victorian Britons, was a rookery (apart from a colony of black birds)?
"02.12.2016 15:30:03" historyextra.com The Six Ages of China Michael Wood explores the country's six great eras to reveal what has made its civilisation so utterly distinctive, and so fascinating, for so long... "Ask Chinese people their favourite period and most will say the Tang: an age when China went out to the world along the Silk Roads"
"02.12.2016 14:30:03" historyextra.com Secrets of Churchill's War Rooms Hidden beneath the streets of London's Westminster is the underground bunker from which Winston Churchill and his inner circle plotted the route to Allied victory during the Second World War. Now, in his new book, writer Jonathan Asbury reveals the b "When the lavatory-style lock on the door was switched from 'vacant' to 'engaged', it didn't mean that Churchill was answering a call of nature; he was instead making use of a secure radio-telephone link to talk directly to the US president"
"02.12.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com Castrated Georgian opera stars Audiences feted them, patrons showered money on them and women threw themselves at their feet. Castrated opera singers became the rock gods of the 18th century... "Castrati were singers castrated before puberty to preserve their youthful voices. At the height of this fashion, an estimated 4,000 Italian boys were castrated every year in the name of music..."
"02.12.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Why Napoleon merits the title 'the Great' Instead of making specious comparisons with Hitler, we ought to celebrate the Corsican's astonishing achievements as a general and a ruler, according to Andrew Roberts... Napoleon, who was crowned emperor on this day in 1804, was "a talented, humorous and forgiving man who had nothing personally in common with Hitler"
"02.12.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com What religion was practised in Lithuania before its conversion to Christianity in the 14th century? Before 1387, when the Grand Duchy of Lithuania was finally baptised into Roman Catholicism as a condition of the dynastic union with Poland, its people were pagans. Lithuania was the last place in Europe to adopt Christianity...
"01.12.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com The attack on Pearl Harbor and physics through the ages Nicholas Best reflects on the events and aftermath of the 1941 Japanese raid, while Carlo Rovelli discusses his new book 'Reality Is Not What It Seems: The Journey to Quantum Gravity'. "A few geniuses have certainly had an immense influence on the history of science..."
"01.12.2016 15:31:49" historyextra.com The wandering pilgrims The group of English colonists who settled in North America and later became known as the Pilgrim Fathers originated as a group of Puritans from Nottinghamshire and Lincolnshire who by 1605 had come to believe that their Christian faith was incompati From where did the Pilgrim Fathers set sail – Plymouth or Boston, Lincolnshire?
"01.12.2016 14:30:02" historyextra.com Was James I murdered? As the Stuart king lay dying, rumours swirled that he had been poisoned – and that the perpetrator was his best friend... "Something untoward had happened in James's sickroom. Someone had violated the strict protocols regulating who was to treat the king, and when..."
"01.12.2016 13:19:34" BBC History Magazine Our Christmas 2016 issue is out now!
"01.12.2016 13:19:34" BBC History Magazine Our Christmas 2016 issue is out now!
"01.12.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com My history hero: Rosa Parks Author Ken Follett chooses civil rights activist Rosa Parks (1913-2005) as his history hero... On this day in 1955, Rosa Parks was arrested in Montgomery, Alabama, after refusing to give up her seat on the bus to a white person…
"01.12.2016 12:00:02" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Nancy Astor After being appointed as a member of parliament for Plymouth Sutton, Nancy Astor entered the House of Commons on 1 December 1919, becoming the first female MP in British history to take a seat in parliament On this day in 1919, Nancy Astor became the first female MP in British history to take a seat in parliament
"01.12.2016 11:01:09" historyextra.com 12 fascinating historical events that happened in December From the discovery of a 'ghost ship' to an ancient earthquake, Dominic Sandbrook highlights 12 key December anniversaries... "Everywhere was the sound of crashing and screaming, and in the chaos 'the ordered structure of society was thrown into wild confusion and trampled underfoot'..."
"30.11.2016 18:30:06" Timeline Photos In last week's episode of 'Who Do You Think You Are?', Danny Dyer discovered he was related to Thomas Cromwell and William the Conqueror...
Which historical figure would you like to be a descendant of and why? (We may print comments)
"30.11.2016 17:30:53" historyextra.com 8 Viking myths busted Bearded, violent beyond reason and singularly successful at suppressing everyone around them. This, says Janina Ramirez, is the popular – yet questionable – image of Vikings. But how violent were they really, and did they actually wear horned helmets Janina Ramirez investigates…
"30.11.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com How to be a successful monarch Dan Jones looks back over the past 1,500 years to reveal the secrets to a happy and glorious period on the throne... "Reality is overrated. In royal circles, it's perception that matters, so spin, spin, spin..."
"30.11.2016 15:30:40" historyextra.com BBC World Histories magazine out now! BBC World Histories, a brand new title from the makers of BBC History Magazine, brings you a fresh take on our global past – and how it shapes our lives today... The first issue of our brand new title examines the rise of Donald Trump; the murky history of the Koh-i-Noor, the world's most famous diamond; and the 1986 Chernobyl disaster…
"30.11.2016 14:30:03" historyextra.com The forgotten ambassadors to the Tudor court The Tudor period is one of the most vibrant, captivating and controversial periods of English history, and the intrigues and machinations of Henry VIII and his wives remain vivid to us centuries later. For this we are indebted in large part to the re Henry VIII's only flaw was that he allowed himself to be totally controlled by his mistress, Anne Boleyn, wrote Mario Savorgnano, a Venetian aristocrat who came to the Tudor court in 1531...
"30.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Churchill's greatest speeches Winston Churchill delivered some of the most impassioned, articulate and inspirational speeches you're ever likely to hear, including the famous 'we shall never surrender' speech... Winston Churchill was born on this day in 1874...
"30.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The birth of football: your 60-second guide Julian Humphrys looks at the events that made the game what it is today. The first-ever official international football match, between Scotland and England, took place at Hamilton Crescent on this day in 1872
"30.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com How and why did the Crystal Palace burn down in 1936? The palace – which was erected at Hyde Park in 1851 before being moved to Sydenham Hill, south London – had been patched up extensively down the years with wood. It also contained a lot of wooden furniture, a lot of assorted junk, and wooden flooring Fire struck the Crystal Palace on this day in 1936...
"29.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Canossa: a medieval clash between church and state Tom Holland follows the road to the Appenine fortress of Canossa, where the mighty medieval clash between church and state helped form the world we live in today... "Braving the winter gales, the desperate king was resolved to cross the Alps, meet with the Pope and beg forgiveness..."
"29.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com A–Z of the First World War How much do you really know about the First World War? In a new bite-sized A-Z guide, the Imperial War Museum reveals a number of surprising facts, alongside need-to-know details of the key battles, personalities and wartime tactics. Here, we bring y "B is for… Blighty. Methods included shooting oneself in the foot or poking a hand above the trenches to draw sniper fire"
"29.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com Why were suicides supposed to be buried at crossroads? Suicide used to be regarded as shocking and blasphemous, and a coroner's verdict of 'felo de se' – literally crime against oneself – usually resulted in the body being buried at a crossroads, with a stake through the heart, and with no religious cere Historians and archaeologists have long speculated on the reasons for crossroads burials...
"29.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Cuneiform: 6 things you (probably) didn't know about the world's oldest writing system Distinguished by its wedge-shaped marks on clay tablets, cuneiform script is the oldest form of writing in the world, even predating Egyptian hieroglyphics... "Those who read cuneiform for a living – and there are a few – like to think of it as the world's most difficult writing system..."
"29.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Fidel Castro: in pictures Born in 1926, Castro is remembered for leading the Cuban revolution. He went on to rule the country for almost 50 years... Following the recent death of Cuban leader Fidel Castro, we look back at his life in pictures…
"28.11.2016 16:36:09" historyextra.com The power of the Georgian underclass The cunning, courage and sheer resourcefulness of some of 18th‑century London's poorest residents forced the authorities to overhaul the justice and welfare systems... "The pace of reform was forced by violent gangs, insistent paupers, aggressive beggars and prison escapees..."
"28.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com What is the significance of kissing gates as entrances to graveyards? The kissing gate is often the subject of chatter about the origins of its amorous-sounding name "Certainly a kissing gate is easier to negotiate than a stile for churchgoers in their Sunday best..."
"28.11.2016 14:31:00" historyextra.com How bloody was medieval life? From drunken brawls to mass killings, violence cast a long shadow over the Middle Ages. Yet, says Hannah Skoda, our medieval ancestors were as appalled by wanton acts of brutality as we are... "Violence was recognised as a means of communicating messages. Hacking off a woman's nose, for example, was seen as a signifier of adultery..."
"28.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The Shakespeare family saga The story of the Shakespeares was one of social advancement. But along the way were some family upsets: pregnant brides, lawsuits and excommunication... William Shakespeare is thought to have married Anne Hathaway on this day in 1582...
"28.11.2016 12:00:04" historyextra.com Bay of Pigs invasion: Kennedy's Cuban catastrophe In 1961, US-backed exiles made a disastrous attempt to overthrow Cuban leader Fidel Castro. Mark White examines President Kennedy's role in the Bay of Pigs invasion and asks, was his mishandling of the operation as excusable as his supporters would h Following the death of Fidel Castro…
"28.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Margaret Tudor: The forgotten Tudor She briefly presided over a golden period in Scottish history and was a constant thorn in the side of her brother, Henry VIII. So why does Margaret Tudor remain so obscure? Linda Porter tells her story via her letters. Margaret Tudor was born on this day in 1489
"27.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com In their own words: 6 of history's most fascinating letters Here we look at some of the most intriguing letters ever written… From a scribbled warning about the Gunpowder Plot to a typed letter condemning the lack of lifeboats on the Titanic, a new book highlights some of history's most significant letters...
"27.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The bloody world of Georgian female boxing Women in 18th-century Britain are often assumed to have been forced into a passive and feminine role, expected to demonstrate at all times prudence and propriety. But while many did indeed find themselves at the mercy of their husbands, others steppe "The two females (we cannot call them women) stood up like men and punched each other with their fists till the blood ran in streams down their faces and breasts"
"27.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Life of the Week: President Franklin D Roosevelt Here we explore the life of the US president (1882-1945)... Roosevelt is the only US president to have been elected four times...
"27.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about Tobruk The Siege of Tobruk was one of the greatest Allied victories, followed by one of the worst Allied defeats, of the Second World War. Here, on the 75th anniversary of the end of the siege, David Mitchelhill-Green explains its significance and shares ei Today marks the 75th anniversary of the end of the siege
"27.11.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com The dark side of abolitionism In a speech to the House of Commons in 1894, Sir Wilfrid Lawson MP offered a damning verdict on British imperial expansion. “Formerly we stole Africans from Africa, and now we stole Africa from Africans,” he declared. The desire to save Uganda from the ravages of the slave trade was bound up with greed during the clamour to colonise the country in the 1890s, argues Richard Huzzey...
"26.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of graffiti What can graffiti past and present tell us about human creativity? Here, Dr Richard Clay investigates… "Many Viking runes are a little more explicitly 'laddish' than is appropriate for publication here…"
"26.11.2016 15:30:02" historyextra.com Henry VIII: 5 places you (probably) didn't know shaped his life The Tudor king Henry VIII has secured his place in history and continues, more than 500 years after his death, to fascinate. His actions not only gave us some of the most intriguing stories but have impacted on the religious and physical landscapes o Was Henry subconsciously, maybe even consciously, looking for the perfect wife to emulate his mother, with whom he had built such a strong bond at Eltham Palace?
"26.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Showering, teeth brushing and donning underwear: the strange history of our daily routine From the moment we wake in the morning, we all take part in rituals that are millennia old. But when did we start cleaning our teeth and wearing underpants? "Most Europeans went pant-less until the 19th century, with ladies wearing long smocks under their dresses and men merely tucking their long shirts between their legs..."
"26.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Tutankhamun: who's afraid of the pharaoh's curse? Joyce Tyldesley examines Howard Carter's discovery of Tutankhamun – and gets to the bottom of those curse stories. Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon entered the tomb of Tutankhamun on this day in 1922
"26.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 6 of the most catastrophic weather events in British history The famously changeable British weather has long been the subject of complaint and small talk. Here, Patrick Nobbs explores six of the most disastrous weather events in British history The greatest storm ever to strike the British Isles swept in on this day in 1703
"26.11.2016 11:00:00" Timeline Photos For one set-price, get all the back issues you don't own & save up to 84%! Download or open our app today to view your personal saving amount... Ends 28th November 2016. Available here: http://bit.ly/2g4sOFu
"25.11.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com BBC World Histories magazine coming soon BBC World Histories, a brand new title from the makers of BBC History Magazine, brings you a fresh take on our global past – and how it shapes our lives today... Our brand new BBC World Histories magazine is launching next week!
"25.11.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com History quiz – Anglo-Saxons, Bright's disease and the Byzantine army How will you fare in this week's quiz? The Byzantine army suffered a catastrophic defeat in August 1071 at the battle of…?
"25.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 of the best dogs in history As a dog-loving nation, Britain's history is inextricably entwined with that of our pooches. Now, a new book tells the story of Britain in 100 dogs – from Roman times to the present – and looks at the extraordinary roles dogs have played in society A white poodle named Boye sent fear through the ranks of the Parliamentarians during the Civil War…
"25.11.2016 13:00:42" historyextra.com Elizabeth II and her prime ministers Twelve prime ministers have resided in Downing Street during Elizabeth II's reign (thirteen including Theresa May), and their weekly meetings have ranged from fun to fractious. Francis Beckett recounts each premier's relationship with a queen who has Churchill and the Queen laughed a lot, and bonded over a shared interest in horses and racing. Their weekly meetings grew from 30 minutes to two hours…
"25.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 4 revelations about the Titanic disaster "Too many myths and errors have leaked into the historical record. The facts allowed us to quickly dismiss the most absurd of theories about the Titanic..."
"25.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Elizabeth of York: a Tudor of rare talent She may not have sought the limelight as much as some of her contemporaries, but Henry VIII's mother, Elizabeth of York, was a Tudor of rare talent, says Alison Weir... Elizabeth of York was crowned queen of England on this day in 1487...
"24.11.2016 17:30:13" historyextra.com Arts and Crafts and unusual inventors Rosalind Ormiston discusses an important 19th-century artistic movement, while David Bramwell introduces some of history's most talented eccentrics... “Many of the people we might see as eccentric were in fact pioneers. They were just ahead of the game…”
"24.11.2016 16:30:02" Timeline Photos Have you visited New Orleans, Louisiana? What historical sites would you recommend to would-be travellers? (We may print comments)
"24.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com William the Conqueror: hero or villain? Was the Norman invader a great leader who ushered in a new civilised era for England, or a greedy brute who terrorised the Anglo-Saxons? "What we know of William comes from his admirers rather than his critics. His modern heroic reputation results from deliberate distortions of evidence by his contemporaries..."
"24.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Peter Snow's six most important documents in history From Magna Carta to Guy Fawkes' confession, letters and documents offer a fascinating insight into pivotal events in Britain's past. Now, in their new book, celebrated historians Peter and Dan Snow select 50 of the most important "We have struck iceberg, sinking fast, come to our assistance"
"24.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com 7 things you might not know about the history of Thanksgiving It is one of America's most celebrated public holidays: a day of feasting, American Football and family. But how much do you know about the history of Thanksgiving? Here, we bring you some facts that might surprise you… "It wasn't until Abraham Lincoln's 1863 Proclamation that Thanksgiving was regularly commemorated each year on the last Thursday of November"
"24.11.2016 12:02:00" historyextra.com Darwin vs God? John van Wyhe considers how much truth there is in the belief that the naturalist caused an almighty clash between church and science... Charles Darwin published the 'Origin of Species' on this day in 1859...
"24.11.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com BBC History Magazine celebrates its second History Weekend in York Last weekend, our History Weekend returned to the historic city of York for the second year running, this time surrounded by the Roman artefacts and dramatic medieval ruins of the Yorkshire Museum... History enthusiasts joined us in York last weekend for three days of talks on topics from Viking armies and royal rebels to Tudor secrets and Soviet spies...
"23.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Love before Albert: Queen Victoria's suitors They were one of history's most famous couples, and Queen Victoria's love for Prince Albert – her friend, confidant and adored husband – has never been in doubt. But what about the men who tried to win Victoria's hand in the earlier years of her life Before Albert, Victoria attracted a succession of stalkers, admirers and would-be husbands – including the heir to the Russian throne...
"23.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com What was the significance of the battle of Wigan Lane? In August 1651, King Charles II arrived in Worcester with a mostly Scottish army and summoned all royalists to join him against the new republican government of Oliver Cromwell. "The defeat of the royalists ensured that Charles II would be heavily outnumbered when confronted by Cromwell a few days later..."
"23.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The 5 greatest mysteries behind the Wars of the Roses It is one of the most keenly studied periods in British history, and the inspiration for the ever-popular Game of Thrones. But the Wars of the Roses is still full of uncertainty, contention and debate. Here, Dan Jones, presenter of the new Channel 5 Pretender to the English throne Perkin Warbeck was hanged on this day in 1499
"23.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you might not know about Roald Dahl He is one of Britain's most beloved writers, the creator of more than 20 children's books including Matilda, Charlie and the Chocolate Factory and The BFG. But did you know that Roald Dahl was also a medical innovator and a Second World War spy? Here Roald Dahl died on this day in 1990
"22.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about the Woodvilles In 1464, England's most eligible bachelor, King Edward IV, shocked the nation by announcing that he had taken a bride: Elizabeth Woodville, an impoverished widow with two young sons. The match brought his queen's family into the thick of the Wars of "No, the Woodvilles didn't rob the treasury..."
"22.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com 7 myths about Robin Hood We know, or think we know, quite a lot about Robin Hood – the heroic archer in English folklore who supposedly robbed the rich and gave to the poor – but hard facts about him are decidedly thin on the ground. Here, historian David Baldwin busts some It is a myth that Robin Hood was a philanthropist who robbed the rich to give to the poor...
"22.11.2016 12:00:02" historyextra.com How should history remember Margaret Thatcher? Historians Dominic Sandbrook and David Priestland offer contrasting views on the ultimate legacy of Margaret Thatcher, one of Britain's most celebrated, yet divisive, prime ministers... On this day in 1990, Thatcher announced she was to stand down as prime minister after her cabinet refused to back her in a second round of leadership elections
"22.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The assassination of JFK: an eyewitness account On 22 November 1963, Dallas Morning News reporter Hugh Aynesworth inadvertently became an eyewitness to one of the biggest turning points in history JFK was assassinated on this day in 1963. Hugh Aynesworth is credited with being the only journalist to have witnessed the assassination...
"21.11.2016 16:15:00" historyextra.com What is the origin of the phrase 'to blow smoke up someone's arse'? Aside from paying a false compliment, the phrase is often taken to simply mean to lie, but, sadly, it's unlikely to have originated with tobacco enemas. "Our favourite explanation goes back to the First World War when British troops would hold a papier-mâché dummy over the trench parapet with a cigarette in its mouth…"
"21.11.2016 15:16:15" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"21.11.2016 15:16:15" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"21.11.2016 15:15:51" historyextra.com The perils of piety in Tudor England Elizabethans' attempts to get closer to God often ended with them meeting their maker... "Bell-ringers were killed by falling bits of broken bells or even falls from bell-towers. But the biggest problem was swinging ropes…"
"21.11.2016 13:25:19" historyextra.com 10 facts about Stonehenge It is possibly the most famous prehistoric monument in the world. But how much do you know about Stonehenge? Here are 10 important facts... Following the news that a 5,600-year-old religious centre has been discovered near Stonehenge...
"21.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 9 facts about Buckingham Palace The palace first originated as Buckingham House, which was built by John Sheffield, 3rd Earl of Mulgrave and Marquess of Normandy, as his London residence in 1703. In the same year, Sheffield was made the Duke of Buckingham and he consequently named Buckingham Palace is to undergo a 10-year refurbishment starting next April, costing the taxpayer £369m…
"20.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 7 surprising Ancient Rome facts Jem Duducu brings you seven lesser-known facts about the fascinating years before Nero or Hadrian, and about the era of Roman decline… "What determines the final demise of the empire is notoriously difficult..."
"20.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Religion in ancient Rome: what did they believe? From Jupiter to Venus, Romans worshipped and made sacrifices to a multitude of gods and goddesses, believing that these deities could influence their lives. Here, Professor Duncan MacRae from the University of Cincinnati in Ohio explores the signific "We Romans outstrip every people and nation in our piety and sense of religious scruple," claimed Cicero...
"20.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com Forgotten trials: the other side of Nuremberg A landmark in the history of international criminal justice, the Nuremberg Tribunal saw 24 major Nazi criminals brought to trial, with judges from the Allied powers presiding over the hearings. Eleven The Nuremberg Tribunal began on this day in 1945. But it was only a tiny fragment of a whole system of largely forgotten war crimes trials organised by the Allies across Europe…
"20.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Silbannacus: the Roman emperor that time forgot In 1937, British Museum curators came across a baffling discovery – a Roman coin depicting an emperor whose identity was entirely unknown... "The emperor's name was as mysterious as his coin. No historical source mentions an emperor, or even a usurper, with a name resembling Silbannacus..."
"20.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: How did the Romans write fractions? With their letter system for numerals, how did the Romans write fractions? Presumably not all their measurements came out as even numbers... "Most calculations in antiquity were not carried out in writing, but on counting boards of various types, so the notation system did not matter as much..."
"20.11.2016 10:00:01" Timeline Photos Missed any issues? Get ALL the back issues you don't already own for 1 set-price of £39.99 & save up to 84%! Ends 28th November 2016. Available on Apple in-app only here: http://bit.ly/2g4sOFu
"19.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about Pompeii Lost for centuries after being buried by the eruption of Vesuvius in AD 79, Pompeii is today one of the world's most famous and fascinating archaeological sites... "Archaeologists made plastercasts of root cavities in Pompeii's gardens to determine what flowers, fruits and vegetables were being grown in AD 79..."
"19.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com What did the Romans really do for us? The Romans get the credit for a lot of inventions, but things are more complicated than that. Jem Duducu investigates how Roman innovation was often a case of adaptation, rather than originality… "Rather than thinking of the Romans as great inventors, perhaps a more appropriate analogy would be to think of them as the Apple of their day..."
"19.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com How Roman was Britain? Guy de la Bédoyère asks if archaeology paints a balanced picture of life in the imperial province during its years of occupation... "On closer examination the archaeological evidence isn't always what it seems..."
"19.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Gettysburg: Lincoln's greatest victory Brian Holden Reid tells the story of the battle of Gettysburg, a defining clash of the American Civil War, and Union triumph that Abraham Lincoln would hail as “a new birth of freedom”... Lincoln delivered the Gettysburg Address on this day in 1863
"18.11.2016 17:30:00" Timeline Photos In 2017 the BBC is marking 50 years since the partial decriminalisation of homosexuality. The BBC is crowdsourcing photos, memories, film footage and much more to help tell the story of LGBT+ life in Britain from 1967-2016. The BBC will be making an
"18.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – Chaucer, sailors and the Civil War How will you fare in this week's history quiz? What did Edward III give Geoffrey Chaucer on St George's Day 1374?
"18.11.2016 15:30:02" historyextra.com Christianity under Roman rule: a new church is born World-renowned biblical historian Geza Vermes is the author of a book which centres on a pivotal moment in the history of Christianity. He talks to Rob Attar about how the 'Jesus movement' grew into a 'dogmatic' religion under Roman control... "A council was convened in AD 325 by the Roman emperor Constantine to settle a question that was threatening to split the Christian world: what was the relationship of Jesus to God?"
"18.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of beards From 'hipster' beards to waxed moustaches, facial hair seems to have enjoyed a remarkable resurgence in popularity in Britain in recent years. Here, as a new exhibition 'The Age of the Beard' opens at the Florence Nightingale Museum in London, histor "The beard was held up as 'nature's respirator': a natural filter that could trap dust and germs before they could cause damage..."
"18.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The surprising foods eaten in ancient Rome Archaeologists exploring sewers and cesspits at Herculaneum in 2013 made the startling discovery that, contrary to the long-held belief that ancient Romans survived on a basic diet of bread and olive oil, they in fact enjoyed a rich variety of fish, "We often think of the Mediterranean triad – bread, wine and olive oil – as the diet of most Romans, but in fact food in ancient Rome was much more diverse..."
"18.11.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com The glorious Caesars Almost 2,000 years after his death, Gaius Julius Caesar Augustus Germanicus remains the archetype of a monstrous leader. Caligula, as he is better known, is one of the few characters from ancient history to be as familiar to pornographers as to class They're often decried as tyrannical, sex-mad monsters – but Augustus, Caligula and Nero brought peace and stability to the Roman world...
"18.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about the battle of the Somme One of the bloodiest clashes of the First World War, the five-month battle of the Somme claimed the lives of more than 127,000 British soldiers, with more than 57,000 British casualties on the first day alone. Here, Anthony Richards, head of document The battle of the Somme ended 100 years ago today
"18.11.2016 10:00:00" historyweekend.com York History Weekend | Join BBC History Magazine for a weekend of talks Some of the world's leading historians and authors will be in the historic city of York this weekend The wait is finally over: our York History Weekend starts today! Tickets available at the information stand!
"17.11.2016 17:30:01" historyextra.com Soviet science and feeding Britain at war Simon Ings examines scientific development in the USSR, while William Sitwell describes the challenges of keeping Britain supplied during rationing... "In a way, the British people sort of relished rationing..."
"17.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Michael Wood Michael Wood has been bringing history alive for generations of readers and viewers. He is the author of several highly praised books on English history and has recorded over 100 documentary films, among them In the Footsteps of Alexander the Great, Michael will be offering new insights into both Shakespeare's family background and his life in London, at our York History Weekend tomorrow…
"17.11.2016 14:28:51" historyextra.com 7 surprising facts about Roman women From breast-feeding and unusual beauty regimes to female education, Annelise Freisenbruch brings you seven surprising facts about women's lives in ancient Rome... "Ground oyster shells were used as an exfoliant and a mixture of crushed earthworms and oil was thought to camouflage grey hairs. Writers spoke of crocodile dung being used as rouge..."
"17.11.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Becoming Queen: Elizabeth II's coronation It poured with rain, but it was still a moment of colour, glamour and optimism watched by millions in a dreary postwar Britain. Hugh Costello talks to the makers of a BBC documentary that went behind the scenes of the 1953 coronation. "Getting the event on air was not easy – the palace was terrified that the ceremony would lose its magic and become vulgar..."
"17.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Hadrian's travels Hadrian was not the type of emperor to lock himself away in Rome, far from his subjects, and wait for the world to come to him. He ruled over what was possibly then the largest empire in history, and Hadrian has been dubbed "the restless emperor"...
"17.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Elizabeth I's love life: was she really a 'Virgin Queen'? For a queen infamous for her alleged virginity, Elizabeth I's love life has long been the subject of great speculation. Here, Dr Anna Whitelock, a reader in early modern history at Royal Holloway, University of London, explores what really went on be On this day in 1558, Elizabeth was proclaimed queen following the death of her half-sister Queen Mary I
"16.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Who founded Ancient Rome? Dr Miles Russell explains... The Romans created two distinct creation myths for themselves...
"16.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The 8 bloodiest Roman emperors in history They are often described as ruthless and bloodthirsty, famous for their tyrannical reigns of terror. Here, historian Sean Lang examines eight of the bloodiest emperors of Ancient Rome... "Caligula developed paranoia that led him into alarmingly erratic behaviour, possibly including incest with his sister, Julia Drusilla, whom he named as his heir..."
"16.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Boudica: scourge of the Roman empire Vanessa Collingridge tells the story of the woman who raised and led a native army in revolt against oppressive Roman rule in Britain in AD 60... "Boudica was a symbol that though the Iceni might be bruised, they still had their dignity, and it was time to fight back..."
"16.11.2016 13:01:11" historyextra.com 10 key Roman dates you need to know Dr Harry Sidebottom highlights 10 key moments in the rise and fall of one of history's mightiest empires… "In the 50 years between AD 235 and 284, as the Roman empire suffered chronic political and military instability, emperors came and went with bewildering rapidity – the average reign was no more than 18 months…"
"16.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The dangerous streets of ancient Rome Join Mary Beard on a tour of the imperial capital after sunset, when armed muggers, drunken toffs and flying chamber pots hold sway... "Night-time Rome wasn't just dangerous. There was also fun to be had in the clubs, taverns and bars late at night..."
"16.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about Henry III The eldest son of King John, Henry III came to the throne at an early age and enjoyed a reign longer than that of any other English monarch before the Union. Yet, says Matthew Lewis, the author of a new biography on Henry III, this monarch is often o Henry III died on this day in 1272
"16.11.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Joanne Paul Was Tudor statesman Thomas More a saint or torturer? Hero or villain? Find out with Joanne Paul at our History Weekend in York on Sunday!
"15.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com In bed with the Romans: a brief history of sex in Ancient Rome The sexual predilections of people in Ancient Rome and the debauchery of Roman emperors and their empresses are explored in a book written by Paul Chrystal "Same-sex in Ancient Rome was thought to be fine for a man (albeit with conditions), but same-sex between women was unconditionally execrated"
"15.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Welcome to Britannia: Roman Britain in AD 130 80 years after the conquest, tensions were still simmering – especially in the borderland around Hadrian's Wall... "The Britons were regarded as somewhat uncouth, their bodies tattooed with patterns and pictures of all kinds of animals"
"15.11.2016 13:30:02" historyextra.com A handbook to shopping in ancient Rome If you fancied some serious retail therapy in the ancient world then, as Claire Holleran reveals, the streets of Rome were the place to be... "Some unscrupulous retailers had been known to use human flesh in dishes in place of pork, the Roman scholar Galen claimed..."
"15.11.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com How Archimedes took on the Romans The ancient Greek thinker was much more than an eccentric with his head stuck in the clouds. His ingenious inventions helped wage warfare on the Roman empire, says Dr Michael Scott... "Archimedes had a crane design known as the claw. A metal claw could be dropped with a pulley system, crashing into the Roman ship below. The claw would then be hoisted, with the ship attached, out of the water..."
"15.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Justice, Roman style Examining the trials of first-century orator Cicero, Tom Holland explains how Roman justice in the first century BC was as much a matter of entertainment as of due legal process... "Law, to the Romans, was a topic of consuming interest. A lawyer in Rome might become a superstar..."
"14.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 5 reasons you won't want to miss our York History Weekend From 18-20 November, BBC History Magazine's History Weekend festival will be returning to the historic city of York for the second year running. Boasting a line-up of more than 20 eminent speakers including Michael Wood, Suzannah Lipscomb and Janina Less than a week to go! Who are you most excited to see?
"14.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Mary Beard on why Rome ruled the world How did an insignificant little settlement by the river Tiber grow into a mighty empire encompassing the Mediterranean world and much of western Europe? "The more Rome incorporated those they had defeated, the more troops the Romans had to call on..."
"14.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Gladiators in Ancient Rome: how did they live and die? Hollywood likes to cast them as heroic freedom fighters, but what was life really like for Rome's arena-warriors? Tony Wilmott brings you the facts... "Breathing in the heavy bronze helmets was a lung-busting experience…"
"14.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com How to succeed in Ancient Rome From becoming a master charioteer to keeping the gods on your side, making a success of yourself in Ancient Rome was no mean feat... "If one of your debtors defaults, handle him severely. If necessary, sell his children into slavery. Healthy infants fetch a decent price and the sale will act as a warning to others in your debt…"
"14.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com At home with the Romans What did Romans get up to in the privacy of their own abodes? Paul Roberts takes us on a guided tour of the Roman home... "Slaves probably had more comfortable lives than many poorer, freeborn citizens"
"14.11.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Romans Oxford historian Harry Sidebottom shares 10 surprising facts about the Romans... "From the end of the first century AD, Roman emperors had adopted the daily habit of taking a small amount of every known poison in an attempt to gain immunity..."
"14.11.2016 09:46:39" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"14.11.2016 09:46:39" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"13.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Charles II: Too randy to rule Don Jordan and Michael Walsh reveal how the merrie monarch's obsession with sex cost England a fortune and left it vulnerable to attack. Venereal disease was so common at Charles's court that a specialist 'pox doctor' had to be on call…
"13.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Where history happened: remembering the Great War Professor Mark Connelly from the University of Kent discusses the legacy of the First World War through seven British memorials... "There were no domestic graves around which to conduct the usual rites of loss and mourning. This sparked the erection of war memorials as surrogate headstones"
"13.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Lady Jane Grey: why do we want to believe the myth? The image of Lady Jane Grey, the abused child-woman and nine days queen, is encapsulated in a fraud. Why are we so keen to believe in an innocent, virginal Jane, asks Leanda de Lisle... Lady Jane Grey was accused of treason on this day in 1553...
"13.11.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Remembering WW1: blood, poppies and poetry David Reynolds explores how commemoration of the First World War has changed over the past 100 years... "The Two-Minute Silence dates from 1919 and the Poppy Appeal from 1921. Yet the continuity of ritual masks profound changes in British attitudes to remembrance..."
"12.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 7 weird and wonderful Georgian beauty treatments As historical writer Catherine Curzon reveals, the beauty regimes of the Georgian era could put even the most bizarre modern fads to shame… "Heads would be adorned with wax fruit, flowers or even model sailing ships, and the most elaborate hairstyles would remain in place for days or weeks at a time..."
"12.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Women in politics and Robinson Crusoe Historian Julie V Gottlieb tracks the development of female politicians, while Professor Andrew Lambert tells the story of a Pacific island that has become closely associated with Daniel Defoe's best-known novel Women leaders from the Suffragettes to Hillary Clinton…
"12.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Where History Happened: the monastic revolution Charlotte Hodgman speaks to Andrew Jotischky about eight places associated with the reformation of religious institutions across the British Isles during the 12th century... "Another criticism was that Benedictine monks ate too well. A monastic diet, Cistercians said, should consist of plain foods such as vegetables, beans and bread..."
"12.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The myths of the battle of Gallipoli "Far from being a brilliant, potentially war-winning strategy, it was a piece of folly that was always likely to fail..."
"12.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Prince Philip: a life of duty and devotion Sometimes considered brusque and prone to lapses in tact, Prince Philip has nonetheless excelled in his principal role: as the Queen's stalwart companion for nearly 70 years. Sarah Gristwood discusses their long union and the tricky job of a consort "Philip cursed, reportedly, that he was 'just a bloody amoeba', valued for his reproductive function and no more..."
"12.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Life of the Week: King Cnut Recognised as one of the most prominent kings of the Anglo-Saxon era, King Cnut conquered England, Denmark, Norway, and areas of Sweden Cnut died on this day in 1035
"11.11.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – cars, card games and Charles Dickens How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Which popular card game is supposed to have been invented by poet Sir John Suckling (1609–41) and is based on an earlier game known as 'Noddy'?
"11.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 9 facts about Buckingham Palace We bring you nine historical facts about Queen Elizabeth II's official London residence... Queen Victoria was the first British monarch to use the palace as their official residence when she moved there in 1837...
"11.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The great misconceptions of the First World War "There was no single emotional reaction to the outbreak of the First World War. Instead, responses were ambiguous and complex, and changed over time..."
"11.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Who was the first ever teenage heartthrob? Very debatable – you can argue this one all you like, so let's get things started… Several of Rudolph Valentino's female fans allegedly committed suicide following his untimely death…
"11.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com How did WW1 end? The First World War ended not through mutiny or popular uprising, but through decisive military defeat... On Armistice Day, we ask...
"10.11.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com The wartime SAS and Hitler's drug addiction Ben Macintyre details the extraordinary activities of the Special Air Service in the fight against the Axis, while Norman Ohler discusses Blitzed, his new book on Nazi drug abuse... “Hitler used drugs to maintain his tunnel vision and stay on track...”
"10.11.2016 15:30:03" historyextra.com Why Churchill's reputation is still on the line Contrasting biographies of the iconic leader show how perceptions of historical figures change with the passing of time, says David Cannadine... What do you make of Netflix series The Crown's portrayal of Churchill?
"10.11.2016 14:30:14" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with John Julius Norwich At our York History Weekend this November, John Julius presents a vivid history of the Renaissance, told through the stories of its four great princes... "I love the way dry, overly academic history writing is becoming more lively, more literary, and more of a pleasure to read..."
"10.11.2016 13:11:35" historyextra.com Donald Trump's unsurprising victory Is this the greatest political shock in American history? If by shock you mean unexpected, yes it is. Of course, there have been other surprise presidential election results (“Dewey defeats Truman”, or not, as it turned out) but nothing on this scale The election of Donald Trump as president is shocking, but it is not something new, argues Dr Adam Smith...
"10.11.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Which century saw the most change? Life in the west has been utterly transformed over the past millennium. Here, taking in everything from the rise of the castle in the 11th century to the dropping of the atomic bomb in the 20th, Ian Mortimer considers when that change was most profou "After the Black Death a new, deeper sense of mankind's sinfulness entered the public awareness"
"10.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The dark charisma of Adolf Hitler Adolf Hitler was far more than the frenzied madman of popular perception, argues Laurence Rees. Here was a charismatic politician, brilliant at articulating the fears and desires of the people. "Hitler was always certain in his judgements. He never expressed doubt about anything to his audience. He knew the problems Germany faced and he said he knew the solutions"
"09.11.2016 18:21:17" historyextra.com Donald Trump elected president: the historians' verdict What is the historical significance of Trump's election to the White House? Four historians of America offer their views… "It will take far more than a few emollient words to heal the painful divisions in American society"
"09.11.2016 17:00:00" historyextra.com America's devious dream: Roosevelt and the Panama Canal US politics is currently under intense international scrutiny. Over a century ago, President Roosevelt's 'big-stick' diplomacy drove a canal across Panama... "The colossal engineering task generated enough deceit and comic bravado for the plot of an operetta..."
"09.11.2016 15:45:00" historyextra.com American presidents: 9 things you (probably) didn't know Jem Duducu brings you nine surprising facts about America's presidents past... You are unlikely to know the name of the first president of America...
"09.11.2016 14:48:00" historyextra.com Simon Schama on American history As Donald Trump's election victory marks a major turning point for America, we look back at a 2008 interview with Simon Schama about the nation's remarkable history... “Jefferson thought that somehow by America's sheer force of moral example it would create liberty all around the world…”
"09.11.2016 13:40:00" historyextra.com A brief history of election “rigging” in the United States Allegations that the American electoral system is rigged have long been a staple of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's campaign. Here, Dr Adam Smith from University College London (UCL) investigates "Trump was the first presidential nominee of a major party to make allegations of systemic fraud central to his campaign, but his line taps into a deep tradition in American politics..."
"09.11.2016 12:46:01" historyextra.com A country at the crossroads: how Lincoln's 1860 election victory set the US on the path to Civil War Richard Carwardine explains why Lincoln's election victory in 1860 was so important and how he managed to trounce his rivals in the polls... "Lincoln won the presidency with a mere 40 per cent of the popular vote, seven per cent less than the combined ballots of his two Democrat rivals…”
"09.11.2016 11:10:00" historyextra.com Tudors in America: how England's New World colonies came into being While the Spanish were obsessed by central and southern America, England's Tudor monarchs paid little attention to the New World... "It was by pure chance that England's American colonies came into being..."
"08.11.2016 17:15:00" What do you think is the most fascinating period in history and why? (We may print comments)
"08.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Assassination of JFK: historians explore the conspiracy theories Leading historians explore the various theories surrounding the assassination. "The United States government engaged in a systematic cover-up of the truth by either destroying or 'classifying' vital evidence"
"08.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of how people communicated in the Middle Ages In an age of mass communication, of 24-hour news and social media, it's hard to believe that, in many ways, medieval Europeans conversed much like we do... “It is not always clear where medieval rumours began, but there is no doubt that they could spread quickly..."
"08.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The 5 most notorious presidents in US history Dr Adam Smith from University College London (UCL) considers five of the country's most disreputable leaders… "You know the situation is serious when you have to appear on TV and declare 'I am not a crook'"...
"08.11.2016 12:07:07" historyextra.com Life after the White House: what the US presidents did next Washington took up farming, Hoover indulged his passion for fishing and Roosevelt embarked on a year-long hunting expedition… Barack Obama is about to find himself with a lot more time on his hands. How might he spend his post-presidency years?
"08.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Vampires: a cultural history From 12th-century 'revenants' to teen thriller Twilight, belief in vampires has been �an enduring theme in cultural history... Dracula author Bram Stoker was born on this day in 1847...
"07.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Marie Curie Hailed as a 'celebrity scientist' in her lifetime, Marie Curie was the first female to win the Nobel Prize in 1903, for her ground-breaking research on radioactivity... Pioneering scientist Marie Curie was born on this day in 1867...
"07.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Opinion: the conservative legacy of Ronald Reagan Ronald Reagan is arguably the most significant American president of the post-1945 era. Nevertheless, since he left office in 1989 there has been continuous debate over whether his legacy was a positive or negative one. Here, ahead of the US presiden "Donald Trump claims he will create a new era of dynamic economic growth by emulating Reagan's strategy of tax cuts. In fact, the 1980s were not the golden age of prosperity that many Republicans imagine..."
"07.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com Living in sin: unmarried relationships in Victorian Britain Is the idea that Victorian working-class couples often skipped marriage accurate? Rebecca Probert looks at the evidence... "Relationships outside marriage tended to be surreptitious rather than openly acknowledged. The diarist Francis Kilvert wrote of one couple being evicted simply because they were unmarried..."
"07.11.2016 12:12:31" Get 5 digital issues of BBC History Magazine for just £5!
"07.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com A brief history of election “rigging” in the United States Allegations that the American electoral system is rigged have long been a staple of Republican presidential candidate Donald Trump's campaign. Here, ahead of the election on 8 November, Dr Adam Smith from University College London (UCL) investigates "America's politics have always been rude and rumbustious – and, on occasion, rigged…"
"07.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: How many years of its existence has Britain been at war? Statistics state that the USA has been at war for 210 years of its existence. But for how many years has Britain been at war? "Britain engaged in some form of military conflict in every year of Queen Victoria's reign, fighting an incredible 230 wars in this 64-year period alone..."
"06.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Great Wall of China John Man, author of The Great Wall of China, �explodes some of the popular myths surrounding this amazing edifice... The Wall is not as old as you think, and it cannot be seen from the Moon...
"06.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Tutankhamun: behind the mask We know much of the treasures of Tutankhamun's tomb, but what do we know of the daily life of this boy king? Charlotte Booth investigates... "The art of warfare and charioteering was part of the traditional royal education and was taught to Tutankhamun from as young as five years old..."
"06.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com The murderous history of Bible translations The Bible has been translated far more than any other book. Yet, as Harry Freedman reveals in his new book, the history of Bible translations is not only contentious but bloody, with many who dared translate it being burned at the stake. Here, writin The Pope accused John Wycliffe, who is best remembered for producing an English version of the Bible, of "vomiting out of the filthy dungeon of his heart most wicked and damnable heresies"…
"06.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Prince Philip He has been the queen's consort for more than six decades, but Prince Philip's marriage to the then Princess Elizabeth in 1947 caused tensions... "The royal and political elite disliked Philip for his German connections, looked down on him for his lack of education, and questioned whether he would be faithful to Elizabeth..."
"06.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com When were passports first introduced? The first passports were medieval documents that allowed the holder to pass the 'porte', or gate, of a city without paying any local fees on his person or goods. Individual cities often had reciprocal arrangements to waive such fees on each other's f "A ruler could issue a pass porte to his officials allowing them to enter any city in his realm free of charge"
"05.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Guy Fawkes Here we explore the life of the conspirator most closely associated with the foiled Gunpowder plot… "After his confession, Guy Fawkes apparently remarked that he had collected so much gunpowder in order to 'blow you Scotch beggars back to your native mountains'..."
"05.11.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com 9 places associated with Guy Fawkes and the gunpowder plot In 1605 a small group of disaffected Catholics came within a whisker of blowing the king and parliament to smithereens. We visit nine places associated with this bloody scheme. "It was Thomas Percy who had met with James prior to Elizabeth's death and received assurances of better treatment for Catholics. Now, Percy was keen to mete out the ultimate punishment to the heretical king…"
"05.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Why did Anne Boleyn have to die? Was she ensnared by a conspiracy, the victim of her own loose tongue, or simply guilty as charged? Suzannah Lipscomb tries to unearth the real reason why Henry VIII sent his second wife, Anne Boleyn, to the block. "Evidence is limited – but there is enough to appear to support several very different conclusions..." Suzannah Lipscomb
"05.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com A very short history of bonfire night Justin Pollard traces the roots of Guy Fawkes Night The Observance of November 5th Act effectively made the celebration compulsory…
"04.11.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com History quiz – US presidents Test your knowledge of America's presidents past... Hillary Clinton is the first woman to run for president as the nominated candidate of one of the two major parties, Democrat and Republican. How many women have stood for vice president as a Democrat or Republican Party nominee?
"04.11.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com "How I fell captive to the Germans": the experience of WW1 PoWs British officers taken prisoner were required to explain how they fell into enemy hands. Their testimonies offer a fascinating insight into the brutality of trench warfare... “I was hit by a grenade that burst behind me. I lost a great quantity of blood and the next thing I remember is a Boche kicking me on the head at the other end of the trench...”
"04.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about King Cnut A fierce Danish warrior king who conquered vast swathes of northern Europe and ruled over 11th-century England, Cnut is one of the Anglo-Saxon period's most prominent figures... "Cnut left behind a number of hostages – minus their ears and noses. It was a stark warning to those who did not support him – they could be in for a seriously difficult time in the future..."
"04.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The young Elizabeth II: life before she was Queen From her birth to loving parents, her unconventional education and her involvement in the war effort, to the crisis that brought her to the throne, Kate williams charts the early years and upbringing The Queen's early life is the subject of new Netflix drama series 'The Crown', out today…
"04.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 5 reasons you won't want to miss our York History Weekend From 18-20 November, BBC History Magazine's History Weekend festival will be returning to the historic city of York for the second year running. Boasting a line-up of more than 20 eminent speakers including Michael Wood, Suzannah Lipscomb and Janina Will you be joining us?
"03.11.2016 17:11:50" historyextra.com Black British history and Charles I's children David Olusoga explores Britain's often forgotten links with the people of Africa. Meanwhile, historical author Linda Porter, describes the fates of a group of royal children whose father was executed in 1649 "There is an amazing history in this family of children just being left behind, with no obvious explanation for this"
"03.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Heavenly dew: crying in the Middle Ages "How could you tell if tears were really from God, if someone was faking or, worse, if their tears actually came from the devil?"
"03.11.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Playing King Henry VIII From muscled Adonis to disease-ridden tyrant, Henry VIII presents a challenge to any actor. Eric Ives looks at portrayals of Henry on screen and on canvas... "The real challenge for any actor portraying the younger Henry is to reveal the Metsys latent within the youthful Adonis..."
"03.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The march of the Green Shirts David Nash tells the story of a mass political movement that was driven onto the streets in the 1930s by many of the issues facing the country today. They railed at bankers, urged Britain to cut ties with Europe, and argued that austerity was crippling the economy...
"03.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 5 historical space travel facts From the moon landing to the first dog to orbit the earth, we bring you five historical space travel facts... Laika the dog, the first living creature to orbit the Earth, was launched into space on this day in 1957...
"03.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com What is the origin and meaning of the pirate expression 'shiver me timbers'? This stereotypically piratical expression found fame in Disney's 1950 adaptation of Treasure Island, in which Robert Newton's irascible Long John Silver uttered it in his native west country accent to exclaim shock and surprise (“here's Jim Hawkins, Variations include "shiver my sides" and "shake up your timbers"...
"03.11.2016 09:48:09" BBC History Magazine Our December issue is now on sale!
"03.11.2016 09:48:09" BBC History Magazine Our December issue is now on sale!
"02.11.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The earthquakes that rocked Georgian London Andrew Robinson describes what happened when a series of earthquakes struck London in 1750. Houses collapsed, sheep ran wild, Westminster Abbey shook and the people trembled in fear of armageddon..
"02.11.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Britain: a nation of slave owners Thousands of 'ordinary' Britons profited from the slave trade – and, says David Olusoga, they weren't about to accept abolition without a fight... "Thousands of British men and women opposed abolition because they themselves owned slaves. They portrayed slavery as critical to the national interest..."
"02.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com Britain and Japan's 400-year relationship Antony Best picks out eight key moments in the relationship between Britain and Japan that has veered from violent hostility to cultural and economic partnerships. "The new regime was torn between those who wished to expel the west and those who realised that Japan had to adapt itself to the modern world..."
"02.11.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com York History Weekend: behind the scenes with Yorkshire Museum's curator of archaeology Later this month, the UK's leading popular historians will be joining us in York for BBC History Magazine's History Weekend... "York was central to the Roman empire. Goods and people from all over Europe, Asia and North Africa flooded in, shaping the city into a cosmopolitan melting pot of religions, cultures, tastes and ideas..."
"02.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com In focus: Marie Antoinette On 21 September 1792, the Legislative Assembly in France voted for the monarchy to be abolished and called for the creation of the First Republic. Just four months later, King Louis XVI was tried for high treason by revolutionaries in the The Nationa Marie Antoinette was born on this day in 1755
"02.11.2016 10:45:00" telegraph.co.uk "Town planners did more damage to Britain's heritage than Hitler's bombs" Andrew Lloyd Webber has said that own planners did much more damage to English heritage in the 1950s and 1960s than Hitler's Second World War bombs. What's your view? We may print comments
"01.11.2016 17:30:02" historyextra.com Uncertainty and unrest: the madness of the Regency period Stella Tillyard looks beyond the romanticised Regency world of Jane Austen novels and finds a time of unrest and uncertainty... "The Regency period seems to me an altogether stranger time than we might think, haunted by the madness of the king, shadowed by war, and wracked with uncertainty about the future..."
"01.11.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com Alan Turing: The man, the enigma The founding father of computing played a vital role in breaking German codes during the Second World War. Joel Greenberg deciphers the brilliant but troubled life of Alan Turing... "Contrary to popular belief, there was no single 'Enigma code'"...
"01.11.2016 14:30:02" historyextra.com American presidents: 9 things you (probably) didn't know Most minds will leap to George Washington, but think about that for a moment. During the American Revolutionary War of 1775–83 (also known as the War of Independence), Washington was first and foremost a politician; he was voted in as president in 17 With the presidential election just one week away...
"01.11.2016 13:00:00" historyextra.com The assassination of prime minister Spencer Perceval: a popular murder? The assassination of the prime minister Spencer Perceval on 11 May 1812 was greeted with celebration as well as dismay... Spencer Perceval, the only British prime minister to be assassinated while in office, was born on this day in 1762...
"01.11.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 7 facts about the Hundred Years' War The battle of Agincourt was a major English victory over the French in the Hundred Years' War. But how much do you know about this series of conflicts, fought from 1337 to 1453 over succession to the French throne? "The legend that the origins of the 'v' sign can be found in the Hundred Years' War is, sadly, just legendary"...
"01.11.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 14 weird things that have happened in November through history The death of Empress Catherine the Great of Russia in November 1796 is surrounded in scandalous legend...
"31.10.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com Witch Quiz The history of witchcraft in Britain is a dark one, brimming with trials, persecution and torture, which claimed the lives of hundreds of innocent men and women during the 16th and 17th centuries. But what did you actually have to do to end up in the Would you have been accused of witchcraft?
"31.10.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com What was the sweating sickness in Tudor England? The first incident of the sweating sickness, also known as the "English Sweate”, occurred in 1485... "Many well known Tudor courtiers contracted the illness, including Anne Boleyn and Cardinal Wolsey..."
"31.10.2016 15:30:43" historyextra.com The Victorians' grisly fascination with murder Clive Bloom lifts the lid on the Victorians' grisly fascination with murder, from the case of the constable-killer who believed he was Christ to the ruthless conman who drowned his wives... "In April 1889, Florence bought flypaper infused with arsenic and soaked it to decant the poison for cosmetic use..."
"31.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of coffee: a drink for the devil The second-most traded commodity in the world, behind only petroleum, coffee has become a mainstay of the modern diet. Here, Paul Chrystal, author of Coffee: A Drink For the Devil, charts its discovery and explores Britain's love affair with the the Coffee, it was claimed, was the Viagra of the day, making "the erection more vigorous, the ejaculation more full, add[ing] a spiritualascendency to the sperm"
"31.10.2016 13:00:01" historyextra.com 11 things you (probably) didn't know about Sherlock Holmes Sherlock Holmes and his crime-busting abilities have long fascinated readers and viewers alike... “William Gillette (who played Sherlock Holmes in an 1899 stage play) is credited with introducing Holmes' curved pipe, possibly because a straight pipe obscured his face when he delivered his lines…”
"31.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Battle of Britain: a brilliant triumph that involved far more than just the chosen few The battle has long been hailed as the triumph of the plucky underdog over the Nazi goliath. Yet, says James Holland, it was the RAF that held all the aces... The Battle of Britain ended on this day in 1940...
"31.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you didn't know about the history of Halloween Dr David Clarke of Sheffield Hallam University, an expert on British folklore, investigates the origins of this eerie autumn festival… It is "the most widely misunderstood and misrepresented day in the festival year"...
"30.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: How was Morse code invented? Samuel Morse came up with the idea for an electric telegraph when he heard about electromagnetism on a voyage from France to New York in 1832... "Samuel Morse was a well-known painter and keen amateur inventor..."
"30.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Waterloo: the historian's verdict Historians reflect on some of the big questions relating to the famous 1815 battle... "Although any army led by Napoleon commanded respect, this one was not as strong as those of his heyday. It was hastily assembled, with many raw recruits..."
"30.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com 8 things you (probably) didn't know about Tutankhamun In 1922, Howard Carter and Lord Carnarvon discovered Tutankhamun's near-intact tomb in the Valley of the Kings. The king's mummified body still lay, surrounded by precious grave goods, in his golden coffin. Today, Tutankhamun is ancient Egypt's most He was buried in a second-hand coffin, and his heart is missing…
"30.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Henry VII: survivor and stabiliser He may not be the most popular Tudor but, says Steven Gunn, Henry VII set the blueprint for a dynasty that was to make England a global power... Henry VII's coronation took place on this day in 1485. "He laid the foundations for every aspect of later Tudor rule," argues Steven Gunn...
"30.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 9 things you might not know about Anne Frank Here we round up nine important facts about Anne Frank, who in 1944 at the age of 14 was captured by the Nazis along with her family. Her famous diary was published by her father, Otto Frank, in 1947 At the end of October or the beginning of November 1944, Margot and Anne Frank were deported from Auschwitz to Bergen-Belsen…
"29.10.2016 16:30:01" Timeline Photos Have you visited Bethlehem? What would you recommend? (We may print comments)
"29.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 5 historic hauntings for Halloween Professor Owen Davies, a historian who specialises in witchcraft, magic, and ghosts from the ancient world to the modern era, shares five historic "hauntings"… "By the spring of 1771, mysterious murmurings, groanings, and shrieks plagued the Manor House..."
"29.10.2016 14:30:07" historyextra.com History Explorer: The Scottish Enlightenment Alexander Broadie explains how Glasgow University inspired some of the 18th century's most brilliant thinkers... "These formidable thinkers took advantage of the Scottish religious and political authorities' relatively relaxed attitudes to set the agenda for cutting-edge research across Europe..."
"29.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Walter Ralegh: the heroic traitor Mark Nicholls explains how the celebrated Elizabethan polymath fell foul of King James and ended up on the executioner's block... On this day in 1618, Sir Walter Ralegh was beheaded on the orders of King James I & VI. "He had been a thorn in the king's side too long"...
"29.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com How significant was the Suez Crisis? The 1956 Suez Crisis is widely remembered as a critical event in post-war British history, which helped bring to an end the era of Britain as a global empire and superpower. Sixty years on, Andrew Jones asks how significant Suez really was, and why i 60 years on, we ask: was Suez truly a watershed moment in post-war British history?
"29.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Britain's top 10 cultural success stories For all the talk of its diminished status over the past decades, there is one field in which Britain has remained an undisputed world leader: popular entertainment. Dominic Sandbrook selects 10 of his favourite cultural success stories... "The Harry Potter stories would never have been so successful had they not been rooted in the most distinctive British popular genre of all – the boarding school story..."
"29.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com How to carry off a great hoax Author and journalist Eugene Byrne considers what you need to bear in mind if you're planning a masterpiece of deception... Jonathan Swift's elaborate hoax ruined the business and reputation of almanac-writer and astrologer John Partridge...
"28.10.2016 16:30:01" ospreypublishing.com Escape from Colditz Colditz Castle - World War II.An impregnable fortress. An inescapable prison. Until now.Designed by Major Pat Reid, one of only a handful of prisoners-of-war to escape Colditz Castle, and screenwriter Brian Degas, Escape From Colditz is the iconic game of ADVERT: Out of print in Britain for more than 30 years, Escape from Colditz returns in this deluxe edition from Osprey Games. The game was originally designed in conjunction with Major Pat Reid, who escaped from Colditz prisoner of war camp in the Second
"28.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – Dames, JFK and the house of Gonzaga How will you fare in this week's history quiz? The death of which prominent cultural figure was overshadowed by the assassination of John F Kennedy on the same day?
"28.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The cult of Thomas Becket Anne Duggan of King's College London looks at seven places with links to a man whose martyrdom has inspired Christians across Europe for 800 years... "The brutal murder of Archbishop Thomas Becket in Canterbury Cathedral in 1170 established Canterbury as the centre of a pilgrimage cult that embraced the whole of the Latin west..."
"28.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Princely pleasures at Kenilworth: Robert Dudley's three-week marriage proposal to Elizabeth I Described as Elizabeth I's great love, Robert Dudley came closer than any other suitor to making the queen his wife... "Elizabeth's pet name for Dudley was 'eyes'. The pair met as children at the court of Henry VIII, perhaps as early as c1540, when each would have been about seven...."
"28.10.2016 12:27:03" Timeline Photos Spooktacular saving: For just £2.99, get 30-days of BBC History Magazine on your mobile or tablet device & save 33% on single issue prices! Start your 1-month subscription in-app today here: http://bit.ly/2efcwIA
"28.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about Henry III The eldest son of King John, Henry III came to the throne at an early age and enjoyed a reign longer than that of any other English monarch. Yet, says Matthew Lewis, the author of a new biography on Henry III, this monarch is often overlooked. Here, Henry III was crowned at Gloucester Cathedral 800 years ago today. But he was not the true ruler of England…
"28.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Mussolini's willing followers The postwar orthodoxy held that most Italians never truly bought into Fascism. Yet, says Christopher Duggan, who died earlier this year, the devotion to Mussolini expressed in newly analysed diaries and letters of the time tells a very different stor On this day in 1922, Mussolini 'led' the Fascist March on Rome...
"27.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com “I've been close to death nine times”: John Simpson on life as a foreign correspondent The role of the foreign correspondent has become more dangerous than ever amid conflicts in Iraq and Syria, distinguished BBC journalist John Simpson has said "I think the role of the foreign correspondent has become more dangerous in the last few years, since the invasion of Iraq in 2003"
"27.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The secrets of 6 of Britain's most famous castles – with Dan Jones Recounting tales from 1,000 years of British history, Secrets of Great British Castles captures the might and majesty of Edinburgh, Cardiff, York, Lancaster, Leeds and Arundel castles and brings to life the heroic and notorious characters who once wa From the kings of Scotland who played a real life 'Game of Thrones' at Edinburgh Castle to the Pendle Witches tried at Lancaster...
"27.10.2016 13:15:01" historyextra.com Q&A: When and where was the trebuchet invented? Like many premodern technologies, it is not known for sure when or where the first trebuchet appeared... "It is thought that trebuchets were used mainly to launch items over walls, including diseased animal carcasses or the heads of captured men..."
"27.10.2016 11:45:01" historyextra.com Scandalous Tudor weddings: 7 women who braved royal wrath by marrying for love For those in the higher echelons of society, a good marriage was one that brought about mutual prosperity and advancement in status, or strengthened alliances... Catherine of Valois, the widowed queen of Henry V who broke with tradition and remarried for love, was born on this day in 1401...
"27.10.2016 10:59:45" historyextra.com The ultimate guide to the Stuarts The Stuart period coincided with some of the most dramatic events in British history, from revolution and civil war to terrorist attacks and even the killing of a king… "The Stuart period was a nation-defining era, every bit as enthralling, dramatic and pivotal as the reigns of Henry VIII and Elizabeth I..."
"26.10.2016 16:30:01" bbc.co.uk Black History Month row over Zayn Malik image - BBC News A students' union apologises for using the faces of Zayn Malik and Sadiq Khan to mark Black History Month. What's your opinion? (We may print comments)
"26.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Medieval English law in the time of Magna Carta What sort of legal system governed the land in medieval England and how was criminal law executed? Here, Dr Jens Röhrkasten, a lecturer in medieval history at the University of Birmingham, investigates… "The accused would be submerged in cold water to see whether he would float (a sign of guilt) or sink (a sign of innocence)"
"26.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Historical recipe corner: Tudor vegetable pie Ahead of tonight's Bake Off final, we recreate a recipe from the past. This Tudor pie would be eaten on days when abstinence from meat was practised... "This 1596 recipe for a 'pie of bald meats [greens] for fish days' was handy for times such as Lent or Fridays when the church forbade the eating of meat..."
"26.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Thomas More: saint or sinner? History has left us two Thomas Mores – the flawless Catholic saint, and the cruel ogre, hellbent on burning Protestants. Both, however, are fallacies... Sir Thomas More was appointed Lord Chancellor of England on this day in 1529. He was "thus responsible for the maintenance of religious uniformity in England"...
"26.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Was the gunfight at the OK Corral a major gun battle? Despite being immortalised in numerous novels and movies, the gunfight at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory only lasted about 30 seconds… On this day in 1881 a gunfight broke out at the OK Corral in Tombstone, Arizona Territory…
"26.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 9 things you (probably) didn't know about Winston Churchill He is considered one of the defining figures of the 20th century, remembered for his inspirational speeches and for leading Britain to victory in the Second World War. But you might be surprised to learn that Winston Churchill had a patchy academic r On this day in 1951, Churchill became prime minister for the second time
"26.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The real Alfred the Great Barbara Yorke reveals intriguing details about the talents that made King Alfred a unique early medieval monarch... Alfred the Great is thought to have died on this day in 899...
"25.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com How to lead like Saladin John Man reveals the eight qualities that made Saladin one of the greatest leaders of them all... "One of the most effective weapons in Saladin's armoury was the capacity to brutalise..."
"25.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Gertrude Bell: adventurer, diplomat, mountaineer and anti-suffragette Helen Berry celebrates an influential but neglected character... "Bell is a problematic feminist icon – she campaigned against votes for women…"
"25.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Why is Portugal known as Britain's oldest ally? The first point to make is that Portugal is actually England's oldest ally. It is only because England is now part of the United Kingdom that Portugal is counted as a British ally. The relationship has not all been plain sailing, however…
"25.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Chaucer and the idea of Englishness Tradition has it that by writing in English, Geoffrey Chaucer took a conscious decision to challenge the dominance of French and Latin. But was that really the case? Geoffrey Chaucer, author of 'The Canterbury Tales', died on this day in 1400...
"25.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Agincourt: medieval England's finest hour? Anne Curry considers whether Henry V's famous victory over the French really deserves its iconic status... The battle of Agincourt took place on this day in 1415
"25.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com George III and the art of anatomy Janice Hadlow describes the private lives of George III and his family, while Adam Rutherford describes the connections between anatomical study and great works of art... George III became king on this day in 1760...
"24.10.2016 16:30:01" theguardian.com Christopher Marlowe credited as one of Shakespeare's co-writers Dramatists to appear jointly on title pages of Henry VI, Parts One, Two and Three in the New Oxford Shakespeare after analysis by team of 23 academics "The two dramatists will appear jointly on each of the three title pages of the plays within the New Oxford Shakespeare, a landmark project to be published by Oxford University Press this month"
"24.10.2016 15:34:03" historyextra.com From bes to Bitcoin: alternative currencies in the ancient Roman world Be it Bristol or Brixton, in recent years a number of cities in Britain have developed their own alternative, local currencies. Intended to support independent businesses, these currencies work alongs "The concept of alternative, local currencies is anything but modern…"
"24.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com When did the English alphabet first exist? A distinctively English alphabet grew out of the pagan Germanic runes and the Latin alphabet introduced by Christian missionaries. ... and why are there 26 letters in the order we know them today?
"24.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Was Victorian life really so grim? Rosalind Crone reveals surprising truths about the experiences of the urban poor in 19th-century Britain... "Child labour offends our 21st-century sensibilities, but it was not necessarily socially detrimental…"
"24.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com In profile: Jane Seymour Historian Elizabeth Norton tells you everything you need to know about Jane Seymour, queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of Henry VIII Jane Seymour, the third wife of Henry VIII, died on this day in 1537
"24.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 8 weird and wonderful pictures from the past Hitler playing with a deer, Ronald Reagan posing as a model for a sculpture class, and Ku Klux Klan members taking a spin on a ferris wheel, are among the unusual images featured in a book of historical oddities. On this day in 1901, schoolteacher Annie Edson Taylor became the first person to survive a trip over Niagara Falls in a barrel…
"23.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Queen Victoria's funeral Joanna Bourke examines newsreel footage of Queen Victoria's “remarkable” funeral procession in 1901... "Queen Victoria knew how to do death"
"23.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Middle Ages It is one of the most fascinating periods in history, popularised by Magna Carta, the Black Death, and the Hundred Years War... "It was common to raise money for charity by holding a 'help ale': brewing up a batch of ale, having a big party to drink it, and collecting donations..."
"23.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Tutankhamun: who's afraid of the pharaoh's curse? Joyce Tyldesley examines Howard Carter's discovery of Tutankhamun – and gets to the bottom of those curse stories... "Carter had little patience with the curse theorists. 'It is rather too much to believe that some spook is keeping watch over the dead Pharaoh, ready to wreak vengeance on anyone who goes too near,' he told the New York Times..."
"23.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Poldark's Cornwall: the history behind the hit series Romantic scandals, political shenanigans, smuggling – Hannah Greig explores how themes in the Poldark novels and BBC TV series reflect key concerns of the era... “Well-born Ross Poldark shuns social protocol and marries Demelza, a kitchen maid. Such matches were incredibly rare in Georgian Britain. However, a handful of 18th-century marriages were similarly unconventional…”
"23.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Britain's Civil Wars: The 15 key moments Britain was engulfed by war in the mid-17th century. Here, three leading historians of the conflict – Micheál Ó Siochrú, John Adamson and Blair Worden – consider the pivotal points. The story begins with Charles I, King of England, Scotland and Irela The battle of Edgehill took place on this day in 1642. It was "a chaotic melee, long and viciously fought, and with heavy casualties on both sides"
"22.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com When did the leopards on the royal arms of England become the lions depicted today? The medieval bestiary comprised real and mythical creatures, and the medieval intellect wasn't interested in our modern post-Enlightenment taxonomy. "The leopard was thought to be the result of an adulterous union between a lion and a mythical beast called a 'pard' (hence leo-pard)"
"22.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about First World War uniforms The camouflage uniform donned by soldiers during the First World War is, to many, instantly recognisable, but how much do you really know about the garments? "A mass knitting frenzy began, which made the government very nervous about the colourful, quirky garments reaching soldiers at the front. Hence official knitting patterns were issued…"
"22.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The end game: Britain's role in Afghanistan 1947–50 From the 1920s to 1940s, Afghanistan acted as a buffer state between the British empire in India and the Russian/Soviet empire. Although not governed directly by Britain, as India was, Britain controlled Afghanistan's foreign policy and paid the gove Britain once had unparalleled influence over Afghan policies and international relations. Yet in the space of just three years from 1947, Britain's influence in the country crumbled. Why?
"22.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Richard III: A hostage to fortune For all his reputation as the ruthless master of his own destiny, Richard's extraordinary life was, argues David Horspool, ultimately defined by the capricious whims of lady luck... "Richard's decision to seize the throne – and allegedly dispatch the 'princes in the Tower' – was a masterfully ruthless display that astonished Europe. But Richard took advantage of his good luck; he did not make it..."
"22.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Nuclear nightmare: the Cuban missile crisis The Cuban missile crisis was arguably the most dangerous confrontation the world has faced. Mark White re-examines the conduct of the Kennedys... On this day in 1962, JFK made a TV address announcing the imposition of a naval blockade around Cuba…
"21.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – chemicals, feminists and fishermen How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Dame Millicent Fawcett (1847–1929) was a feminist and women's suffrage campaigner. Who was her equally prominent sibling?
"21.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com 1940: the year Mexico legalised drugs The new legislation, signed into law by Mexico's left-wing president, Lázaro Cárdenas, was truly revolutionary: it swept away the old punitive edicts on drugs offences, authorised doctors to prescribe narcotics to addicts, established out-patient cli On 5 January 1940, the revolutionary Federal Regulation of Drug Addiction was signed into law. The selling and purchasing of small amounts of drugs, including cocaine and heroin, were effectively decriminalised, and drug dispensaries were established
"21.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: How did the Colditz escapees plan to get their glider out? Work on the Colditz Cock, to give the glider its full name, began in late 1944... "The idea for the glider came from Major Tony Rolt, who noticed that the lower roofline of the chapel could not be seen from any German sentry posts..."
"21.10.2016 12:00:00" Timeline Photos Get instant access to the current issue for FREE & save 33% on single issue prices when you start a 30-day subscription in-app today! Download & open the free app to your mobile or tablet device to find out more: http://bit.ly/2efcwIA
"21.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Why did news of Nelson's victory at Trafalgar take so long to reach England? News of the battle, which took place on 21 October 1805, didn't reach the Admiralty until 6 November... On the anniversary of the battle of Trafalgar, we ask...
"21.10.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Nelson: 10 days that created a legend The iconic naval victories of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805) made him a British hero. Quintin Colville and James Davey pick out the moments in Nelson's life that propelled him to greatness... The battle of Trafalgar took place on this day in 1805. The culmination of Nelson's professional career; the battle cost him his life…
"20.10.2016 17:30:00" youtube.com NMA | Virtual Tour ADVERT: Discover our shared history at the National Memorial Arboretum's unique woodland landscape and have the chance to win a luxury VIP trip to the new Remembrance centre http://www.historyextra.com/sponsored/thenma
"20.10.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com Test your historical knowledge at English Heritage's pub quiz Fancy yourself as a historical trivia mastermind? Think you know all there is to know about the past? Join English Heritage in London... On 10 November, history fans can test their knowledge in a fun and lighted-hearted pub quiz organised by English Heritage...
"20.10.2016 15:35:00" historyextra.com The Aberfan disaster and women who made history As we approach the 50th anniversary of the Aberfan disaster, historian and producer Steve Humphries talks about how the Welsh village has coped with the tragedy. Meanwhile, we are joined by Woman's Hour presenter Jenni Murray to discuss some of the f "The school was enveloped in this sludge full of stones, which hit at about 70 or 80 miles an hour; it was like a tsunami"
"20.10.2016 14:30:00" theguardian.com This bonfire of the A-levels is torching our culture and history | Letters Letters: A working knowledge of classics might have given pause before we enter into this act of national cultural denial "One ignores the realm and relevance of Dionysus at one's peril, as the fate of Pentheus, one-time king of Thebes, so graphically demonstrates"
"20.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 7 myths about the battle of Culloden busted The final confrontation of the 1745 Jacobite Rising – an attempt to reinstate a Stuart monarch on the throne of Britain – the battle of Culloden is today considered one of the most significant clashes in British history. It saw a Hanover Compelling but often misleading myths have come to surround the 1746 battle of Culloden, the last ever battle to be fought on British soil…
"20.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The delightfully dysfunctional Georgians The Tudors might steal the limelight, but the reigns of Georges I and II were just as scandalous – and key to Britain's emergence as a global power – according to Lucy Worsley. The coronation of George I took place on this day in 1714. He was "just as excitingly dysfunctional as Henry VIII", says Lucy Worsley…
"20.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Juliet Barker At our York History Weekend this November, Juliet Barker separates myth from reality to discover the real Charlotte Brontë... "The medieval period remains my favourite: it hasn't been written about to saturation point (unlike the Tudors), and its sophistication is massively under-estimated..."
"19.10.2016 15:30:01" theguardian.com What should Austria do with Hitler's old house? The question of what to do with sites linked to the Third Reich has long vexed governments – and demolition is not the only option What is your view? (We may print comments)
"19.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com 9 places associated with the collapse of Roman Britain The Roman period in Britain is commonly said to conclude in AD 410 when the legions were called home, yet the story is a little more complicated than that... "The fifth century saw the movement of 'barbarian' peoples into Roman territory in far greater numbers – and frequently as rulers or raiders rather than refugees or Roman soldiers..."
"19.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Touring London with Shakespeare, Dickens and Oscar Wilde: 7 must-see literary landmarks London's streets, pubs and clubs have housed some of the most beloved names in the history of English literature... "As a teenager, playwright Noel Coward was caught stealing at Hatchards bookshop. When he was collared, red-handed, he simply said: 'Really! Look how badly this store is run. I could have made off with a dozen books and no one would have noticed'..."
"19.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Kulich The semi-final of The Great British Bake Off airs on BBC One tonight. Here, we step back in time and recreate some historical recipes to try at home... "Often baked in a coffee tin so its shape resembled the hats of Russian Orthodox priests, kulich was a tasty treat after the restrictions of Lent..."
"19.10.2016 11:45:08" BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend Join us for our History Weekend in York featuring talks from more than 20 of the world's leading historians and authors. Will you be joining us?
"19.10.2016 11:43:29" BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend BBC History Magazine's York History Weekend Join us for our History Weekend in York featuring talks from more than 20 of the world's leading historians and authors.
"19.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The history essay: Why Waterloo fires our imaginations The iconic 1815 battle wasn't even the most significant clash of the Napoleonic Wars, so why has it commanded such reverence for over 200 years? "The decisive battle in the struggle to overthrow the Napoleonic empire was not Waterloo but Leipzig". The clash concluded on this day in 1813
"19.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com A brief history of Hadrian's Wall Hadrian's Wall in northern England is well known to tourists and walkers, and has been subject to many years of archaeological research. Patricia Southern reveals some lesser-known facts about how the Roman wall worked… "The fact that we do not know everything there is to know about the wall is part of its fascination..."
"19.10.2016 09:00:00" bbc.co.uk King John: Dysentery and the death that changed history - BBC News Along with a terrible reputation, King John had a grim death but inadvertently laid the foundations for democracy and the rule of law. "His chaotic and disastrous reign came to a heaving end on, or near, the toilet"
"18.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Was King John really that bad?... Yes! Most kings were capable of behaving badly from time to time. Yet, says Marc Morris, when it came to lechery, treachery and shocking acts of cruelty, the king who sealed Magna Carta 800 years ago was in a league of his own... King John is thought to have died on this day in 1216. "Small wonder that some chroniclers imagined him suffering the torments of hell…"
"18.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 5 things you (probably) didn't know about the crusades Beginning in the late 11th century, the crusades were a series of military expeditions mounted by western European Christians in a bid to conquer the Holy Land. The first was called in November 1095 by Pope Urban II and while there is some disagreeme "When caught in the crossfire, women didn't hesitate to don arms and armour..."
"18.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The real King Arthur and his Lancelot: Henry the Young King and William Marshal Thomas Asbridge, author of a new biography of the famed knight William Marshal, explores a remarkable medieval friendship that echoed England's greatest legend... “Henry the Young King seemed assured of a glittering future when he was crowned in 1170. He was tall and incredibly handsome – the golden child of his generation…”
"18.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The real reason Jane Austen never married Acknowledged as one of the greatest writers in the English language, Jane Austen's romantic novels are admired across the world. Yet, while her literary heroines enjoyed romantic wedded bliss, Austen herself remained unmarried all her life. Here, exp Unlike her literary heroines, Jane never took her own trip down the aisle. Why?
"18.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com 6 weird inventions in history Throughout history, inventors have produced weird, wonderful and sometimes dangerous gadgets. Here, we round up six of the strangest… "By 1938, the prospect of Britain entering into war with Germany looked increasingly likely. With this in mind, FW Mills from Kent designed a large pram to protect babies and toddlers from gas attacks that might feature in air raids..."
"18.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Margaret Tudor: The forgotten Tudor She briefly presided over a golden period in Scottish history and was a constant thorn in the side of her brother, Henry VIII. So why does Margaret Tudor remain so obscure? Margaret Tudor, sister of Henry VIII, died on this day in 1541...
"18.10.2016 09:00:00" theguardian.com Scrapping of archeology and classics A-levels criticised as 'barbaric act' Time Team presenter Tony Robinson claims A-level subjects being cut by exam board feels like the 'Visigoths at the gates of Rome' What is your reaction? (We may print comments)
"17.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Life in the Victorian workhouse Dr Samantha Shave and Charlotte Hodgman visit Weaver Hall Museum in Cheshire, a former workhouse and place of last resort for the destitute… "Men, women and children were separated on arrival, to prevent 'pauper breeding'. Even families were only permitted to see each other for a few hours a week…"
"17.10.2016 14:31:00" historyextra.com History Weekend celebrates its debut at Winchester History enthusiasts joined BBC History Magazine in Winchester last weekend, as our popular history festival made its exciting debut in the historic market town... Here we round up some of the highlights of our Winchester History Weekend...
"17.10.2016 12:52:27" historyextra.com What is gaol fever and how was it caused and spread? Eugene Byrne investigates... The last outbreaks of gaol fever to kill significant numbers of Europeans were in Hitler's concentration camps...
"17.10.2016 12:49:25" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"17.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Has history been unfair to Charles I? For all Charles I's undoubted flaws, we should recognise that the much-maligned monarch was handicapped by his father's failings and chronic bad luck, says Tim Harris... "The policies Charles pursued were undoubtedly controversial..."
"17.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com El Alamein: The British empire's last hurrah Victory at El Alamein was hailed as the greatest British military triumph since Waterloo. But, argues Niall Barr, it also brought the curtain down on the largest imperial project in history... "The battle did not resemble the swirling, moving fights of earlier desert battles but rather the grinding, attritional struggles of the First World War..."
"16.10.2016 15:30:00" Timeline Photos Have you visited Bethlehem? What would you recommend? (We may print comments)
"16.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com In search of the real Pocahontas Susan Castillo Street looks beyond the 'noble savage' of Disney fame to reveal a woman who played a critical role in the survival of England's Jamestown colony... "Pocahontas played a far more active role in the survival of England's Jamestown colony than she is often given credit for..."
"16.10.2016 13:30:03" historyextra.com What killed Tutankhamun? Ever since Howard Carter found his tomb 90 years ago, Egyptologists have been striving to establish how the iconic pharaoh met his end... Ahead of the first episode of 'Tutankhamun' on ITV tonight...
"16.10.2016 12:20:03" Timeline Photos Begin a 1-month subscription today & save 33% on single issue prices as well as getting instant access to the current issue for FREE! Download & open the free app today to find out more: http://bit.ly/2efcwIA
"16.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 1945: The race for Berlin During the opening months of 1945 the Allies were engaged in a bitter dash to seize German territory. Yet, says Antony Beevor, as US and Soviet forces advanced on the capital, Britain found itself increasingly sidelined... "Stalin sold the Americans the lie that he wasn't obsessed with taking Berlin first. It was the greatest April Fool in modern history…"
"16.10.2016 11:00:04" historyextra.com 10 medieval dates you need to know Don't know the battle of Bosworth from the battle of Bannockburn? Confused between Magna Carta and Domesday Book? We've got you covered... "The Black Death is estimated to have killed between a third and a half of the population – a devastating and unprecedented death rate..."
"16.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Which is the oldest parliamentary statute still in force? The term 'parliament' did not arise until November 1236, when Henry III first used it in official records to describe the council of noblemen who advised him. This parliamentary statute ensures that any court of law can demand that any person is brought before it...
"15.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Which century saw the most change? From the rise of the castle in the 11th century to the dropping of the atomic bomb in the 20th, Ian Mortimer considers when change was most profound... "The greatest changes of the last millennium have enormous importance for understanding our future, not just our past..."
"15.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Matilda, daughter of Henry I: A queen in a king's world Historian Helen Castor explores how Matilda, daughter of Henry I, came tantalisingly close to becoming England's first female 'king'. "England in the early 12th century had few hard-and-fast principles of government – after all, the kingdom had just experienced the greatest upheaval imaginable, the conquest of 1066…"
"15.10.2016 12:00:07" historyextra.com Q&A: What was the punishment of being 'burnt in the hand'? How was it administered and by whom was it carried out? This punishment was laid down in Tudor times for those who successfully pleaded Benefit of Clergy...
"15.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 12 facts about the Stuarts They immediately succeeded the Tudors, and reigned over some of the most monumentally changeable times in British history – civil war, rebellion, the beheading of a king, plague outbreaks, a disastrous fire and a successful foreign invasion. Yet the Fact 1: The Stuarts had a nasty habit of losing their heads...
"15.10.2016 10:00:02" historyextra.com A brief history of...home ownership in Britain As the proportion of owner-occupied homes in the UK continues to fall, Julian Humphrys looks at the history of home ownership in Britain... "Mass home ownership is a relatively recent trend. In 1918 less than a quarter of Britain's homes were owner-occupied..."
"14.10.2016 15:30:07" historyextra.com History quiz – prizes, presidents and vanilla pods How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Whenever you enjoy a vanilla ice cream, you have Edmond Albius (1829–80) to thank. He devised a technique for successfully pollinating vanilla plants. Who was he?
"14.10.2016 14:30:05" historyextra.com The bloody aftermath of 1066 For all its bloodshed and political drama, 1066 was merely the beginning of the Conquest, and Hastings only its opening engagement. "The death toll of the Harrying of the North was comparable in magnitude to that of the dropping of the atomic bomb on Hiroshima in 1945"
"14.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com The 1016 Danish Conquest that led to the battle of Hastings The tumultuous events of 1066 would never have happened without the Danish Conquest of 1016, argues author Justin Hill. Everyone's heard of 1066 – but what about the other time England was conquered and had a foreign king sit on the throne?
"14.10.2016 12:00:05" historyextra.com Domesday Book: The most important document in English history? Why was it made? What does it say about the Normans' impact on England? And what more can we learn from it? Stephen Baxter considers the big questions about this pivotal work... "Faced with the prospect of political and military catastrophe, William the Conqueror unleashed a bureaucratic fact-finding exercise..."
"14.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com 10 places associated with the Norman Conquest English history might have been very different had Edward the Confessor's marriage to Edith produced an heir. But as it was the old king died childless in January 1066, leaving his successor to be decided by the sword. Edward's brother-in-law, Harold "If you were a betting man I think you would have put your money on Harold to beat William"...
"14.10.2016 10:00:15" historyextra.com Reassessing William the Conqueror It's time to move away from our old perceptions of William's life and the 1066 Conquest, argues historian David Bates. "Violence against non-combatants, including women and children, was an aspect of the political and military culture of the Middle Ages. Was what William did worse than the many other examples we know about?"
"13.10.2016 16:35:11" historyextra.com The Norman Conquest Marc Morris tells the story of William the Conqueror's dramatic victory of 1066 and explores its profound legacy for England. "I think it's worth reminding people that while *we* know that 1066 is the decisive date, people at the time didn't – they didn't know; the Norman Conquest might have been just a three-year blip"
"13.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The ultimate Normans guide To mark the 950th anniversary of William's great victory, a new BBC History Magazine collector's edition charts the history of the Normans, from their Viking origins to the reign of their last English monarch... There is still plenty of lively debate about the key moments and characters of the Norman age - even at a distance of 1,000 years, history rarely stands still...
"13.10.2016 14:30:45" historyextra.com Q&A: If the battle of Hastings had never taken place, would British history have been any different? The death of Harold and hundreds of other powerful men in 1066, as well as during the years of rebellion that followed, quickly led to the disinheritance of an entire ruling class. "The battle of Hastings changed everything..."
"13.10.2016 13:32:00" historyextra.com Hastings, Stamford Bridge and Gate Fulford: three battles that lost England Having taken – by fair means or foul – the crown, Harold Godwinson's first and only year as England's king was derailed in three momentous battles. Frank McLynn leads us through the events that brought the Anglo-Saxon era to a traumatic end. "Harold had lost many of his best housecarls and using the fyrd soldiers to guard the outlying approaches to the hilltop proved costly. Their indiscipline allowed the Normans to stage feigned retreats and pick off the English as they foolishly rushed from
"13.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Norman women: the power behind the thrones History tends to focus on kings, warriors and bishops – but a number of 11th-century women were hugely influential in war, state and church. Leonie Hicks introduces a quartet of powerful Norman women. "History records these women primarily because they married powerful men, but during their marriages these women themselves exercised power in various ways – primarily through patronage…"
"13.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Where history happened: Norman churches Historian and broadcaster Marc Morris looks at the influence of the Normans on the English church, and discusses eight related places... “'We wretches are destroying the work of the saints, thinking in our insolent pride that we are improving them,' wept Wulfstan of Worcester as the roof was ripped from his cathedral in 1084..."
"12.10.2016 14:31:19" historyextra.com 5 royal births that rocked a nation As Kate Williams demonstrates, the British royal family's quest to produce successors has been nothing if not eventful… "In January 1796, the future George IV wrote that his wife had been delivered of an 'immense girl' after 'a terrible hard labour'..."
"12.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 1066 – how the Viking diversion cost Harold his throne Friday sees the 950th anniversary of the most famous battle in English history, at Hastings. But two other battles were also fought in England in 1066, and they probably cost King Harold Godwinson his crown. In each of these the opponent was King Har "It was indisputably Hardrada and his Viking invaders, though soundly beaten by him, that in the end cost Harold his crown and his life"
"12.10.2016 12:15:00" historyextra.com Recipes from the Tudor kitchen From 'stew of the flesh' to 'baked orenges'; 'malaches of pork' to a 'dysschefull of snowe', Tudor cooks certainly had a weird and wonderful selection of recipes at their fingertips… It's Tudor week on tonight's Great British Bake Off!
"12.10.2016 11:15:00" historyextra.com In search of the Normans: who were they? David Bates considers who the famously conquering Normans really were, more than 1,100 years on from the foundation of the duchy of Normandy... "How did the 'Vikings' of 911 become the 'Normans' of the 11th century?"
"12.10.2016 10:16:58" historyextra.com Q&A: Who was Eadnoth the Staller? Eadnoth the Staller was one of England's most significant quislings: an Anglo-Saxon official and landowner who nonetheless took up service with the new Norman regime, after 1066. Eadnoth occupied a prominent role at the court of Edward the Confessor...
"11.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 of Britain's best battlefields From the Isles of Scilly to the Scottish Highlands, Britain is dotted with hundreds of battlefields. Julian Humphrys of the Battlefields Trust picks eight of the best to visit... "The English were worn down by a combination of shock action and archery at Hastings. The English line broke and Harold was hacked to death..."
"11.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 10 surprising facts about William the Conqueror and the Norman Conquest The first Norman king of England, William the Conqueror changed the course of England's history when he invaded in 1066. Here, ahead of the 950th anniversary of the battle of Hastings on 14 October, historian Marc Morris shares 10 lesser-known facts Forget the conspiracy theories – the battle of Hastings was indeed fought at Battle, near Hastings, says Marc Morris…
"11.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Castles of the Conqueror When William the Conqueror invaded England he introduced a startling new military tactic. Marc Morris explains why the castle was the key to the Norman conquest... "From having almost no castles before 1066, the country was quickly crowded with them. According to one estimate, between 500 and 1,000 had been constructed by the end of the 11th century…"
"11.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The Norman conquest Professor David Bates and Spencer Mizen visit Norwich Castle to discover how the people of England adapted to life under their new masters... "To say that William's conquest of England was a traumatic event in the country's history is an understatement of huge proportions..."
"11.10.2016 10:42:04" Timeline Photos Have you visited Barcelona? What would you recommend to travellers? (We may print comments)
"11.10.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The Anglo-Saxon who (almost) united Britain Nick Higham introduces a true heavyweight of early English history. In AD 675, the Northumbrian ruler Ecgfrith was so powerful that he effectively made himself 'high-king' of Britain...
"10.10.2016 16:30:01" historyextra.com 7 of England's best medieval buildings From Gothic cathedrals to defensive fortresses, England boasts a multitude of remarkable medieval buildings. Here we round up seven of our favourites… "Built by William the Conqueror to secure his hold on London, the imposing White Tower at the heart of the Tower of London complex was designed to awe and subdue the local population"
"10.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Where history happened: Stephen and Matilda This little-known power struggle between competing claimants to the throne had consequences that reverberated through history. We visit eight places associated with the dispute... "In the years after the Norman Conquest there were no set laws to decide who should replace a deceased monarch"
"10.10.2016 14:30:01" careers-immediatemedia.icims.com Careers | Immediate Media Co Want to work for us? We're looking for a talented and experienced Digital Editor for a maternity cover post
"10.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Setting the scene for the Norman conquest In the summer of 1013, the Danish king Svein, accompanied by his son Cnut, launched an invasion of England – the first of the two successful conquests England would witness in the 11th century, but by far the less well known. It is often forgotten that the Norman conquest was preceded by another invasion of England some 50 years earlier – that led by Cnut in 1015–16…
"10.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Normans: a timeline Marc Morris traces the story of the Normans from Viking settlement in northern France to the loss of Normandy by King John. To kick off our Normans Week…
"10.10.2016 11:25:05" BBC History Magazine
"10.10.2016 11:21:00" BBC History Magazine's cover photo
"10.10.2016 10:45:00" Do you have a burning historical question? Email it to firstname.lastname@example.org and we may publish it in the magazine
"09.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com The man who tried to assassinate Queen Victoria On 10 June 1840, unemployed Londoner Edward Oxford tried to shoot dead the pregnant Queen Victoria as she rode in an open carriage with her husband on Constitution Hill... "Oxford stepped from the shadows and fired both his pistols in rapid succession. It was not immediately clear if Victoria had been hit..."
"09.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com How the Wild West was spun The Wild West was a bountiful paradise tamed by swaggering patriots who did their talking at the point of a gun. That, at least, is the Hollywood version of events... Ahead of 'Wild West: America's Great Frontier' on BBC Two tonight...
"09.10.2016 12:30:00" historyextra.com Georgian Britain: sex in high places Susan Law reveals how a series of sordid scandals involving some of the most powerful men in Georgian Britain led many people to question whether the nobility was fit to rule... "Lurid tales of infidelity among the Georgian nobility continued to draw extensive coverage in print..."
"09.10.2016 11:30:01" historyextra.com History Explorer: The Restoration Dr Ronald Hutton and Daniel Cossins visit Banqueting House in London to explore the overthrow of the British Commonwealth and Charles II's perilous path to the throne in 1660... “The public was tired of years of political insecurity, crushing over-taxation and military rule. They imagined that, whatever the king stood for, he was bound to be better than that...”
"08.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon age in Britain was one of the most mysterious and fascinating in history... "The people we call Anglo-Saxons were actually immigrants from northern Germany and southern Scandinavia..."
"08.10.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Anglo-Saxons The Anglo-Saxon age in Britain was one of the most mysterious and fascinating in history... "The people we call Anglo-Saxons were actually immigrants from northern Germany and southern Scandinavia..."
"08.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com 5 things you didn't know about the secret spying arm of the Post Office Formed around 1653, the 'Secret Office' operated within the shadows of the General Post Office (GPO) as a covert state spying institution... "Secrecy was at the heart of these operations. If foreign governments realised their mail was being read, they could instead send it by special messenger, denying Britain access to valuable intelligence..."
"08.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Gothic wonder: 5 spectacular buildings of medieval England The early medieval period was one of the greatest for English art and architecture... "The 14th-century masons used a type of stone cage-work to cover up the old dumpy Norman building underneath – a sort of Gothic botox..."
"08.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com "More blood! Much more blood!" Lucy Worsley on Britons' fascination with murder Lucy Worsley selects a series of objects that testify to Britons' fascination with this most grisly of crimes – from the Regency to the Second World War... "A new obsession with murder came to dominate the entertainment industry in the 19th century. It's an obsession that remains with us to this day, when detectives and dead bodies dominate TV schedules..."
"07.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 great misconceptions of the Civil War It was an accidental war. It was fought by gentlemen. Cromwell was the key to victory... Our experts explore 10 myths of the seismic 17th-century conflict... "At least one in 10 – perhaps as many as one in five – men in England and Wales fought in the Civil War. The loss of life, in proportion to the national population, was greater than in the First World War..."
"07.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Debate: Is British history too fixated with the story of the world wars? We asked historians Dr Nick Lloyd and Dr Tracy Borman to give their opinions on the idea that we in Britain are too fixated with the story of the world wars… "Until recent times, the world wars dominated the national curriculum – so much so that children could have been forgiven for believing that little else happened between the end of the Tudor era and modern times..."
"07.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The search for Henry I: what you need to know Last month it was announced that a grave possibly belonging to the medieval king Henry I may have been located underneath a car park in Reading "If we uncover the high altar we will then be able to extrapolate the likely location of Henry I's grave"
"07.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Nazi super-cows and defamed Gods: 7 strange and forgotten moments in history History is full of weird and wonderful happenings. But, argues Jem Duducu, often the most intriguing tales are forgotten and fall away into obscurity... "Heck cows were specially bred to simulate what – according to Nazi theories – a 'racially pure' cow would have looked like…"
"06.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Lenin and the Russian revolutions Catherine Merridale recounts the future Soviet leader's famous 1917 journey to Petrograd, while Helen Rappaport details the fate of foreign national caught up in that year's upheavals... "To their horror, this glorious revolution was turning into a hideous, brutal, dictatorial despotism..."
"06.10.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 8 Viking myths busted How violent were the Vikings really, and did they actually wear horned helmets? Janina Ramirez unpicks eight myths about them… "Let's get this out of the way straight off: there is no evidence that the Vikings wore horned helmets. Nothing like this has ever been discovered in any archaeological dig..."
"06.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Where history happened: the Tudor navy Charlotte Hodgman speaks to David Loades about the rise of the Tudor navy, and takes a look at eight related places... "Naval warfare underwent major changes during the 16th century, and the advent of heavy artillery made a huge difference to combat at sea..."
"06.10.2016 11:30:00" historyextra.com In profile: Marie Antoinette Here, we look at the life and downfall of the famous French queen... "Marie and her ladies-in-waiting would dress up as shepherdesses and pretend to be peasants, walking around the farm and milking the cows and sheep..."
"06.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: When was the first wheelchair introduced? Perhaps in ancient China, though you'll find examples of disabled individuals being moved around on wheeled furniture in almost any place and era... "John Joseph Merlin (1735–1803) created one prototype, though he was more famous for designing roller-skates he demonstrated by skating into a party, and smashing into a mirror..."
"05.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com The face of Cleopatra: was she really so beautiful? She was described by the Roman historian Cassius Dio as “a woman of surpassing beauty”, and is portrayed by Hollywood as a glamorous seductress. But was Cleopatra really the famous beauty she is often depicted as? Professor Kevin Butcher investigates That Cleopatra was no beauty queen is hardly a revelation…
"05.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Gladiators in Ancient Rome: how did they live and die? Hollywood likes to cast them as heroic freedom fighters, but what was life really like for Rome's arena-warriors? "This was not a free-for-all, but a fight that had to be carried out within a framework of rules and rituals..."
"05.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: A delicate chewit Ahead of tonight's episode of 'The Great British Bake Off', we recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "A chewit is a 16th-century pie that mixes sweet and savoury flavours. Tudor recipes often refer to 'coffins' – robust pastry designed more to contain filling than to be eaten…"
"05.10.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Alfred the Great: do we overplay his 'greatness'? Alex Burghart asks if we're guilty of overplaying Alfred's greatness... Did the Anglo-Saxon icon owe his success to serendipity?
"05.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com What sort of relationship did Mary Tudor have with Thomas Cromwell? I would have assumed that they would have hated each other, being on opposite sides of the religious divide, but every time I read a book about either of them the relationship seems closer. I believe On this day in 1518 the two-year-old Mary Tudor was formally betrothed to Francois, Dauphin of France, who was also only two at the time
"05.10.2016 10:36:33" bbc.co.uk Be Cleopatra not a Kardashian, girls advised - BBC News Young women should model themselves on Shakespeare's heroines instead of reality stars like Kim Kardashian West, says top head teacher. Who do you think is history's greatest heroine and why? (We may print comments)
"04.10.2016 14:30:43" historyextra.com Kings and Queens in profile: Jane Seymour Elizabeth Norton tells you everything you need to know about Jane Seymour, queen of England from 1536 to 1537 as the third wife of Henry VIII... "When Henry sent Jane a letter and a purse of gold, she refused them, declaring that she had 'no greater riches than her honour, which she would not injure for a thousand deaths'..."
"04.10.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Sexy shoes: 5 things our footwear has said about us through history Shoes have, through history, revealed much about the wearer – from their social status to their sexual appetite… "France's flamboyant Louis XIV started several fashion trends, including the high red heel, which elevated the short monarch above the masses and alerted onlookers to his high status…"
"04.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com 10 famous people in history and their bizarre pets We 21st-century types are dedicated pet-lovers – the UK pet industry alone is worth an estimated £4bn – but we shouldn't think this is a recent obsession. The bond between human and animal has often been a close one, and some of history's most famous On World Animal Day…
"04.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The great British civil rights scandal: the 1963 Bristol bus boycott As Martin Luther King pursued his dream in America, a campaign for racial equality was making waves across the Atlantic... “If you were a young black person living in Britain, you couldn't be a policeman, an ambulanceman or fireman. You couldn't go into pubs, hotels, swimming pools, and now you couldn't drive on the buses..."
"04.10.2016 10:05:00" historyextra.com Great Misconceptions: There is a Nobel Prize for economics In 1888 a French newspaper prematurely published Nobel's obituary, claiming that the inventor of dynamite “became rich by finding ways to kill more people faster than ever before” Historically Alfred Nobel never instituted a prize in economics...
"03.10.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com History explorer: Blenheim Palace and Capability Brown Nige Tassell and Dr Sarah Rutherford visit Blenheim Palace to reflect on the great landscape architect... Ahead of 'Capability Brown's Unfinished Garden' on BBC Four tonight...
"03.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Shakespeare: 7 burning questions about his life Here, Paul Edmondson asks some of the most pressing questions about Shakespeare's life... Did Shakespeare grow tired of his wife? Why was he so wealthy? And which portraits of him can we trust?
"03.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Q&A: What was the punishment of being 'burnt in the hand'? How was it administered and by whom was it carried out? "This punishment was laid down in Tudor times for those who pleaded Benefit of Clergy, whereby members of the church found guilty of felonies were spared the death sentence..."
"03.10.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com A murder of crows: 10 collective nouns you didn't realise originate from the Middle Ages From a 'pride of lions' to a 'misbelief of painters', many of the terms we use every day have roots in the medieval period... "Collective nouns are one of the most charming oddities of the English language. But have you ever stopped to wonder where these peculiar terms actually came from?"
"02.10.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The history of Ireland: 11 milestone moments From the arrival of Christianity to the Good Friday Agreement, Neil Hegarty selects 11 key events in the history of Ireland... "In September 1845, as the first potatoes were being lifted in fields across Ireland, word began to spread of a disease affecting the new crop..."
"02.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Queen Victoria's children Queen Victoria and her consort Prince Albert were passionate lovers with a mutual physical attraction but with seemingly no understanding of family planning. The result was nine children: four boys and five girls born between 1840 and 1857. What was Queen Victoria like as a mother?
"02.10.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com The legacy of the First World War and Gandhi's early years David Reynolds explains how the First World War shaped the 20th century, while Ramachandra Guha considers Mahatma Gandhi's formative years... Gandhi was born on this day in 1869...
"02.10.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Inside the mind of Richard III What made England's most controversial king tick? Was he vain, voluble, a spendthrift? And did he love his wife? Chris Skidmore reveals all... Richard III was born on this day in 1452
"01.10.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Dancing through history Lucy Worsley explores how five influential dances made their marks on British society – from the 'depravity' of the German waltz to the swagger of the Lambeth Walk... "The minuet, the most important dance in 18th-century Britain, began life at the French court at Versailles in the 1670s, during the reign of the dance-mad King Louis XIV"
"01.10.2016 14:31:45" historyextra.com Top 11 monarchs in British history Andrew Gimson selects his top 11 monarchs in English – and then British – history since 1066... "Elizabeth had amorous friendships, but never married. She employed outstanding ministers, but never allowed herself to be dominated. She is, in my view, England's greatest monarch..."
"01.10.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com A brief history of witches by Suzannah Lipscomb Between 1482 and 1782, thousands of people across Europe were accused of witchcraft and subsequently executed. But why were so many innocent people suspected? "One in five 'witches' across Europe were male, and in some places, males predominated – in Moscow, male 'witches' outnumbered women 7:3..."
"01.10.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Mary I: a highly impressive queen cut off in her prime 'Bloody Mary' Tudor was long branded a religious bigot and a military failure. Yet as Anna Whitelock explains, the first woman to wear the crown of England was a political pioneer who redefined the monarchy. Mary I's coronation took place on this day in 1553
"30.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History quiz – songs, space stations and capital cities How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Who, when asked what their favourite songs were, is supposed to have replied: “I only know two tunes. One is 'Yankee Doodle' and the other one isn't”?
"30.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Joan of Kent: a perfect princess? An English noblewoman with a controversial marital history, Joan of Kent (1328–85) was an unconventional bride for a future king of medieval England... "Marriage to Joan would not bring any political or diplomatic advantage to the Black Prince. In addition, Joan was a widow with four children..."
"30.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Peasants' Revolt: did Richard II side with the rebels? Juliet Barker explains how the 1381 Peasants' Revolt may have found an unlikely champion – the boy-king himself. Richard II abdicated on this day in 1399
"30.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: What was written on Neville Chamberlain's piece of paper? I've seen the footage of Neville Chamberlain stepping off a plane waving a bit of paper many times. But what was actually written on the paper and does it still exist? Chamberlain arrived at Heston aerodrome in the autumn of 1938 brandishing his "piece of paper" and proclaiming "peace for our time". The deeper story of that document is an intriguing one…
"30.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Winchester and York History Weekends: 5 minutes with George Goodwin In 1757, Benjamin Franklin came to Britain as a world-renowned scientist with access to kings and prime ministers… "Benjamin Franklin wanted a British empire of North America. That is until he was forced to flee London in 1775. Only then did he go on to become one of America's greatest patriots..."
"29.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com Historical television and the battle of Flodden Tony Robinson discusses his new autobiography and the impact of shows such as Time Team and Blackadder. Meanwhile, Dr Katie Stevenson explores the 1513 battle of Flodden and its consequences for Scotland "It's not just that the king dies, it's that there are such a significant number of men involved in his campaign who died – that's not expected; the sheer loss and large-scale loss of life"
"29.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Who were the Celts? Historians have been puzzling over this most enigmatic of ancient peoples for centuries, but are we any closer to establishing their origins? Barry Cunliffe investigates... "Much of our popular picture of the Celts – hairy, naked savages rushing blindly into battle – comes from very biased sources..."
"29.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com The Maya and the apocalypse A global poll conducted by Ipsos in 2012 found that 10 per cent of people believed that the world was very shortly about to come to an end. The source of this global fear is a rather curious one: the ancient Maya. According to many experts the Maya's The ancient Maya foretold the end of the world on 21 December 2012. Or did they?
"29.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com The British generals whose infighting lost the battle of the Somme Strained relations between General Sir Douglas Haig, commander-in-chief of the British Expeditionary Force (BEF), and Sir Henry Rawlinson, the commander of the British 4th Army, are largely to blame for the failure of the battle of the Somme, says hi Did Rawlinson realise that Haig's plan unnecessarily put the lives of his men at risk, yet refuse to challenge it because of the gentleman's code of honour?
"29.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Nelson: 10 days that created a legend The iconic naval victories of Admiral Lord Nelson (1758-1805) made him a British hero. Quintin Colville and James Davey pick out the moments in Nelson's life that propelled him to greatness... Lord Nelson was born on this day in 1758
"29.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Were the martial songs in Nazi newsreels typical of the period? Military marches have been a staple of martial music for years, of course, providing a steady rhythm to which soldiers can march... In time every branch of the German military and almost every theatre of the war had its own theme tune...
"29.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com 10 astronomers you've (probably) never heard of When it comes to astronomy, we think of names such as Nicolaus Copernicus, Galileo and Sir Isaac Newton. But a group of amateur scientists helped pave the way for their discoveries... "The astronomy of antiquity was nothing if not practical: telling the time of day, finding one's geographic location, establishing a calendar, and predicting the future..."
"28.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Q&A: Did King John ever display goodness? Part of the problem in answering this question lies in the fact that the popular stereotypes of John's malicious character are close to the truth. Thus, unsurprisingly, medieval chroniclers struggle to praise – or even find – John's occasional qualit Was King John really as bad as the popular stereotypes suggest?
"28.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 7 surprising Ancient Rome facts Our fascination with Ancient Rome has inspired a glut of books, documentaries, movies and even games. But, writer Jem Duducu points out, our focus tends primarily to centre on just one period... "Rome wasn't the capital of the late Roman empire. By AD 402 the terrible emperor Honorius felt Rome was no longer defensible and decided to move the capital to Ravenna..."
"28.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Finding HMS Terror Abandoned in April 1848 after the expedition party encountered heavy ice in the Arctic's Northwest Passage, the exact fate of those onboard HMS Terror – none of whom survived – has long been a mystery. The long-lost ship of Arctic explorer Sir John Franklin, HMS Terror, has been discovered. What is the significance?
"28.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Britain's Lost Masterpieces: behind the scenes with Dr Bendor Grosvenor Ahead of a new series on BBC Four, art historian and dealer Dr Bendor Grosvenor tells us about trawling through a vast catalogue of the nation's pictures to uncover hidden treasures… "I found an dirty, unframed van Dyck painting. The sitter had one of her eyes badly restored, which made her look like she had a bit of a squint..."
"28.09.2016 11:02:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Marlborough pie As 'The Great British Bake Off' continues, we recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "English chef Robert May created this apple custard pie for his 1660 book 'The Accomplisht Cook'. In the 17th century, English settlers took the recipe with them to the New World colonies..."
"28.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 8 ways railway travel changed everything for Britain James Attlee reveals how rail travel has transformed Britain's relationship with the rest of the world... "Working-class travellers were reduced to the status of things rather than people; forced to ride in open freight cars pulled by much slower trains"
"27.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Victorian phrenology: “To find a good wife, you have to ascertain she has a good head” Many Victorians believed that the key to finding the ideal spouse, and reforming the criminal mind, lay in the shape of their skulls... “A protruding forehead – where the 'perceptive' organs resided – could indicate impressive intellect, whereas a bump on the crown signalled a strong sense of morality…”
"27.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Churchill's military track record examined Winston Churchill, Britain's iconic wartime prime minister, is inextricably linked with the victorious British Army of 1939 to 1945. Yet, argues Stephen Bull in his new book, hindsight, propaganda and the imperative of the defeat of Hitler and Imperi "Churchill was also heavily implicated in some of the worst episodes to befall the British Army during the Second World War"
"27.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com 10 ways to start a revolution Justin Pollard offers the would-be revolutionaries among you some light-hearted advice on how to lead an uprising... “Having found them guilty, the Protestants hurled the governors from the window of the Bohemian Chancellery. Luckily for them they landed in a pile of manure and weren't hurt…”
"27.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Horrible Histories author reveals 10 ways to die in Elizabethan England The danger, violence and misery experienced in Elizabethan England is charted in a new book by Horrible Histories creator, Terry Deary... "The executioner picked the head up by the hair without realising Mary, Queen of Scots wore a wig. It bounced across the scaffold..."
"27.09.2016 11:25:01" Timeline Photos Save up to 61%: Receive the previous years' worth of issues for FREE when you subscribe annually today on your iPhone or iPad - that's 26 issues for the price of 13! Download & open the free app here to find out more: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"27.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The fight for women's suffrage Professor June Purvis and Charlotte Hodgman visit the Pankhurst Centre in Manchester to discover more about the remarkable women who risked life and limb for the right to vote... Suffragette Sylvia Pankhurst died on this day in 1960
"27.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com Who was Nellie Bly? Born in Pennsylvania in 1864, Elizabeth Jane Cochrane took the pen-name of Nellie Bly from the title character in a popular song when she began to write for the newspapers. In her heyday, Nellie Bly was possibly the most famous woman in America, but she has been largely forgotten...
"27.09.2016 09:00:00" Do you know of any exciting historical events or exhibitions taking place near you? Let us know!
"26.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com The scandal of female miners in 19th-century Britain Readers of The Times awoke one morning in May 1842 to disturbing reports of trousered women and girls working underground in mines... "Images of topless women and girls working down mines caused a furore when they appeared in the British press over 170 years ago..."
"26.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History's big numbers We've asked eight historians to share some surprising statistics from their fields of expertise – from the Roman empire to the Second World War… 1,138 London children were recorded as dying of "teeth" in 1685…
"26.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com 10 historical figures you've (probably) never heard of Earlier this year we asked you to vote for the historical figures you've been talking about, in our History Hot 100 poll. After being tallied, examined and analysed, the results are in. While the list is dominated by well-known names, some more unusu Who was Queen Victoria's cousin Princess Charlotte and what happened to her?
"26.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Rome in crisis After 250 years of stability, the third century AD saw the Roman empire descend into an era of chaos – and, says Harry Sidebottom, its rulers only had themselves to blame... "Valerian became the first emperor to be taken alive by an external foe. It was claimed his Persian captor, Shapur, had Valerian's skin stuffed, and hung in the chamber where Roman ambassadors were received..."
"26.09.2016 12:06:38" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Sir Francis Drake He is remembered for being one of the most famous seamen of the 16th century and for becoming the first Englishman to circumnavigate the world. On this day in 1580, Drake and his men returned to Plymouth, England, after successfully circumnavigating the globe
"26.09.2016 11:12:18" theguardian.com Anger as Churchill's home turned into Hitler HQ for Transformers 5 The conversion of Churchill's former home into the swastika-draped HQ of Adolf Hitler for a Transformers movie has been denounced by veterans… "War veterans are horrified that Blenheim Palace has been draped in swastika flags for Michael Bay's latest film..."
"25.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Ancient Greek democracy: as similar to ours as we think? Ancient Greece's most famous export to this day is arguably democracy. America, alongside many nations, recently celebrated the 2500th 'anniversary' of the invention of democracy in "We should not be too complacent as to think that we are more 'democratic' now..."
"25.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Friends, family and rivals: Queen Victoria and the European empires From the tsars of Russia to the kaisers of Germany, Queen Victoria met some of Europe's most notable figures during her reign... After a fierce quarrel, Victoria described her grandson, Germany's Kaiser Wilhelm II, as "a hot-headed, conceited and wrongheaded young man, devoid of all feeling"...
"25.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com 8 key Viking dates you need to know From bloody battles and brutal raids to epic seafaring adventures, we bring you 8 dates from Viking history you need to know… The battle of Stamford Bridge took place on this day in 1066…
"25.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The quest for the Loch Ness Monster Their critics told them 'to give up eels and turn to God'. Yet, from the 1930s, that didn't stop a number of world-renowned scientists embarking on a hunt for Nessie... "The monster was widely believed to be a descendant of the plesiosaurs, marine reptiles that – according to conventional wisdom – had died out with the dinosaurs 65 million years ago..."
"24.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Wales in the Civil War: the last refuge of monarchy In the 1640s, Britain tore itself apart in �a series of civil wars. The role of largely royalist Wales in these conflicts is often understated, argues Lloyd Bowen... This article was first published "The breakdown in relations between King Charles I and his parliament was as pressing an issue in Wales as it was in England"
"24.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com What are the origins of the word 'shoddy'? 'Shoddy' was cloth made from recycled wool, first manufactured in Batley, West Yorkshire, in 1813... "During the American Civil War there were stories of soldiers' 'shoddy' clothing falling to pieces after just a few days' wear, or even in heavy rain..."
"24.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Smuggling's heyday in Bristol and beyond Dr Evan Jones visits Bristol to explore the city's thriving trade in illicit goods during the 16th century and reveals a very different type of smuggler to the 19th-century stereo "Popular perceptions of smuggling conjure up images of rowing boats pulling into dark coves at night, but the illegal trading of goods was, in fact, a relatively open business during the Tudor period"
"24.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The fear factor: gothic novels Angela Wright reveals how five Gothic novels – dark tales of violence, tyranny and supernatural revenge – reflected the anxieties of the age in which they were written... This article was Horace Walpole, author of the first Gothic novel – The Castle of Otranto (1764) – was born on this day in 1717
"24.09.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Britain's 7 most amazing stately homes Britain's stately homes are as diverse as they are impressive. With their soaring ceilings, landscaped gardens, and secret corridors, there is plenty to explore in these impressive buildings. He Elizabeth I ordered for Mary, Queen of Scots to be imprisoned at Chatsworth after she abdicated and fled from Scotland to England in 1567...
"23.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – bootleggers, books and British astronomers How will you fare in this week's history quiz? "Born in 1902, I emigrated to the US as a boy. I was a bootlegger in the prohibition era and went on to control an organised crime empire based on gambling, with outlets in Cuba, London and the US. I died in 1983. Who am I?"
"23.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com Accidental explosions: gunpowder in Tudor and Stuart London The risk of accidental explosions was ever-present in Tudor and Stuart London, argues Stephen Porter... “A moment of carelessness could have deadly consequences. It was described as 'an unmerciful thing if any chimney… should take fire and sparkes fly, or a flint stone strike fire'…"
"23.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com The bloody rise of Augustus Adrian Goldsworthy reveals how Julius Caesar's teenage heir slaughtered his way to power... Roman emperor Augustus was born on this day in 63 BC...
"23.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com How to survive in the Georgian court Lucy Worsley dons her best jewels and high-heeled shoes to give us a guide to etiquette in the snake pit that was the Georgian royal court... "Gentlemen should wear a wig and carry a flat, unwearable version of a hat. Because you have to bare your head in front of the king, no one wears real hats at court..."
"22.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Women in politics and Robinson Crusoe Julie V Gottlieb charts the progression from the Suffragettes to Theresa May and Hillary Clinton, while Andrew Lambert tells the story of a Pacific island connected to the famous Daniel Defoe novel “There was a point in the 1930s when women had really taken over the organisation and social life of the Conservative party…”
"22.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Ancient Rome – 6 burning questions Dr Miles Russell answers those burning questions about Ancient Rome you were too afraid to ask... "Not all gladiators were slaves or convicts. Some were citizens down on their luck (or heavily in debt) while others, like the emperor Commodus, simply did it for 'fun'..."
"22.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Winchester History Weekend: 5 minutes with Michael Scott At our Winchester History Weekend this October, Michael Scott will examine ancient global history, focusing around three key moments in which politics, warfare and religion helped forge a connected ancient world… "I went to Greece on a school trip and had my 17th birthday at the ancient site of Olympia. Seeing the ancient world before my eyes just brought it all alive for me..."
"22.09.2016 12:00:02" historyextra.com Anne of Cleves: Henry VIII's most successful queen For centuries, Anne of Cleves has been cast as a hapless figure who so repelled Henry VIII that he was unable to consummate their marriage. Yet in truth she was a popular, pragmatic woman who fou Anne of Cleves was born on this day in 1515
"22.09.2016 11:25:01" Timeline Photos For just £37.99, enjoy the last 13 back issues plus the next 13 issues published when you start an annual subscription in-app today. That's a massive a saving of 61%! Ends 30th September '16. Open the iOS app now to find out more: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"22.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com History explorer: The fight for women's suffrage Professor June Purvis and Charlotte Hodgman visit the Pankhurst Centre in Manchester to discover more about the remarkable women who risked life and limb for the right to vote... Suffragette Christabel Pankhurst was born on this day in 1880...
"21.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Historical recipe corner: Homity pie It's pastry week on tonight's Great British Bake Off. Here, we take a step back in time and recreate a delightful historical pastry-based recipe for you to try at home... "Homity pie was popular with land girls during the Second World War. The original recipe would have used rationed foods like cheese, eggs and butter frugally..."
"21.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Alfred remains the greatest "His bones may prove elusive but Alfred remains the greatest", according to Michael Wood. "Alfred was not only the greatest Briton, but also one of the greatest rulers of any time and place", says Michael Wood...
"21.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Napoleon's great cultural charade Many of his contemporaries suspected that he harboured no genuine love for the arts. So why was Napoleon so desperate to project himself as a connoisseur of culture? Alan Forrest investigates... "Napoleon had a rare flair for publicity and propaganda, employing some of the finest journalists to spread news of his successes and construct his image as a brilliant strategist..."
"21.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Did women revolt in Europe? Were there any movements similar to the suffragettes throughout Europe at the same time? "No other European country witnessed anything like the campaign of arson waged by the Women's Social and Political Union..."
"21.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Was Edward II really murdered? In 2005, the bestselling historian Ian Mortimer caused a storm when he argued that Edward II had not been assassinated at Berkeley Castle in 1327 – received opinion for almost 700 years – and was still alive in 1330. His theory has attracted numerous Edward II was murdered on this day in 1327. Or was he…?
"20.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 9 weird medieval medicines Just as we do today, people in the medieval period worried about their health and what they might do to ward off sickness, or alleviate symptoms if they did fall ill. Here, historian Toni Mount reveals some of the most unusual remedies commonly used… "For him that has quinsy – a severe throat infection: Take a fat cat and flay it well, clean and draw out the guts. Take the grease of a hedgehog and the fat of a bear and resins and fenugreek and sage and gum of honeysuckle and virgin wax"
"20.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Nelson: the unhappy admiral Nelson wrote that he had "never known happiness beyond moments", but John Sugden challenges those who claim that he wanted to die at Trafalgar... “The Nelsons were relatively poor. Naval successes earned Nelson a coat-of-arms and a peerage, but these merely elevated him into a social position he had no means of supporting…”
"20.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Where did the monks go after the dissolution of the monasteries? Henry VIII's dissolution of the monasteries in England created the issue of what to do with those being 'expelled' from their homes... "Some members of religious orders chose exile; others offered resistance to the changes..."
"20.09.2016 11:35:00" Timeline Photos Victoria and Albert, Poldark and Demelza… who do you think is the best couple in history and why? (We may print comments)
"20.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about the Black Death It is one of the worst catastrophes in recorded history – a deadly plague that ravaged communities across Europe, changing forever their social and economic fabric. But how much do you know about the Black Death? Textbooks and serious monographs on the Black Death go on about rats and fleas without qualification. But what is the evidence?
"20.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 10 tips for surviving on the home front during the Second World War During the Second World War millions of men bid farewell to their families in order to fight for their country. But how did those left behind cope? "Waste was criminal during the Second World War – sometimes literally. In 1942 it became illegal to throw away or burn paper..."
"19.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Drowning in Tudor England: why was water so dangerous? Coroner's reports reveal that as many as half of all accidental deaths in the 16th century were drownings. Steven Gunn and Tomasz Gromelski reveal why water was such a prolific killer... "Rickety bridges, slippery banks and panicky horses all posed threats..."
"19.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com A brief history of music festivals Julian Humphrys looks at some music festivals, past and present... The first Glastonbury Festival was held on this day in 1970, the day after Jimi Hendrix died
"19.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Game of Thrones season six: the real-life medieval history Carolyne Larrington reveals some of the real-life history that underlies the extraordinary cultures and characters that make Game of Thrones such compelling viewing... Following the news that Game of Thrones has broken the record for the highest number of Emmy Awards won by any fictional series…
"19.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The battle of Poitiers and WWII strategy The battle of Poitiers was fought on this day in 1356...
"19.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The shot that sparked the First World War We shouldn't underestimate the killing of Franz Ferdinand in 1914, argues Christopher Clark. This was the event that, above all others, propelled Europe towards disaster... "Strapped around the seven would-be assassins' waists were bombs no bigger than cakes of soap. In their pockets were loaded revolvers. Each carried a packet of cyanide powder..."
"18.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Life in Ancient Egypt: what was it like? Egypt's pharaohs have left an impressive legacy of architecture, inscriptions and religious art, allowing us to reconstruct their achievements with a fair degree of certainty... "An unmarried man was seen as incomplete, and schoolboys were advised to wed early and father as many children as possible..."
"18.09.2016 14:30:21" historyextra.com Top 10 historical Cornish words In spite of strong cultural influence from English, and outright force during the Reformation, the Cornish language has endured for centuries. Here, Dr Kate Wiles, a researcher of medieval scribes and manuscripts, explores the history of the Cornish For the Poldark fans among you...
"18.09.2016 13:30:02" historyextra.com Prince Albert: The death that rocked the monarchy When Prince Albert breathed his last at 10.50pm on the night of Saturday 14 December 1861 at Windsor, a telegraph message was sent within the hour to the lord mayor that the great bell of St Paul's Cathedral should toll out the news across London. Ev The demise of Queen Victoria's beloved husband, Prince Albert, dealt Britain's royal family a hammer blow from which it almost never recovered...
"18.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The Cold War in your living room Dominic Sandbrook shows how the tensions between east and west influenced several areas of British cultural life... "Although the Beatles were effectively prohibited in the Soviet Union, their music filtered through, with underground studios cutting bootleg tracks on old medical x-rays..."
"18.09.2016 11:00:02" historyextra.com 18 September AD 96 – Domitian is stabbed Dominic Sandbrook explores how disaffected aristocrats conspired to have the Roman emperor Domitian assassinated... An astrologer's prediction that Domitian's death, when it came, would be at midday, came true…
"17.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com 10 things you (probably) didn't know about Henry V and the battle of Agincourt He is one of England's most popular kings, famed for leading England to victory at the battle of Agincourt. Yet surprisingly little is known about Henry V... "At the battle of Shrewsbury, Henry had been shot in the face by an arrow that entered below his eye..."
"17.09.2016 14:30:24" historyextra.com How the 14th Amendment is under threat The Fourteenth Amendment is the keystone of the US Constitution and has shaped 150 years of American history. Without it the history of modern America, the very idea of an American citizen, makes no sense. Why, then, are some people in America seekin On this day in 1787, the final draft of the Constitution was signed. Why are some people in America seeking to have the 14th Amendment repealed?
"17.09.2016 13:33:00" historyextra.com Operation Barbarossa: 9 popular myths busted The German invasion of the Soviet Union was the largest military operation in history and signalled a crucial turning point in the Second World War... “German troops, who believed their enemy was on the verge of collapse, were psychologically unprepared for a violent onslaught by highly motivated Red Army soldiers…”
"17.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com The year when fear of Napoleon stalked the land As Britain's military fortunes ebbed and flowed in the run-up to Waterloo, the public mood routinely swung from joy to horror and back again. Jenny Uglow tells the story of the year when fear of Napoleon stalked the land... Napoleon's return from exile on Elba propelled many Britons into a state of blind panic...
"17.09.2016 11:00:01" Timeline Photos Get the last 13 back issues for FREE today on your iPhone or iPad when you start an annual subscription - that's 2 years' worth of issues for the price of 1! Ends 30th September '16. Find out more inside the app today here: http://bit.ly/2cUZxPP
"17.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com 10 dangers of the medieval period It was one of the most exciting, turbulent and transformative eras in history, but the Middle Ages were also fraught with danger... "As a result of the plague, life expectancy in late 14th-century Florence was under 20 years – half of what it had been in 1300..."
"17.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Truth or myth?: "The gunfight at the OK Corral was a major gun battle" The gunfight left Billy Clanton and Frank and Tom McLaury dead or dying, all of whom would later be buried in the Boothill Graveyard – the name given to US burial grounds for those who 'died with their boots on'. The 1881 gunfight has been immortalised in numerous novels and movies…
"16.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – petards, jazz, and female prime ministers How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Which well-known British historian also wrote a regular column on jazz for the 'New Statesman' under the pen-name Francis Newton?
"16.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com How King Henry I made and blew a fortune Judith Green reveals how a powerful medieval king raised enough money to splash out on God, wars, weddings and spices... Following the news that archaeologists have uncovered what could be the grave of Norman king Henry I in a car park in Reading…
"16.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Jujitsu suffragettes At the dawn of the 20th century, Edith Garrud was observing a political demonstration at the House of Commons when a police officer told her to move along. She demurely pretended to drop her handkerchief. “Excuse me, it's you who are making an obstru Suffragettes fought back against the violence directed at them by mastering an ancient Japanese martial art...
"16.09.2016 12:00:01" historyextra.com Your 60-second guide to the Crimean War A major European conflict of the 19th century, the Crimean War saw an alliance led by Britain and France challenge Russian expansion... Dr David Murphy brings you some need-to-know facts on why, when and where the Crimean War happened...
"16.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com How to send a letter in medieval England In the 15th century there was no official postal service, says Deborah Thorpe, so getting a letter from A to B involved a series of challenges... Some 15th-century writers gave instructions that their letters should be burnt after reading...
"16.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com The 'mutes' that attended Victorian funerals When did they first appear and when did their attendance die out? "Dickens savaged them as pointlessly, and often ruinously, expensive..."
"15.09.2016 17:30:00" historyextra.com York History Weekend: 5 minutes with Andrew Lownie Ahead of his talk, 'Stalin's Englishman: The Lives of Guy Burgess', we caught up with Andrew to find out more and to learn about his passion for history… At our York History Weekend this November, Andrew Lownie will offer a fresh perspective on Guy Burgess and the Cambridge Spy Ring...
"15.09.2016 16:36:10" historyextra.com Cold War summits David Reynolds and Kristina Spohr discuss the meetings between international leaders that aimed to control the nuclear arms race "Well, do you think this is the evil empire?"
"15.09.2016 15:30:01" historyextra.com Q&A: Are any laws made by the Nazi regime still in use? Are any laws created by the Nazi regime from 1933–45 still in use in Germany, or did the whole legal system start from scratch after 1945? "Some aspects of the current German legal code date back to the Nazi period and even beyond"
"15.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com Charles II: the king in danger One morning, King Charles II was out for a stroll in Hyde Park, accompanied just by a couple of courtiers. As he was walking along, his brother James, Duke of York, passed by in his carriage, accompanied by several armed guards. Titus Oates, who fabricated the imaginary "Popish plot" to assassinate Charles II, was born on this day in 1649
"15.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com The truth about Viking berserkers Symbolising uncontrollable rage and bloodlust, Viking berserkers were fierce warriors said to have fought in a trance-like fury. But did such people ever really exist? Here, Dr Kim Hjardar investigates "It is difficult for us today to imagine that such demons of war can have ever existed. But they did"
"15.09.2016 12:00:01" Timeline Photos Have you visited Belgium's coast? What would you recommend to travellers? (We may print comments)
"15.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com Days of Destiny: 5 key moments of the battle of Britain Kate Moore picks out five key moments from that fateful summer when a group of Allied pilots were engaged in desperate battles with their German foes, hoping to secure control of the skies and prevent a Nazi invasion of Britain. On this day in 1940, the tide turned in the Battle of Britain…
"15.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Life of the Week: Agatha Christie Almost four billion copies of her novels have been sold across the globe, making Agatha Christie one of the most popular writers in history... Crime novelist Agatha Christie was born on this day in 1890...
"14.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Sam's historical recipe corner: Semla buns With The Great British Bake Off back in full swing, we take a step back in time and recreate some historical recipes for you to try at home... "A semla is a cardamom-spiced sweet bread roll filled with almond paste and cream. In 1771, Swedish king Aldolph Frederick died after eating 14 semla (he had just eaten a huge dinner so maybe we can't blame it all on the buns)..."
"14.09.2016 14:30:00" historyextra.com The industrial revolution: an age of opportunity Emma Griffin explains how 19th-century working-class autobiographies could revise our understanding of the industrial revolution... "Working 13-hour days from the age of six or seven took a very serious toll on a child's health, development and wellbeing..."
"14.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com How did pasta come to Europe? Greek, Roman, Chinese, Indian and Jewish history, to take a few examples, record various foods which you could claim were antecedents of pasta... "Italian pasta-makers would sit and knead the dough with their feet..."
"14.09.2016 11:05:25" historyextra.com The top 10 military blunders in history Throughout history, battles have been lost to dire weather and bad luck. But what about those for which poor judgment and bad planning are to blame? Napoleon reached the city of Moscow on this day in 1812. By the time he left Russia, 380,000 of his men were dead; 100,000 were prisoners; and more than 50,000 were unfit for further service...
"14.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com 5 historical space travel facts From the moon landing to the first dog to orbit the earth, we bring you five historical space travel facts… The Soviet probe Luna 2 became the first spacecraft to reach the surface of the moon on this day in 1959...
"13.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com Bad sports? Puritan attempts to ban games in 17th-century England Alistair Dougall describes how Puritan attempts to ban games such as football, wrestling and bowling divided the people of England in the 17th century... “The 'Cotswold Olimpicks' was an annual event. Participants competed in sports that included wrestling, pike-throwing, leaping, running and hunting…”
"13.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com History on film: shell shock in the First World War Fiona Reid considers what newsreel footage tells us about reactions to shell shock during and after the First World War... "By 1916, military-medical elites accepted that psychological collapse was a genuine battle injury and that good men could succumb to it. Such men required treatment, not punishment..."
"13.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com Does it always pay to trust the cash in your pockets? Chris Bowlby takes a look at the history of money and the institutions that back it. How much do we trust the money we own, or the people who provide it?
"13.09.2016 12:01:03" historyextra.com In pictures: history's most remarkable banknotes To mark the introduction of the new polymer fiver, the Bank of England Museum has opened a new gallery tracing the changing face of the banknote... Today, 440 million new polymer banknotes featuring the face of Winston Churchill enter circulation in England...
"13.09.2016 10:59:51" historyextra.com 10 things you might not know about Roald Dahl To celebrate the centenary of his birth we bring you 10 surprising facts about the author… Roald Dahl was born on this day in 1916. Did you know the author was also a medical innovator and a Second World War spy?
"13.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com Bath's reincarnated heretics My mother says that when she lived in Bath in the 1960s, a few women living there were convinced that they were medieval Albigensians reincarnated. Can you tell us any more about this? "Mrs Smith, a housewife in her 30s, told her psychiatrist about terrible nightmares she had been suffering since her teens. He became convinced these dreams were of a past life as a peasant girl in medieval Toulouse"
"12.09.2016 17:00:01" historyextra.com What did the ancient Greeks do for us? To say that we owe a lot to the ancient Greeks is nothing new. Everywhere we look, we see echoes of that world in our own: democracy, philosophy, art, architecture, science, sport, to name but a few... “The ancient Greeks probably would not call our system much of a real democracy..."
"12.09.2016 16:00:00" historyextra.com The Anglo-Saxon cunning woman Women played a leading role in early English society – none more so than the Anglo-Saxon version of the modern female priest. Martin Carver reports... "Anglo-Saxon women played a leading role in the court, in the church and yes, on the battlefield too"...
"12.09.2016 15:04:33" historyextra.com My History Hero: David Cameron chooses Douglas Bader David Cameron nominates Second World War flying ace Sir Douglas Bader as his History Hero As former prime minister David Cameron announces he is to stand down as an MP…
"12.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Was Victorian life really so grim? Rosalind Crone reveals surprising truths about the experiences of the 19th-century urban poor... "By uncovering new evidence and taking a fresh look at old material, social historians have challenged the very grimmest portrayals of urban Victorian Britain…"
"12.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Playing the fool: Tudor jesters Researching the history of jesters, Anna Whitelock found that these courtly fools often had the ear of Tudor kings and queens... "At once entertainers and trusted intimates, licensed truth tellers and candid counsellors, jesters punctured the hypocrisy of court with their brazen, mocking honesty..."
"12.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The 7 best couples in history History is full of extraordinary twosomes – some are remembered for their long-lasting romances, while others are defined by their tragic downfalls. Here we round up seven of the most memorable couples in history, as voted for by History Extra reader JFK married Jacqueline Bouvier on this day in 1953. To the outside world their relationship looked nothing short of perfect, but some claim the couple were heading for divorce when the president was shot dead in November 1963…
"12.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com What happened to Katherine Parr's daughter after her mother's death? Following Katherine's death a matter of days after Mary's birth, the newborn's father, Thomas Seymour, placed Mary in the household of his brother, the Duke of Somerset... "There is a story that Mary survived, cared for by the Aglionbys (a northern family who had once been clients of the Parrs), and married a courtier in the service of Anne of Denmark, queen of James I"
"11.09.2016 14:30:10" historyextra.com What has been found since King Tut's coffin? Aidan Dodson explores the treasures that have been unearthed since Howard Carter located King Tut's golden coffin. At various stages during the 20th century archaeologists believed that the valley's treasures had all been found. They were wrong…
"11.09.2016 13:30:10" historyextra.com Queen Victoria timeline: 10 milestones in the monarch's life From a determined young princess to a dumpy widow dressed in black, Victoria witnessed huge change over the course of her six decades on the throne... "Victoria wrote that 'an ugly baby is a very nasty object – and the prettiest is frightful when undressed'. She compared being pregnant to feeling like a cow..."
"11.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Roman Britain under attack In AD 43, Aulus Plautius, general under the emperor Claudius, prepared to invade Britain. But, according to the second to third-century Roman historian, Cassius Dio, things nearly went badly wrong before they had even left the coast of Gaul. Despite the brutal suppression of British revolts against Roman rule, the empire's writers sought to portray rebels such as Boudica in a surprisingly positive light...
"11.09.2016 11:00:00" historyextra.com The hospital experience in medieval England In the Middle Ages there were broadly four types of hospital: for lepers; for poor (and sick) pilgrims; for the poor and infirm; and almshouses or bedehouses... "By the later Middles Ages many leper hospitals no longer housed any lepers at all, instead taking in the old and infirm..."
"11.09.2016 10:00:00" historyextra.com The reverend in the lion's den I recently found a postcard, which my grandfather received from his brother who was on holiday in Skegness. The postmark is very faint, but it might be 1937. The writer said he had “seen that de-frocked vicar in a cage of lions”. Someone later circle The famed Rector of Stiffkey got into hot water helping to save young women from prostitution...
"10.09.2016 14:30:29" historyextra.com 10 moments that decided the Waterloo campaign Biblical weather, incredible bravery, inspired acts of initiative and no-shows: Julian Humphrys looks at some of the key events that determined the course of the clash at Waterloo... "It's often said that Napoleon delayed starting the battle in order to allow the ground to dry out, but the chief cause of the delay was probably the need to allow his units to take up their allotted places"
"10.09.2016 13:30:01" historyextra.com How naughty was the past? The hidden depths of the medieval church Hidden messages and tongue-in-cheek depictions were widespread throughout medieval churches. But was the medieval world simply rife with satire or did these etchings and carvings hold deeper meanings? The 'mooning man' gargoyle (with his strategically placed hole) was designed to deflect evil spirits from the church
"10.09.2016 12:01:17" historyextra.com Were vampires buried with a stake through their heart? William of Newburgh's Historia Rerum Anglicarum, written in the 12th century, records two instances of people apparently rising from the dead, the first of which he describes as being a “serious nuisance”. One was dispatched by placing a charter of a "In Britain, it was not vampires but suicides that were buried with a stake through their heart"
"10.09.2016 11:00:01" historyextra.com Where history happened: Stephen and Matilda This little-known power struggle between competing claimants to the throne had consequences that reverberated through history. We visit eight places associated with the dispute... Empress Matilda died on this day in 1167
"10.09.2016 10:00:01" historyextra.com 7 maps that changed history Whether documenting mankind's growing geographical knowledge, charting great political developments, or promoting an ideology, maps have been an important feature of most cultures... "From marks scratched on rocks by Neolithic peoples to on-demand maps on smart phones, cartography has shaped our perception of the world for millennia..."
"09.09.2016 16:30:00" historyextra.com History quiz – x-rays, Indian emperors and Greek mythology How will you fare in this week's history quiz? Dorothy Mary Hodgkin determined the structure of which hormone through x-ray crystallography?
"09.09.2016 15:30:00" historyextra.com What are the historical origins of darts? Where does the game come from and is it archery related? "Some darts enthusiasts claim the game originated with archers throwing shortened arrows at the bottom of a barrel, or a disc cut from a tree trunk"
"09.09.2016 14:30:01" historyextra.com D-Day: a resounding success for the Allies It's time to silence the D-Day doubters, says James Holland... "It is time we changed our view of this bitter, bloody episode, and give the Allied forces who fought there the credit they deserve"
"09.09.2016 13:30:00" historyextra.com Anthropoid: behind the scenes with director Sean Ellis Released in UK cinemas today, Anthropoid follows the nail-biting true story of the secret operation to assassinate Reinhard Heydrich, the Nazi known as 'Hitler's hangman'... "The problem with historical events is that there are many different versions of those events. You can find yourself being a sort of historic detective..."
"09.09.2016 12:00:00" historyextra.com Holocaust landscapes The Holocaust, says Professor Tim Cole, is no longer a single, monolithic event, but rather a shifting nexus of chronology and location. In his latest book, Cole considers the places and stories of th "Dumping grounds where prisoners were abandoned to die were, for many survivors, more terrifying than death camps because it seemed that no one was in control anymore"